|Instrumental music by Arvo Pärt|
The composer in 2008
Fratres (Brothers) is a composition by the Estonian composer Arvo Pärt exemplifying his tintinnabuli style of composition. It is three-part music, written in 1977, without fixed instrumentation and has been described as a “mesmerising set of variations on a six-bar theme combining frantic activity and sublime stillness that encapsulates Pärt’s observation that ‘the instant and eternity are struggling within us’.”
Structure and versions
Structurally, Fratres consists of a set of eight or nine chord sequences separated by a recurring percussion motif. The sequences themselves follow a pattern, and while the progressing chords explore a rich harmonic space, they appear to have been generated by means of a simple formula.
The composition was used for many films and documentaries. Notable usages include:
- 1987 film Rachel River
- 1996 film Mother Night performed by Tasmin Little (violin) and Martin Roscoe (piano)
- 1997 German film Winter Sleepers
- 1999 eight-part PBS documentary New York: A Documentary Film directed by Ric Burns
- 2005 six-part BBC documentary Auschwitz: The Nazis and the ‘Final Solution’ produced by Laurence Rees, used the composition performed in 1997 by the Hungarian State Opera Orchestra, conducted by Tamás Benedek
- 2006 autobiographical film La Morte Rouge directed by Victor Erice
- 2007 film There Will Be Blood directed by Paul Thomas Anderson
- 2013 film To the Wonder directed by Terrence Malick
- 2013 film The Place Beyond the Pines directed by Derek Cianfrance
- 2013 film Violette directed by Martin Provost
- 2015 film El Club directed by Pablo Larraín
- 2017 documentary film Mountain directed by Jennifer Peedom
In other compositions
- Zivanovic, Rade (2012). "Arvo Part's Fratres and his Tintinnabuli Technique". Retrieved 2017-04-27.
- Arvo Pärt, Sinfini Music website
- Linus Åkesson (2007-12-03). "Fratres". Retrieved 2007-12-03.
- Frank J. Oteri (2014). "Aaron Parks: Make Me Believe A Melody". Retrieved 2014-06-17.
- The 1997 release by the Hungarian State Opera Orchestra, used in the 2005 BBC documentary Auschwitz: The Nazis and the ‘Final Solution’
- An Official Video of London-based violinist Lana Trotovšek performing the version for violin and piano with pianist Yoko Misumi
- Free recording of Fratres for Cellos by the Columbia University Orchestra.
- A Remixed version for Violin and Piano by Beats Antique of Oakland California
- Mari Silje Samuelsen and The Trondheim Soloists