HMS Turbulent (1916)
|Builder:||Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne|
|Launched:||5 January 1916|
|Completed:||1 May 1916|
|Fate:||Sunk on 1 June 1916|
|Class and type:||Talisman-class destroyer|
|Displacement:||1,098 long tons (1,116 t)|
|Length:||309 ft (94 m) o/a|
|Beam:||28 ft 7 in (8.71 m)|
|Draught:||9 ft 6 in (2.90 m)|
|Propulsion:||3 Shafts; 3 steam turbines|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)|
The Talismans were designed by Armstrong Whitworth for the Ottoman Navy, but were sub-contracted to Hawthorn Leslie and Company for building. They displaced 1,098 long tons (1,116 t). The ships had an overall length of 309 feet (94.2 m), a beam of 28 feet 7 inches (8.7 m) and a draught of 9 feet 6 inches (2.9 m). They were powered by three Parsons direct-drive steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by three Yarrow boilers. The turbines developed a total of 25,000 shaft horsepower (19,000 kW) and gave a maximum speed of 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). The ships carried a maximum of 237 long tons (241 t) of fuel oil. The ships' complement was 102 officers and ratings.
The Talisman-class ships were heavily armed for their time, shipping five single QF 4-inch (102 mm) Mark IV guns. Two of the guns were side-by-side on the forecastle. The other guns were carried on the centreline; one between the first and second funnels, one after the searchlight platform and one on a bandstand on the quarterdeck. All the guns had half-shields. The ships were designed to accommodate three above water twin mounts for 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes, but only two mounts were fitted in British service.
Construction and career
The vessel was originally to have been named Ogre, but was renamed whilst under construction, on 15 February 1915. She was launched on 5 January 1916.
The ship served with the 10th Destroyer Flotilla of the Grand Fleet on completion. She was sunk on 1 June 1916 at the battle of Jutland by the German battleship, SMS Westfalen with the deaths of 90 crew members, and the surviving 13 became prisoners of war. The wrecksite is designated as a protected place under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986.
- Friedman, p. 143
- Gardiner & Gray, p. 78
- Friedman, p. 142
- Colledge, p. 647
- jtalarico (2016-05-13). "Battle Of Jutland Timeline". Retrieved 2016-06-26.
- Campbell, p. 338
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Campbell, John (1998). Jutland: An Analysis of the Fighting. New York: Lyons Press. ISBN 1-55821-759-2.
- Dittmar, F.J. & Colledge, J.J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allen. ISBN 0-7110-0380-7.
- Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9.
- Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
- Lenton, H. T. (1998). British & Empire Warships of the Second World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-048-7.
- SI 2008/0950 Designation under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986