Summa (Pärt)

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Summa is a composition by Estonian composer Arvo Pärt.[1] It was initially written in 1977 as a choral work (a setting of the Credo), then later scored by Pärt for instruments.[2] It has been described as "gently rocked muted harmonic simplicities back and forth" when it was performed by the Kronos Quartet in 1992.[3]


  1. ^ Anthony Holden (26 September 2004). "Pärt, Berliner Messe, Magnificat, Summa and other choral works". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Stripping Away Words: Arvo Part's Summa". NPR Music. NPR. June 19, 2006. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
  3. ^ Bernard Holland (April 28, 1992). "Kronos Quartet Alice Tully Hall". New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2 May 2013.

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