A detail from a 1904 map of Korea, showing "Sun-heung" as the largest town northwest of the provincial capital Andong
|Literal meaning||The Township of Following Prosperity|
Sunheung is an anglicization of the McCune–Reischauer romanization Sunhŭng. Its official romanization in South Korea is Sunheung. In 19th century sources, Sunheung appears as Sioun-heng-fu, from a French transcription of the Korean placename and the Chinese pronunciation of its status as the seat of a district or commandery. Although the name literally means "Adhering to", "Obeying", or "Following Prosperity" or "Success", Sunheung is also Bon-gwan of a Korean clan in the area which included the influential Korean Confucianist An Hyang.
Under the late Joseon dynasty, Sunheung was a district capital overseeing the plains and hinterland around Mount Taebaek. Its mountains were the site of Korea's first foreign mining concern, a silver mine whose permit was revoked by the royal court in Seoul after a few months of operation in the early 1850s.
- "Corea", Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. VI, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1878, pp. 390–394.
- Dallet, Charles (1874), "Introduction", Histoire de l'Église de Corée, Paris: Victor Palmé. (French)
- "Old Korea, Pt. I", a partial English translation of Dallet's History of the Korean Church at Lotus & Persimmon