Sustainability in New Zealand
Over the relatively short human occupation of New Zealand huge changes had been made to the natural environment. Although efforts were made by a small number of individuals and organisations in highlighting environmental issues, only ad-hoc measures were made by the government at central and local level. Sustainability became a concept that emerged from the environmental movement which become a social and political movement of its own right in the 1960s. In 1972 the Values Party formed, being the first national level Green party.
The New Zealand government has enacted legislation to enshrine sustainability principles in law, notably the Resource Management Act 1991. It was a landmark piece of legislation, being the first the adopt the principle of sustainability.
As with many other countries there were demand for sustainable products and services and some companies began filling this demand. In March 2007 the Westpac bank became the "first New Zealand bank to offer a 'green' home loan." There was also increasing calls for Green Growth, a path of economic growth which uses natural resources in a sustainable manner. The Ministry of Economic Development set up the Green Growth Advisory Group. The lobby group Pure Advantage formed in July 2011 to promote Green Growth and in 2012 released a report stating that New Zealand should improve its environmental performance and improve its image. Some of the environmental rankings, including Yale University's Environmental Performance Index, showed that New Zealand was not improving its overall sustainability. New Zealand is a green country although it is small it still continues to be an eco friendly country.
The international business adviser, author and speaker Paul Gilding believes New Zealand dairy farmers have a significant advantage over other countries because they run pasture-fed systems, rather than grain-fed as in the US. Another advantage is New Zealand's reputation as a clean and green country, at least compared with most other countries. "As the demand rises for clean and green food, the better off New Zealand dairy is," Gilding said.
- Green building in New Zealand
- Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority
- Environmental issues in New Zealand
- Environment of New Zealand
- Conservation in New Zealand
- New Zealand Centre for Sustainable Cities
- Generation Zero (NZ Group)
- "Sustainable Development Programme of Action". Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Government. 2003-01-31. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
- Slade, Maria (12 November 2006). "Green home loans boom". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Slade, Maria (11 June 2012). "Business bosses call for green growth". Stuff.co.nz. Fairfax NZ. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- "New Zealand's position in the green race" (PDF). Pure Advantage. 11 June 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- Fonterra bringing in Greenpeace ex-boss
- Patterson, Murray (March 2002). Headline indicators for tracking progress to sustainability in New Zealand. ME429. Wellington, NZ.: Ministry for the Environment. ISBN 0-478-24057-0.}
- Sustainable Development for New Zealand (PDF). Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Government. January 2003. ISBN 0-478-26326-0.
- New Zealand Energy Strategy to 2050 (PDF). Wellington, NZ: Ministry of Economic Development. 2007. ISBN 978-0-478-31087-0.
- New Zealand Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy (PDF). Wellington, NZ.: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority. October 2007. ISBN 978-0-478-19502-6.
- Clough, Peter (November 2009), Sustainable development: Have we got our priorities right?, Wellington, NZ: New Zealand Institute of Economic Research, ISSN 1170-2583
- Rudzitis, Gundars; Bird, Kenton (2011), "The Myth and Reality of Sustainable New Zealand: Mining in a Pristine Land", Environment magazine
- Miller, Caroline (January 2011). Implementing Sustainability: The New Zealand Experience. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-0-415-49550-9.
- Sustainable Management Fund operated by the Ministry for the Environment
- Sustainable Initiatives Fund