HMS Turbulent (1916)
|Builder||Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne|
|Launched||5 January 1916|
|Completed||1 May 1916|
|Fate||Sunk during the Battle of Jutland, 1 June 1916|
|Class and type||Talisman-class destroyer|
|Displacement||1,098 long tons (1,116 t)|
|Length||309 ft (94 m) o/a|
|Beam||28 ft 7 in (8.71 m)|
|Draught||9 ft 6 in (2.90 m)|
|Propulsion||3 Shafts; 3 steam turbines|
|Speed||32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)|
HMS Turbulent was one of four Talisman-class destroyers ordered for the Ottoman Navy and taken over by the Royal Navy during the First World War.
The Talismans were designed by Armstrong Whitworth for the Ottoman Navy, but were sub-contracted to Hawthorn Leslie and Company for building. They displaced 1,098 long tons (1,116 t). The ships had an overall length of 309 feet (94.2 m), a beam of 28 feet 7 inches (8.7 m) and a draught of 9 feet 6 inches (2.9 m). They were powered by three Parsons direct-drive steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by three Yarrow boilers. The turbines developed a total of 25,000 shaft horsepower (19,000 kW) and gave a maximum speed of 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). The ships carried a maximum of 237 long tons (241 t) of fuel oil. The ships' complement was 102 officers and ratings.
The Talisman-class ships were heavily armed for their time, shipping five single QF 4-inch (102 mm) Mark IV guns. Two of the guns were side-by-side on the forecastle. The other guns were carried on the centreline; one between the first and second funnels, one after the searchlight platform and one on a bandstand on the quarterdeck. All the guns had half-shields. The ships were designed to accommodate three above water twin mounts for 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes, but only two mounts were fitted in British service.
Construction and career
The vessel was originally to have been named Ogre, but was renamed whilst under construction, on 15 February 1915. She was launched on 5 January 1916 and completed in May 1916.
She served with the 10th Destroyer Flotilla of the Grand Fleet from her completion. She was sunk on 1 June 1916 at the Battle of Jutland by the German battleship SMS Westfalen with the deaths of 90 crew members, and the surviving 13 became prisoners of war. The wrecksite is designated as a protected place under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986.
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