|Born||Tahir Mukhtorovich Sabirov
21 December 1929
|Died||30 May 2002
|Other names||The Dynasty King|
|Occupation||Film director, actor, screenwriter, producer|
Takhir Sabirov (Russian: Тахир Сабиров) (born December 21, 1929 in Stalinabad (USSR) now Dushanbe, Tajikistan) is a renowned Tajik film director, actor, screenwriter, art director, and one of the most notable figures of the Tajik cinema. He is known as the "founding father" of the One Thousand and One Nights dynasty of the film industry due to his creation of the 'Scheherazade' trilogy.
He is also known by his formal name Takhir Mukhtorovich Sabirov. His mother Mastona Sobir Zoda was the daughter of Duke Sobir-kaloni Tura-zoda of Samarkand (now part of the Samarqand Province, Uzbekistan), from the Duchy of Greater Khorasan, known as Tura-zoda, who were eminent members of Central Asia's Aristocracy. Takhir was the youngest of five children. He was married twice and has two sons and three daughters.
He completed the Performing Arts discipline at the Tashkent State Art Institute of Theatrical Arts in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. In 1951, he then continued further by obtaining his Directorial discipline under faculty of Yuri Zavadsky at The Russian Academy of Theatre Arts (GITIS) in Moscow, Russia.
His first film, "Roh" (1955) (Russian title: Дорога) produced by Mosfilm initiated him into the film industry, but the role of Yodgor in "Dokhunda" (1956) sparked his career and was followed by several successful roles. His directorial debut was in "Vaqti zangirii pisar rasid" (Russian title: "Sinu para jinitsa", 1959), which was the first comedy musical motion picture in the Cinema of Tajikistan. With his films he introduced the Tajik film industry onto international scenebasis with his nomination in International film festivals. His film "Margi Sudkhur" (Russian title: "Smert' Rostovshika", 1966) was nominated at the International Film Festival of Asia and Africa in 1968.
His trilogy of "New Tales of Scheherazade", "Another Night of Scheherazade" and "Last Night of Scheherazade" that were based on the Arabic folktale One Thousand and One Nights had made a great impact in the Cinema of Tajikistan by opening it to European audiences and borders. The Scheherazade trilogies were among one of the first Tajik film productions that achieved distribution beyond Russian (former USSR) borders, placing Tajik film on the map of International Film Festivals. Not only has he directed and co-written the Scheherazade trilogies, but also starred as King Shahryar (Sultan); which coincidentally is more true to his own lineage of royalty. He became a cultural icon gaining more acknowledgement and respect.
Regardless of the obstacles he had faced in his lifetime, he never stopped filming. He is known in the Tajik film industry as one of the major film directors of his time. He broadened his entertainment field as he established entrepreneurial joint venture "Movarounnahr Joint Venture" as an Art Director. Although he was involved in many fields of the film industry, he always had time to instruct and inspire students and apprentices.
In 1999, he was part of the judging committee in the 21st (XXI) Moscow International Film Festival. He became the first Tajik film director to be honored with the position of a film judge. In 2002, he was an honorary guest at the 55th (LV) Cannes Film Festival. Even in his seventy years of age he was involved in film production. However, on May 30, 2002 he died with his film "Khoja Kamoli Khujandi" still in production. In 2003, a street, "Takhir Sabirov Street" was named after his death for his contributions in the Cinema of Tajikistan (Tajikfilm, Tajik Film Studio).
Awards and honors
- Laurette of (winner) of the ("Gospremii") State Award of Tajikistan
- Accredited National Actor of Tajikistan
- People's Artist of Tajikistan (USSR)
- Postmortem honor street named Takhir Sabirov Street in Dushanbe, Tajikistan
Year Title: Tajik/Russian/English (role)
- 1955 Roh/Doroga/The Road (actor)
- 1956 Dokhunda (actor)
- 1957 Man bo dukhtare vokhurdam/Ya vstretil devushku/I Met a Girl (actor)
- 1957 Bahori notakror/Nepovtorimaya vesna/A Unique Spring (actor)
- 1958 Nasriddin dar Khujand/Nasriddin v Khujande/Nasriddin in Khujand (actor)
- 1959 Vaqti zangirii picar rasid/Sinu para jinitsa/Time for the Son to Marry (director)
- 1960 Fidoiyon (director)
- 1963 Shohsanam va Gharib/ Shakhsenem i garib/Shakhsenem and Garib/Legend of Love/La Legende De L'amour (director)
- 1966 Margi sudkhur/Smert' Rostovshika (director)
- 1967 Khiyonat/Izmena/Betrayal (writer) (director)
- 1968 Kashfi asror (director)
- 1970 Maidoni parvoz (director)
- 1971 Tyfon dar void/Uragan v daline/Hurricane in the Valley (director)
- 1973 Hejbudagon/Kto byl nichem (director) (series)
- 1975 Hejbudagon har chiz meshavand (director) (series)
- 1978 Zane az diyori dur/Zhenshina iz daleka/Woman from far away (director)
- 1979 Aspho dar zeri moh (actor)
- 1980 Vokhuri dar darai marg/Vstrecha v uzchelye smerty /Meetin in the Canyon of Death (actor) (director)
- 1980 Khobhoi bahori (actor)
- 1980 Nassymbek/Nassymbek/Nassymbek (actor)
- 1981 Khonaat obod boshad (actor) (director) (series)
- 1983 Priklyucheniya malenkogo Muka (actor) (TV)
- 1984 Boz yak shabi Shahrzod/I eshchyo odna noch Shekherazady /And Another Sheherezade Night (actor) (director) (writer)
- 1985 Qismati Malika/Sudba printsessy/Fate of the Princess (actor) (director)
- 1986 Afsonahoi navi Shahrzod/Novye skazki Shakherezady/New Tales of Sheherezade (actor) (director) (writer)
- 1987 Shabi okhironi Shahrzod/Poslednyaya noch Shakherezady/Last Night of Sheherezade (actor) (director) (writer)
- 1991 Ashq va shamsher/Slyezi I mech/Tears and sword (director) (series)
- 1996 Pairohai qismat (director) (cofilm with Iran (series))
- 1999 Khoja Kamoli Khujandi/Khodja Kamoli iz Khujanda/Khoja Kamoli from Khujand (director) (series)(unfinished)