Takatsukasa family

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In this Japanese name, the family name is Takatsukasa.

Takatsukasa clan (鷹司家 Takutsukasa-ke?) was a Japanese aristocratic kin group.[1] The Takatsukasa was a branch of the Fujiwara clan.[2]


The family was founded by Fujiwara Kanehira (1228– 1294), who was the sixth son of Konoe Iezane. He was the first to take this name.[1] The family took its name from the section of Kyoto in which they resided. The family crest is the peony.[citation needed]

The Takatsukasa was one of the five Fujiwara families from which the Sesshō and Kampaku were chosen.[1]

The Takatsukasa family died out in the Sengoku period. Later, at the beginning of the Edo period, a son of Nijō Haruyoshi took the name Takatsukasa Nobufusa and revived the household which halted at Tadafuyu.[citation needed]

Nobufusa's daughter Takako married Iemitsu, the third Tokugawa shogun; but she had no son.[citation needed]

In 1869, the head of the Takatsukasa family became duke in the kazoku system.[1] Princess Kazuko, the third daughter of Hirohito, the Emperor Showa, married the heir of Takatsukasa.[citation needed]

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  1. ^ a b c d e Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Nijō," Nobiliare du Japon, p. 58; retrieved 2013-8-13.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Takatsukasa-ke" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 937.

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