TOZ rifle

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TOZ rifles are a family of .22 Long Rifle bolt-action cadet rifles manufactured by the Tula Arms Plant (Russian abbreviation TOZ stands for Tulsky Oruzheyny Zavod). Most notably the TOZ-8, TOZ-17 and TOZ-78 which were used to train generations of Russian military, paramilitary and police cadets.

TOZ-8[edit]

TOZ-8
TypeCadet rifle
Production history
DesignerD. M. Kochetov
Designed1932
Manufacturer
Produced1932 to late 1950s
No. builtabout 1 million
Variants
  • TOZ-8M
  • TOZ-8OPF
  • TOZ-9
  • TOZ-11
  • TOZ-12
  • TOZ-12OPF
  • TOZ-16
Specifications
Mass7.16 lb (3.25 kg)[1]
Length44 in (1,118 mm)[1]
Barrel length25 in (635 mm)[1]

Cartridge.22LR
ActionBolt action
Feed systemSingle-shot
SightsFixed sights with a graduated scale up to 250 M[1]

The TOZ-1 is a single-shot .22LR, bolt action cadet rifle designed in 1927 by V. Selivanov and Ya. Kanevsky. The TOZ-1s were made from the late 1920s to early 1930s, until it was replaced with the improved TOZ-8 rifles.

The TOZ-8 is a single shot .22LR bolt action cadet rifle conceived in 1932 by the designer-gunsmith D. M. Kochetov and serially produced at the Tula Arms Plant.[2] The TOZ-8 is a simple device, trouble-free and reliable in operation. It was widely used for primary education in the school shooting, gunsmith and DOSAAF paramilitary organization in the USSR for decades.[2] About one million TOZ-8s were made from the early 1930s to the late 1950s. Many TOZ-8 rifles are currently in civilian circulation and it is still used for hunting small game.[3][4]

The receiver contains the bolt and trigger mechanism. The rifle uses bolt action: a rotating bolt locks the cartridge in the chamber, closes bore, ignites the cartridge, and ejects the spent cartridge. Lugs are missing; locking is performed on the charging handle. When the trigger is pressed, the hammer falls. The trigger is affixed to the rear end of the trigger springs from below. When pressing the trigger rests its ledges in the receiver and move down the release spring high neck than releases the trigger, which, along with hammer, moves forward under the influence of spring and drives the firing pin into the primer, igniting the cartridge and firing the shot.

There is no magazine. In place of the magazine guide is a special guide that controls the motion of the cartridge when it is rammed into the chamber. Sights include front and rear open sights. A cover protects the operator from hot gas in the event of case failure during firing (see Firearm malfunction § Case head separation). The stock connects all parts of the rifle and serves for convenience when shooting; it has a butt, neck, and forearm.

Variants[edit]

  • TOZ-8M — is a single-shot .22LR, bolt action cadet rifle. It is an improved TOZ-8 that was developed after World War II.[2]
  • TOZ-8OPF — is a single-shot .22LR, bolt action cadet rifle. It is the TOZ-8M produced by RPC Fort in Ukraine.
  • TOZ-9 — is a single-shot .22LR, bolt action rifle. It is the sporting version of the TOZ-8 designed by D. M. Kochetov.
  • TOZ-11 — is a single-shot .22LR, bolt action rifle. It is a lightweight version of the TOZ-9 made for hunters and fishermen. It was designed in 1946, by K.I. Shihvatov. The TOZ-11 was an award-winning design, that was about 2 kg lighter than the TOZ-9.[5] The TOZ-11 was produced from 1946 to 1957.[6]
  • TOZ-12 — is a single-shot .22LR, bolt action cadet rifle. It is an improved TOZ-8M designed by D. M. Kochetov. It features an adjustable aperture sight.[7]
  • TOZ-12OPF — is a single-shot .22LR, bolt action cadet rifle. It is the TOZ-12 produced by RPC Fort in Ukraine.
  • TOZ-16 — is a single-shot .22 LR, bolt-action rifle. It is based on the TOZ-11, and was produced using more modern manufacturing techniques.[6]

TOZ-17[edit]

TOZ-17
Toz-17-rifle.jpg
TypeCadet rifle
Place of originSoviet Union
Production history
Designed1956-1957[8]
ManufacturerTula Arms Plant
Variants
  • TOZ-17
  • TOZ-17-01
  • TOZ-18
  • TOZ-78
Specifications
Mass2.7 kg (6.0 lb)
Length1,000 mm (39.4 in)
Barrel length536 mm (21.1 in)

Cartridge.22 Long Rifle[8]
Feed system5 round detachable magazine[8]
SightsIron
TOZ-17 dissembled

The TOZ-17 is a .22 LR, bolt-action repeating rifle with a 5-round detachable magazine. It was designed in 1956. It has a similar appearance, sights and functions much the same as the Mosin–Nagant rifle. It intended for professional and amateur hunting and sport shooting.[8]

The design reflects Soviet tradition,as it is very simple to use yet strong and functional. The rifle is very well built, reliable and accurate. It features twin extractors on the bolt which makes case ejection very positive. The bolt is considered large compared with most rimfire designs, paired with a large firing pin and spring assembly. The TOZ-17 has the bolt with a rear safety similar to BSA rifle as the BSA Sportsman.

The TOZ-17 has a free-floating barrel for increased accuracy. Its bore is anodized to reduce wear and increase barrel life. The TOZ-18 is the same rifle redesigned to accept a 2.5-power fixed focus scope. Its receiver has a standard dovetail rail for allowing a scope, but requires high rings to allow the scope to clear the rear sight.

TOZ-78[edit]

TOZ-78
TypeCadet rifle
Place of originSoviet Union
Production history
Designed1986 - 1987
ManufacturerTula Arms Plant[9]
Variants
  • TOZ-78
  • TOZ-78-01
  • TOZ-78-04
  • TOZ-78-05
  • TOZ-78-06
Specifications
Mass2.7 kg (6.0 lb)[9]
Length1,000 mm (39.4 in)[9]
Barrel length536 mm (21.1 in)

Cartridge.22 Long Rifle[9]
Feed system5 or 10 round detachable magazines[9]
SightsIron sight[9]
2.5-power fixed focus scope

The TOZ-78 is a .22 LR, bolt-action repeating rifle. It uses 5- and 10 round detachable magazines. The TOZ-78 was designed in 1986 and is still in production. It is based on the TOZ-17 and comes in various improved models. The TOZ-78-04 has a thread barrel to attach a suppressor. The TOZ-78-05 is a heavy barrel version designed to be used with a 2.5-power fixed focus scope.[9] This model does not have iron sights. The TOZ-78-06 - heavy barrel version, with a thread barrel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d https://nmafzal.com/2015/10/26/toz-model-8-22-lr-short-review/
  2. ^ a b c П.А. Гусак, А.М. Рогачев (1975), Начальная военная подготовка [Initial military training] (military instructor manual) (2 ed.), Minsk: Narodnaya Asveta (People's Education), pp. 226–228CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ А. E. Blagovestov (2000), A. E. Taras (ed.), То, из чего стреляют в СНГ [Shooting in CIS], Minsk: Harvest AST, p. 557
  4. ^ Vladimir Tikhomirov (2009), "Мелкашки на охоте" [No big thing at hunting], Охота (Hunting) (11–12), Справедливость требует упомянуть, что реально многие охотятся со спортивными малокалиберными винтовками ТОЗ-8 или ещё более ранними моделями (Justice requires mention that many really hunt with sports mini-rifles, TOZ-8 or even earlier models)
  5. ^ A.B. Kuzminskiy (2002), A. E. Tarasa (ed.), Оружие для охотника: практическое пособие [Weapons for the Hunter: a practical handbook], ACT, p. 219
  6. ^ a b Viktor Ron (2014), "Промысловые однозарядные малокалиберные" [Harvesting [game] with single-shot small-caliber [arms]], Hunting (1), pp. 64–66
  7. ^ П.А. Гусак, А.М. Рогачев. Начальная военная подготовка (справочное пособие военрука). 2-е изд., доп. и перераб. Минск, "Народная асвета", 1975. стр.226-228
  8. ^ a b c d А.В. Кузьминский. Оружие для охотника: практическое пособие / под общ.ред. А.Е. Тараса М., ООО "Издательство АСТ", 2002. стр.219-220
  9. ^ a b c d e f g А.В. Кузьминский. Оружие для охотника: практическое пособие / под общ.ред. А.Е. Тараса М., ООО "Издательство АСТ", 2002. стр.221-223

External links[edit]