Suzanne Mubarak

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Suzanne Mubarak
سوزان مبارك
Suzanne Mubarak 1.jpg
Suzanne Mubarak, 2010
First Lady of Egypt
In role
14 October 1981 – 11 February 2011
PresidentHosni Mubarak
Preceded byJehan Al Sadat
Succeeded byNaglaa Mahmoud
Personal details
Born
Suzanne Saleh Thabet

(1941-02-28) 28 February 1941 (age 81)
Al Minya Governorate, Kingdom of Egypt
Spouse(s)
(m. 1959; died 2020)
Children
Parent(s)Saleh Thabet
Lily May Palmer
Alma materAmerican University in Cairo

Suzanne Mubarak (Arabic: سوزان مبارك [suˈzæːn moˈbɑːɾɑk], née Thabet; born 28 February 1941) is the widow of Egyptian former president Hosni Mubarak and was the First Lady of Egypt during her husband's presidential tenure from 14 October 1981 to 11 February 2011. She has served as Goodwill Ambassador of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, and founded the Cairo Child Museum in collaboration with the British Museum. Born to an Egyptian father and a British mother, she is a sociologist by education.

Early life and education[edit]

Suzanne Saleh Thabet was born in Al Minya Governorate, located on the Nile River about 250 kilometres to the south of Cairo, on 28 February 1941.[1] Her father, Saleh Thabet, was an Egyptian pediatrician and her mother was Lily May Palmer (died in 1978), a nurse from Pontypridd, Wales.[2][3][4] She went to St. Claire School in Heliopolis, Cairo.

She met her future husband, Egyptian Air Force officer Hosni Mubarak, when she was 16 years old.[5] The couple married when she was 17 years old[5] and had two sons; Alaa Mubarak and Gamal Mubarak. She returned to school ten years after her marriage.[5]

Mubarak graduated from American University in Cairo (AUC) in 1977 with a bachelor's degree in political science and then received a master's degree in sociology from AUC in 1982.[5][6] Her thesis is entitled "Social Action Research in Urban Egypt: Case study of primary school upgrading in Bulaq".

First Lady of Egypt[edit]

First Lady Suzanne Mubarak (left), with President Hosni Mubarak and Polish President Lech Kaczynski and his wife, Maria Kaczyńska, in 2008

Mubarak became First Lady of Egypt upon her husband's accession to the presidency on 14 October 1981 and served as First Lady until her husband's resignation on 11 February 2011.

Mubarak's activities in projects relating to human trafficking and family affairs became prominent in Egypt.[7] She led the Egyptian U.N. delegation in conferences relating to women and children. In 1985 she founded the Child Museum of Cairo in collaboration with the British Museum. In 2005, she opened the Hurghada branch of Mubarak's Public Library.[8] In October 2008, she was nominated as Goodwill Ambassador of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).[9] She was a patron of the children's television series, Alam Simsim (Arabic for "Sesame's World"), Egypt's version of the American series, Sesame Street.

In March 2008, Egyptian journalist Ibrahim Eissa was arrested for reporting on Hosni Mubarak's health problems in August 2007.[10] Mubarak then gave a rare television address to allege that Hosni was actually healthy and reporters who suggested otherwise deserve to be punished.[10]

Family[edit]

Mubarak was married to former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. She is the daughter of an Egyptian paediatrician, Saleh Sabet, and Welsh nurse Lily Palmer. Saleh Sabet, at the time a 29-year-old medical student at Cardiff University, married the 29-year-old Lily May Palmer in Islington, London on 16 March 1934. Palmer was a trained nurse working at The Infirmary on Camden Road, Islington. She was the daughter of colliery manager Charles Henry Palmer, and grew up in Pontypridd, Glamorgan, Wales.[1] Mubarak's older brother, Mounir Sabet, is a former president of the Egyptian Olympic Committee.[11]

She has two sons, Alaa and Gamal, a granddaughter, and two grandsons, one of whom, 12-year-old Muhammad Mubarak, died on 18 May 2009, in Paris after a two-day health crisis.[6]

On 12 March 2021, the European Union lifted the sanctions against nine Egyptian individuals including the Mubarak family, in place since 2011.[12]

Honours[edit]

  • 2006: Ibsen Centennial Commemoration Award, presented by Queen Sonja of Norway in Egypt on the occasion of the Ibsen Year
  • The 1989 UNICEF Executive Board conferred upon Mubarak its highest honour, the "Maurice Pate Award", in recognition of her efforts for child survival, protection and development.
  • Given the highest Award in 1989 by the Rehabilitation International Centre for her outstanding services and support to disabled children.
  • Given an Honorary Fulbright Award, in recognition of her efforts in the field of child development and education,
  • The "Together for Peace Foundation" bestowed upon Mubarak "The 1992 Enrique de la Mata International Prize for Peace" in recognition of her promotion of child development and alleviating the suffering of victims of natural disasters.
  • The Rotary Foundation of Rotary International named Mubarak in 1992 a "Paul Harris Fellow" in appreciation of the assistance for the furthering of better understanding and friendly relations between peoples of the world.
  • The "Health for All Gold Medal", the highest distinction awarded by the World Health Organization, was conferred upon Mubarak in June 1994 in recognition of her contributions to improving the quality of life of the women and children of Egypt and her commitment to international efforts aimed at integrating health in the development process.
  • Mubarak received the International Book Committee, International Book Award in April 1995 in recognition of her efforts to promote reading in Egypt.
  • Soka University bestowed upon Mubarak its Award of Highest Honour in April 1995.
  • Westminster College, New Wilmington, honoured Mubarak with the degree of Doctor of Laws in recognition of her achievement for the people of Egypt and in causes valued by the international community.
  • "The American World Book Association for Publication Award" in recognition of her role in the publication of books and her efforts in supporting the campaign of "Reading for All".
  • "Award of the Arab Publishers Federation" in recognition of her efforts in promoting Arab literature. Cairo, 1996.
  • The UNESCO Avicenna Medal in recognition of her role in promoting cultural activities in Egypt, 1997. The award "honours heads of state and other personalities who have made a significant contribution to the advancement of UNESCO’s goals".[13]
  • "Prize of Tolerance", European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Salzburg, 1998.
  • "The Degree of Professor Counsellor", Shanghai University, April 1999.
  • "Honorary Doctor Degree", Iwa University, Seoul, for her efforts to promote women's education and social development in Egypt, April 1999.
  • The "Rotary Award" for her efforts in combating polio, June 1999.
  • "Honorary Doctor Degree for Humane letters", American University in Cairo, February 2000.
  • "Honorary Doctor Degree", American University in Spain, in recognition of her efforts in the social field in Egypt, February 2000.
  • "Honorary Doctor Degree", Azerbaijan State Economic University, in recognition of activities in field of education and her efforts to protect and promote women and children rights across the Arab world. November 2009
  • The Alexandria Regional Center for Women's Health and Development was formerly called The Suzanne Mubarak Regional Centre for Women's Health and Development, in recognition of her work on behalf of women in Egypt.
  • In December 2006 Mubarak received the Dr Rainer Hildebrandt Human Rights Award endowed by Alexandra Hildebrandt.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Egypt's first ladies". Historica. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Egypt: Suzanne Mubarak 'recovering' from sudden illness". BBC. 14 May 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  3. ^ Mahnaimi, Uzi (12 June 2005). "Wife bids to build Mubarak dynasty". The Times.
  4. ^ Evans, Martin. "Egypt Crisis: Mubarak Family Profile – Telegraph."30 Jan. 2011. Web. 14 May 2011. [1].
  5. ^ a b c d Leary, Alex (14 February 1988). "A Greater Role for Egypt's First Lady". New York Times. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
  6. ^ a b Thurber, John. "Suzanne Mubarak's Literary Career|Los Angeles Times." |18 May 2011. [2].
  7. ^ Hendawi, Hamza. "Court: Remove Mubarak name from public facilities – Yahoo! News." 21 April 2011. [3].
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "First Ladies Summit at FAO, Rome". FAO Newsroom. 5 November 2009.
  10. ^ a b "Egyptian Journo Jailed For Prez Reports" 26 March 2008. CBS News. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  11. ^ Hays, Kathleen; Morris, Valerie; Willis, Gerri (10 December 2003). "Deadly Checkmate" (Free with registration). Egypt Today. America's Intelligence Wire. Retrieved 7 October 2010. the Egyptian Olympic Committee (EOC), headed by Gen. Mounir Sabet, the brother of the First Lady Suzanne Mubarak...
  12. ^ "Egypt: EU revokes sanctions framework and delists 9 people". Council of the European Union. 12 March 2021.
  13. ^ "Bundestag speaker addresses UNESCO general conference and receives award". UNESCO.

External links[edit]

Honorary titles
Preceded by First Lady of Egypt
1981–2011
Succeeded by