Palisades del Rey
|County||Los Angeles County|
|Elevation||135 ft (41 m)|
Palisades del Rey (Spanish for "Palisades of the King") was a 1921 neighborhood land development by Dickinson & Gillespie Co. that later came to be called the Playa del Rey district of Los Angeles County, California. It lay at an elevation of 135 feet (41 m). All of the houses in this area were custom built, many as beach homes owned by Hollywood actors and producers, including Cecil B. DeMille, Charles Bickford, and others.
A southern portion of Playa del Rey became known as Surfridge. It was south of the current remaining area of Playa del Rey and north of El Segundo and immediately west of the perimeter of Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). The area is bounded on the east by LAX, on the north by Waterview and Napoleon streets, on the south by Imperial Highway, and on the west by Vista del Mar. The beach to the west of the area is Dockweiler State Beach.
Surfridge was developed in the 1920s and 1930s as "an isolated playground for the wealthy." In 1925 the developer held a contest to name the neighborhood and awarded the $1,000 prize to an Angeleno who submitted "Surfridge." The Los Angeles Times wrote that Surfridge was chosen "due to its brevity, euphony, ease of pronunciation ... but above all because it tells the story of this new wonder city."
Salesmen pitched tents on the sand dunes and sold lots for $50 down and 36 monthly payments of $20. House exteriors could only be made of stucco, brick or stone; frame structures were prohibited. Development was slowed by the onset of the Great Depression, but in the early 1930s the wealthy began to buy lots to build large homes.
Mines Field, a small airport at that time, opened to the east of Surfridge in 1928. It became a popular location for residents to see air shows.
The growing number of commercial flights into Los Angeles following World War II meant a higher number of planes flying low over Surfridge. Many residents learned to co-exist with the noise from propeller planes, but jet engines were difficult to ignore.
"If you lived in Surfridge prior to the late 1950s, you had to raise your voice a bit when having a conversation. After the jets came, you had to literally stop talking when they took off," said Duke Dukesherer, a business executive who has written about Surfridge's history.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the area was condemned and acquired by the City of Los Angeles in a series of eminent domain purchases to facilitate airport expansion and to address concerns about noise from jet airplanes. Homeowners were forced to sell their property to the city. Several homeowners sued the city and remained in their houses for several years after the majority of houses were vacated. Eventually all the houses were either moved or demolished.
The neighborhood is now enclosed by chain-link fences. Old residential streets are still visible through the fencing and from the air. The area is now a protected habitat for the endangered El Segundo blue butterfly. In 2019, a number of rare burrowing owls were sighted nesting in the preserve. California gnatcatchers are also found amidst the restored sand dunes and coastal sage scrub despite the noise.
The only part of the neighbourhood still accessible to the public is Vista Del Mar Park, a small park with a playground and picnic area on Vista Del Mar Boulevard that is maintained by the City of Los Angeles.
- Video: Surfridge and Palisades Del Rey - What Remains
- The remains of a Hollywood playground wiped off the map
- Surfridge: A Los Angeles Ghost Town
- Surfridge Ghosttown Photos, videos, information and links.
- Paradise Lost: The Rise & Fall of Surfridge (Southbay Magazine article)
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Palisades del Rey, California
- "Ghostown del Rey" Archived 2010-02-12 at the Wayback Machine at Elsegundo.net
- Waffling article at JWAirFair.com
- Proposed Surfridge Memorial Archived 2009-04-26 at archive.today at TheGeister.com
- Anton, Max. (2013, March 2). LAX ghost town a home to memories and rare butterflies. The Los Angeles Times.
- "Los Angeles Ghost Town: At the Hands of LAX" Archived 2013-04-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Sahagun, Louis (February 17, 2019). "This LAX-adjacent ghost town is now 'priceless coastal real estate' for rare owls". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
- Lentz, Joan Easton (2019-12-12). "Opinion: Birds are vanishing from North America. There's a way to bring them back". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2019-12-16.
- "LA Parks: Vista Del Mar Park