Talk:Venus flytrap

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Talk:Venus Flytrap)
Jump to: navigation, search
WikiProject Carnivorous plants / Plants (Rated B-class, Top-importance)
WikiProject icon Venus flytrap is within the scope of WikiProject Carnivorous plants, an attempt to better organise information in articles related to carnivorous plants. For more information, visit the project page.
B-Class article B  This article has been rated as B-Class on the project's quality scale.
 Top  This article has been rated as Top-importance on the project's importance scale.
Taskforce icon
This article is supported by WikiProject Plants (marked as Mid-importance).
 

Cancer[edit]

While physicians, medical physicists and medical statisticians agree, or science demonstrates, that venus flytrap parts or extracts, among a whole host of other things, are not very effective at impeding or fighting cancers, there ought to be more information (instances of scandals perhaps) about how these parts or extracts are peddled as cures or as "better than" or "on par" with effective or accepted treatments. (I mention "accepted" because even the effectiveness, perhaps benefit, of accepted treatments can be debatable.) -- Lindberg 17:31, 23 September 2013 (UTC) — Preceding unsigned comment added by Lindberg G Williams Jr (talkcontribs)

The Venus Flytrap[edit]

It has been scientifically proven that it is found in the Rainforest. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Dr. Drdla Melvin (talkcontribs) 10:24, August 30, 2007 (UTC)

Q: In the article it says that the seeds "require stratification to germinate". I'm not an experienced grower myself but I have have spoken to some who are and they seem to agree that stratification is not neccesary. Can anyone back this claim? yes those things are very important to the cycle.


Q: The statement in this article "It's very rare that a trap will catch even three insects in its lifetime" refers to one leaf trap, or the entire plant? - AdunaicLayman

A: Statement applies to a single leaf. The plant's lifelime prey total can be quite large, depending on how many years it lives. Main article has been clarified. -Mr.Logic 15:45, Jun 23, 2005 (UTC)

Q: Statement made that the plant is found in limited range in the Carolinas, but the muskeg of southeastern Alaska contains a lot Venus flytraps. I'm not a botanist, but I've been there and looked. And have pictures. 98.245.24.250 (talk) 17:40, 14 October 2010 (UTC)Ruas

As far as I can tell, the plants you've seen in Alaska are introduced, but I can't find out when or why. They have also been deliberately introduced to bogs in Florida, California, and Washington. They are not native, though. Rkitko (talk) 21:17, 14 October 2010 (UTC)

Whose genitalia?[edit]

In the opening paragraph, it says:

The plant's name refers to Venus, the Roman goddess of love, after an apparent similiarity between the plant's leaves and the male genitalia, and the plant's behavior, luring the unsuspecting to their deaths.

Should this be changed to say that the leaves are similar to female genitalia?Pkeck 16:36, 31 Jan 2005 (UTC)

yes, female. but more than just the physical appearance, the plant was named named at a time when women were considered "temptresses". see

http://science.howstuffworks.com/venus-flytrap1.htm for one such mention, search the web for more.

Snaring secrets of Venus flytrap revealed[edit]

Interesting information which could be incorporated. —Christiaan 21:54, 3 Feb 2005 (UTC)

== Huh? ==i dont get it what does it eat? The first paragraph says, A common US name for the plant is tipitiwitchet. I have never heard this name used before. Is this a regional thing? If so, what region? Or am I just lacking in knowledge on this issue? --Adun 04:18, Jun 19, 2005 (UTC)

I've never heard it. It sounds British to me, although I am not sure. I live in the Midwest, where many strange names come from (like bubbler), and I've never heard it said. So I'm removing it. --WikiFan04Talk 20:28, 21 Aug 2005 (CDT)

well its native to North and South Carolina so odds are its a Carolina thing. I can't imagine such a particular common name arising anywhere else (i.e. where its not native) Jasongetsdown 21:59, 26 October 2005 (UTC)


"Tipitiwitchet" explanation here: [1] or rather here you mean: http://www.sarracenia.com/faq/faq2880.html — Preceding unsigned comment added by 178.191.252.228 (talk) 05:35, 3 March 2013 (UTC)

w/c[edit]

in the Philippines' famous comic Darna w/c is used by the villain Flaviana turning Venus flytraps into a big monster as her defense.

What does w/c mean? Bill52270 01:46, 13 September 2005 (UTC)

I have no idea either. Someone needs to answer this! Vimescarrot 16:47, 13 January 2006 (UTC)


"Tipitiwitchet" explaination here: [2]

What happened?[edit]

Someone has edited Venus flytrap, by changing, erasing, and writing about the Man's Happy Place! -- Hurricane Devon (Talk) 18:32, 9 October 2005 (UTC)

Just another unimpressive vandalism attempt. Properly & quickly reverted. Mr.Logic 18:35, 10 October 2005 (UTC)

Family Dionaeceae[edit]

I read that scientists put the Venus flytrap in a new family named Dionaeceae. -- Hurricane Devon (Talk) 13:46, 12 October 2005 (UTC)

It's Dionaeaceae. This family is not recommended by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. Dionaea, Aldrovanda, Drosera and Drosophyllum have all been placed in monogeneric families at one point or another, but only the Drosophyllaceae is currently recommended, as it seems more closely related to the Dioncophyllaceae than to the rest of the Droseraceae. The Droseraceae (minus Drosophyllum) appears to be monophyletic, and hardly merits splitting into three families, given that two would contain just one species. polypompholyx 16:57, 12 October 2005 (UTC)

The goddess Venus & her job description[edit]

User:Methegreat did an edit claiming "Venus (Aphrodite) has nothing to do with plant life." I beg to differ, as does Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9075054?tocId=9075054 Venus was originally associated with fields & gardens, only later taking on the additional job description of love. If she isn't associated with plants, the name "Venus' Flytrap" makes no sense at all. -Mr.Logic 20:18, 26 January 2006 (UTC)

I always heard the name had nothing to do with the goddess Venus. Instead, it was called a "Venus fly-trap" because it looked so bizarre it must have come from the planet Venus. I can't remember, though, where I read this.Rt66lt 23:20, 6 February 2006 (UTC)

There's some information on where the Venus flytrap got it's name from here ... How did the Venus flytrap get it's nameWomblina 01:40, 4 November 2007 (UTC)

Rewrite[edit]

I have just rewritten the article so it flows better and doesn't constantly repeat and contradict itself. I have removed any unsubstantiated claims and added a few journal references. If anyone wants to add anything new, it'd be a lot more useful to expand the habitat section than to add yet another popular culture reference! The old article had more information about manga comics than about botany... polypompholyx 12:00, 8 February 2006 (UTC)

Bravo! You very bold to attempt a total re-write, and I was sceptical when it popped up in my watch list. I was greatly pleased & surprised at the quality of the result. (Featured article, anyone?) I noticed how you preserved the consisus wording from the various quibbles in recent history.
I do have one complaint - in the revision, you introduced a statment about how the plant evolved. I don't think we want to introduce an ID vs Evolution war here, especially when that statment could easily be made more NPOV.
Good work!
-Mr.Logic 14:06, 8 February 2006 (UTC)
It's not really a total rewrite: a lot of it was just rejigging what was already there and making it more coherent. I recently had a whinge on the talk page for Carnivorous plant - an article that I wrote almost entirely from scratch, but which has since only accumulated ill-written cruft and a few extra commas. I thought that if I'm prepared to whinge, I ought at least be prepared to fix other pages I find important! I don't think it's anywhere near good enough for a featured article: it needs a lot more work, particularly on habitat/distribution and ecology (see the WikiProject TreeOfLife 'template' at Ragwort).
I don't think the statement about the evolution of the plant is contentious. There's a vast tract on evolution in the carnivorous plant article that has never attracted the attentions of the ID crowd. The day that the word 'evolved' becomes construed as POV by the Wikipedia community, is the day I leave.
polypompholyx 15:24, 8 February 2006 (UTC)

Pop culture[edit]

This is a plea for authors to think twice about adding anything else to the pop-culture section. It's already over-long and rambling: does anyone really want to know that something vaguely resembling a VFT had a bit-part in an episode of an obscure cartoon in 1989? There are much more important and encyclopaedic things that could be added, such as more detail of the plant's ecology and conservation status, etc. I am mightily tempted to leave the reference to Audrey in, and shunt the rest of it off to List of cameo appearances by Venus flytraps in cartoons or similar… polypompholyx 10:48, 26 February 2006 (UTC)

While I agree that items in this section should make extensive use of venus flytraps (i.e. main characters such as in LSoH, primary supporting characters, main obstacles or guest characters for a given episode, and so on, rather than just one-time appearances as minor obstacles in single episodes, etc), I also think that specifically including LSoH and ignoring other media would be an expression of POV, i.e. stating between the lines that LSoH, either by virtue of being a major Hollywood motion picture or an American production or whatnot, was somehow more important than other appearances and thus worthy of mention when others were not.
I guess what I'm saying is tread carefully, here.67.169.63.116 07:14, 21 October 2006 (UTC)
So, there used to be a pop culture section. What's happened to it? DanielZazula (talk) 19:59, 4 November 2012 (UTC)
The parts that weren't long, long, long trivial trivia lists of cartoon carnivorous plants were very poorly written, so the whole section was deemed unnecessary and then deleted.--Mr Fink (talk) 20:23, 4 November 2012 (UTC)

Family Dionaeceae[edit]

I have some images I took of my VFT closing in on a housefly. If these are useful, I would be glad to post them here with appropriate guidance on the formating, etc. You can see the images here: http://photobucket.com/albums/f326/ebeyonder/

Some nonsense some guy told me down the pub?[edit]

I was chatting to a friend who said there is a theory that the Venus Flytrap, being monotypic and thus unrelated to any other plant originated from an extraterrestial source. That the plant was discovered in and around a large meteorite crater. Does this theory exist?→

Although the genus Dionaea is monotypic, there are other genera in the family. In other words, there are other plants that are relatively closely related, such as the sundews ''Drosera'' and Waterwheel plants ''Aldrovanda''. That being said, there has been some speculation that past meteors in the Carolinas were the source of the radiation that allowed the Venus Flytrap to mutate and evolve from its ancestors. I don't know if this hypothesis is anything beyond speculation, though. Either way, the plant is not thought to be extraterrestrial. Hope that helps! --NoahElhardt 22:56, 18 October 2006 (UTC)
You mean it's not from Venus? ;) -Will Beback 21:00, 19 October 2006 (UTC)



I have read this exact same thing. Apparantly they grow in only one area naturally (as wiki shows). This is a 100 or so mile region surrounding a meteor crater...creepy eh?!

Double-click trigger hairs...[edit]

"The trigger hairs must be touched twice in quick succession (which prevents non-prey stimuli such as raindrops from triggering the trap)..."

Hmm, might all venus flytraps potentially have to pay royalties to Microsoft for using the Double-click technology? *snicker*

Heh, if the plants had any money, Microsoft might have a patent infringment lawsuit coming their way. I think the plants developed the technology first! --NoahElhardt 14:18, 21 October 2006 (UTC)
It's a form of summation, for the Ca2+ to cause the action potential the depolarisation due to some Ca2+ must reach a threshold level. Triggering a hair causes Ca2+ to "leak" in, but you must do it several times in a short enough time that the Ca2+ wont be pumped back out again for it to reach the threshold and cause a action potential. Triggering the same hair several times would be like temporal summation triggering another hair would be spacial summation, but these usually apply to neurons and I assume each hair acts as a neuron, I'll do some research into the biology of the trap before adding the above. Wolfmankurd 14:10, 23 June 2007 (UTC)

Fire[edit]

Please add a mention of the fact that Dionaea muscipula is fire-tolerant and fire-dependent. It depends on fire to control larger plants that would otherwise outcompete it. Carlaclaws 22:29, 30 November 2006 (UTC)

Very obvious question: Do you have any sources for this claim?

Sorry, thought I posted these:

"The growth form of Dionaea as a rosette with leaves close to the ground makes this plant less competitive against grasses and shrubs. Following fire, Dionaea may be highly abundant for 3–5 years until shrubs and monocotyledonous plants overtop the small rosette plants. Thus this species is restricted to early successional stages after fire (Roberts and Oosting, 1958)"-Quantification of insect nitrogen utilization by the venus fly trap Dionaea muscipula catching prey with highly variable isotope signatures, W. Schulze, E.D. Schulze, I. Schulze, and R. Oren, Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 52, No. 358, pp. 1041-1049, May 1, 2001 © 2001 Oxford University Press (available online at [[3]]

Also:

"The ecosystem that supports Venus flytraps experiences frequent fires that clear out competing plants and volatilize nitrogen in the soil. Hence, Venus flytraps have a corner on the nitrogen market immediately following fire, when they obtain three quarters of their nitrogen supply from insect prey. If fire does not reoccur within 10 years, however, competition with other plants restricts the Venus flytrap’s access to light and insects, and populations begin to decline."-Lissa Leege, Asst. Professor of Biology, Georgia Southern University, Scientific American, December 2002. Carlaclaws 21:13, 3 January 2007 (UTC)

Live Journal[edit]

WIKIPEDIA IS NOT A WEB DIRECTORY

I deleted the link to the "Venus Fly Trap Photo Blog" It's a Live Journal that is rarely updated. The blog is more about the author's personal problems (and consequent apologizing for sporadic/shitty updates) than it is about the plants, the horticulture. Also, "photo blog" is laughable. 99% of the photos in this blog are so tiny, they are utterly useless (I'm talking 100x100 LJ icon size here!).

"Huge, colorful gallery" ????? LMAO , WHERE? There's nothing there, and even if there were, it's nothing that can't be found with a google search.

Did anyone actually READ this blog before submitting it to wikipedia? Outrageous.

I can't imagine how this crappy little LiveJournal made it into the external links for an encyclopedia article (maybe the author being a cute asian girl has something to do with it, eh?) but this is a real joke. I removed the link. I sincerely doubt anyone can provide a good argument as to why this crappy link should be included in the article. Wikipedia is not a web directory, and this Live Journal link CANNOT be taken seriously as a reference or useful external link. It's utterly useless.

While I partially agree with the sentiment (ie: it's not an appropriate link re: WP:EL) - it's not really appropriate to discuss it in the fashion you have. I'd respectfully suggest that reading WP:CIVIL and WP:NPOV may be beneficial. MidgleyDJ 22:09, 3 January 2007 (UTC)

I think these traps are sexy because thay trap flys as so do men have sex with Wemen, come on babY!!!

Investigation Calcium action potential[edit]

I don't know if anyones interested but to test the calcium action potential thing I poked a trap in the rib away from the visible trigger hairs at the edge, then dipped the needle in "snail strong" Which contains Ca2+ ions, both times just about scratching the surface and on the second one it partially closed. Then to test it further I put a drop of snail strong on another trap and scratched the mid rib again resulting in closure this time faster than normal. Is this because of the poking or the calcium? Wolfmankurd 14:40, 19 June 2007 (UTC)

Poking the midrib shouldn't trigger the trap unless you are also touching the trigger hairs. You could test this by poking the midrib again, this time without the Calcium, to check for that variable. Interesting experiment! Keep in mind, however, that this talk page is meant to discuss the article itself rather than its subject matter. For discussion with other folks out there interested in venus fly traps, try www.terraforums.com or www.cpukforums.com. --NoahElhardt 18:06, 19 June 2007 (UTC)
Okay thanks :) Wolfmankurd 18:38, 19 June 2007 (UTC)

Evolution[edit]

I note the comments above under "Rewrite" and I do feel the article needs some information on how this plant evolved and from what. Or if proof exists that "God" created it one day, then that can go in too :0) BTW, I bought one to help solve a temporary fly problem here (no, not with my trousers) and after only a few days it has five ex-flies in its bellies. EdX20 00:27, 16 July 2007 (UTC)

I was going to ask the same thing. It's hard to imagine what kind of advantage a half-evolved flytrap would have. Did this evolve out of another carnivorous plant, or from scratch? It seems like it would already need the ability to produce digestive enzymes for the trap to provide any kind of evolutionary advantage. Any information on this topic? 72.75.27.194 (talk) 22:47, 25 February 2008 (UTC)

Referring to the "half evolved flytrap", perhaps this would explain a little? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protocarnivorous_plant —Preceding unsigned comment added by 76.119.108.223 (talk) 10:31, 8 July 2010 (UTC)

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02935.x/abstract -- This is a paper dealing with Venus Flytrap evolution. Just as a reference when this article is unprotected. MosheZadka (talk) 22:50, 11 August 2010 (UTC)

References[edit]

A new website about Dionaea has been made ... flytrapgrowing.info. There are comments about it here and here.

Conveniently it has short articles which I have used as appropriate references on this page where there were none before. There's probably some other useful articles on there which could be added as references to the Wiki page too.

Woops, I forgot to log in last time!Womblina 01:27, 3 November 2007 (UTC) It also seems that my addition of references wasn't appreciated :( Apparently they aren't 'reliable'. But I assumed that a slightly unreliable reference was better than no reference at all. Anyone with the same opinion as me? Or am I on my own :(Womblina 01:27, 3 November 2007 (UTC)

dione[edit]

I am sorry but I am quite sure that the name Dionea doesn't come from Diana but from the name of the mother of Aphrodite/Venus, Dione. It is also true that these two names have the same etymology. To be clearer, Aphrodite and Dione could be synonymous --90.28.170.58 (talk) 00:55, 27 February 2008 (UTC)

Venus flytrap[edit]

how long does the venus flytrap live for???? i need to know!

Wikipedia is not here to answer questions, but the reference desk is. WLU (talk) 18:17, 18 March 2008 (UTC)

i've never seen 1 older than 4 yrs

Etymology[edit]

Why is there no section on the etymology of "Venus flytrap"? From the above discussions, it appears there are differing theories. This would be an interesting and relevant section. 140.142.199.76 (talk) 19:43, 4 October 2008 (UTC)

rewrite[edit]

In the habitat section, I removed the statement that said the Venus fly trap was the state flower of South Carolina. This is incorrect, the state flower of SC is the yellow Jessamine.Pprohas (talk) 01:56, 14 April 2009 (UTC)

Hydrogen ions vs protons[edit]

"Hydrogen ion is recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry as a general term for all ions of hydrogen and its isotopes" - see Hydrogen ion. A Google search reveals that considerably more botanical articles use ions and ion flux in preference to protons. H+ denotes the provenance of the ion as being from Hydrogen, whereas proton is a sort of Deus ex machina with no hint as to where it originated. Rotational (talk) 08:15, 4 July 2009 (UTC)

Since your edit clarified which hydrogen ion it is, I'm fine with this edit. Just to be clear, though, in the realm of pH research, it is understood that "proton" = 1H+, since there is no other source of protons. For example, we commonly call some ATPases proton pumps, not "hydrogen ion pumps". --Rkitko (talk) 12:38, 4 July 2009 (UTC)

Lifetime[edit]

Does anyone actually have a confirmed estimated lifetime that can be added to the wiki? My own VFT has been alive for over two years, flowered twice and yet to go through a 'winter dormancy period' since I purchased it which is apparently quite impressive. I doubt I can use it as a reference though... --78.149.139.71 (talk) 21:35, 10 August 2009 (UTC)

Peter D'Amato's book, The Savage Garden, notes that they take 4-5 years to reach maturity from seed and can live for 20 to 30 years. This is also what I've heard from other professionals in the field. I'll add that into the article. --Rkitko (talk) 21:58, 10 August 2009 (UTC)

Venus Flytraps that glow in the dark?[edit]

Are there any Venus Flytraps whose inner leaves glow in the dark? Dexter Nextnumber (talk) 05:03, 18 March 2010 (UTC)

No. And as far as I know, no one's reported if they fluoresce under UV light, but I don't suspect they would. Rkitko (talk) 12:14, 18 March 2010 (UTC)
I don't know either way, but I wouldn't be surprised if they did show strong patterning under UV, due to UV pigments (reflective rather than fluorescent). This is so common in flowers that it would be interesting, but unsurprising, to find it here too. What do flytraps eat in the wild? Do those food insects feed by sight (e.g. flowers) or by small (e.g. carrion or blood)? This warrants research - it would be a good addition to the article, either way (or maybe I've just been reading too many comparative evolutionary anatomy books this week). Andy Dingley (talk) 12:42, 18 March 2010 (UTC)
Chlorophyll fluoresces red under UV, but it's nothing dramatic. And that of course isn't unique to Dionaea. It's best observed under the microscope. --♦♦♦Vlmastra♦♦♦ (talk) 17:45, 25 December 2010 (UTC)

Wars[edit]

I wish someone with edit rights would fix the bit about their conservation being challenged by "full scale wars." Last was in the Carolinas was the Civil war, and I'm pretty sure there's no citations about how flytraps fared during it. 96.11.217.244 (talk) 20:22, 6 June 2010 (UTC)Ubiquitousnewt

Actually, I believe you were misreading that bit, which I agree was poorly worded and irrelevant. It was speaking about ex-situ conservation and used the example of social instability (like wars) as a factor for the long-term survival of the species. I don't think the passage was directly referring to wars in the Carolinas or specifically in reference to this species, which is why it's best that you removed it. Rkitko (talk) 21:33, 6 June 2010 (UTC)

Question[edit]

Why isn't this page titled according to the Latin? I haven't been on here in a while, but my imperfect recollection tells me the rule for plants on Wikipedia was that they should be titled by their Latin name. Dionaea isn't really a huge economic crop like cassava, for instance.--♦♦♦Vlmastra♦♦♦ (talk) 17:37, 25 December 2010 (UTC)

Edit request from Tomekeeper, 10 June 2011[edit]

A sentence under the heading "Evolution" currently reads, "Their carnivorous traps were evolutionarily selected for to allow these organisms to survive their harsh environments." It should be reworded at "for to" by whomever can do so, presumably simply omitting the "for". Tomekeeper (talk) 17:17, 10 June 2011 (UTC)

Done Thanks - Happysailor (Talk) 19:01, 10 June 2011 (UTC)


Prey[edit]

The section on "Prey Selectivity" is really inaccurate - the source reference has been misread or misunderstood. Will someone correct this? e.g. carnivorous plants do NOT select their prey - they trap and / or digest whatever triggers their specific capture and digestion mechanisms. Trapping structures have evolved to be particularly suited to certain sizes of prey found in their specific habitats, but the prey types (species) can be incredibly varied. So, Venus fly traps have evolved a mechanism which favours prey of certain sizes, but the optimum prey size depends entirely on the size of the specific trap. Also, its a bit oxymoronic to state that they select "specific" prey types, and then list their prey as actually being very broad (grasshoppers, beetles, spiders, the very unspecific category "flying insects", and ants). Note also that the source gives these categories as totalling just 83% of Dionea prey items. That leaves 17%, which can inlude any creature that blunders onto a trap surface - which must include any of the molluscs, myriapods, annelids, crustaceans, flatowrms, and even small amphibians and reptiles that share Dionea's habitat. If I can be given edit access I will be happy correct this section to better reflect the facts. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 194.46.165.97 (talk) 21:44, 11 February 2012 (UTC)

animated gif made faster[edit]

It's just a very small adjustment in the File:Dionaea_muscipula_growth_time-lapse
I made it go faster File:Dionaea_muscipula_growth_time-lapse_faster.gif

I can not change it because the page is locked — Preceding unsigned comment added by Naberacka (talkcontribs) 00:14, 25 November 2012 (UTC)

stochiastic[edit]

the article says stochiastic reasons - this is not easy to understand. oerhaps a link to stochiastic processes could be provided OR if more appropriate the relevant evolution / stochiastic article in wikipedia. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 178.191.252.228 (talk) 05:41, 3 March 2013 (UTC)

"Most recent common ancestor"[edit]

This article says the flytrap and another plant do in fact share a most recent common ancestor.

...that doesn't mean anything. Any two life forms have a most recent common ancestor. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 77.105.194.67 (talk) 00:01, 30 March 2013 (UTC)

Did you actually read the section about the flytrap and Aldrovanda?--Mr Fink (talk) 00:04, 30 March 2013 (UTC)

Semi-protected edit request on 7 July 2014[edit]

Xandercom (talk) 06:51, 7 July 2014 (UTC)

File:Http://s2.postimg.org/4351887mh/venus.jpg
Venus Fly Trap unusually displaying a smaller trap within the larger trap

As a keen horticulturist with particular interest in Dionaea muscipula (venus fly trap) since childhood I have been fortunate enough to whiteness a natural mutation in a crop I own in which a second smaller trap has formed within a larger trap, essentially a mouth with another mouth inside it. It is a most interesting first hand experience of natural selection through random mutation and appropriate to the "evolution" section of this article. I can find no other instances of this occurrence in on-line offline documentation, and as such I would like for it to be documented in this article for reference in any future or past instances. My name is Xander David-Hugh of Brighton, UK. I'm unfamiliar with the correct format for such an entry into this article, and would be grateful for a more senior site contributor to appropriately format this addendum to the evolution section if at all possible. I've also uploaded and linked an image. Kindest regards, and many thanks in advance of your help in assisting my contribution


Xander D Hugh

Hi, (I've taken the liberty of slightly editing your text above). There is a practical limit to the number of images that can be used on a wikipedia page, particularly because people want to be able to view it on small devices such as mobile phones, so the place for galleries of images is at https://commons.wikimedia.org/ (See also WP:NOTGALLERY.) On this page there is a link near the bottom like this:
and if you click on that, and then go to the bottom of that page and click on the category Dionaea muscipula, you'll get to even more images, a multitude of them. Can you upload your image to Commons? If you need help doing that, please ask at my talk page. Sminthopsis84 (talk) 12:52, 7 July 2014 (UTC)

Semi-protected edit request on 31 August 2014[edit]

There is a lot of lack of information in The classifications of Venus Fly Trap. If you could kindly put the Phyla Of The Venus Fly traps as "Tracheophyta" The class as "Magnoliopsida" and the subclass as "Dilleniidae"

So the Format is like this Kingdom: Plantae Phyla: Tracheophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Subclass: Dilleniidae Order: Nepenthales Family: Droseraceae Salisb Genus: Dionaea Species: muscipula Scientific name: Dionaea Muscipula

I really hope you can approve the changes im suggesting

Thank you for whom it may concern

Jayce03 (talk) 04:44, 31 August 2014 (UTC)

No, the classification you suggest is extremely outdated. We use the APG III system of classification. Rkitko (talk) 13:37, 31 August 2014 (UTC)

Semi-protected edit request on 7 September 2014[edit]

Hi. I completely respect your decision of denying my request. But my point here is students do not actually need the new kind of taxonomy/classification. Mostly the professors and the teachers prefer the students to find the older kind of taxonomy. And I could tell its a pain if sometimes the information is not found at the Wikipedia or the information is incomplete. I'm not expecting you to make the changes. But I'm just saying the needs of the majority. Thank you.

For whom it may concern.

Jayce03 (talk) 06:04, 7 September 2014 (UTC)

Students most certainly do need exposure to the new classification. The Cronquist system is seriously out of date; most of the higher taxa he proposed are now known to be polyphyletic or paraphyletic because we have access to molecular data. Clinging to an outdated system isn't wise. Other databases and websites are transitioning to APG III, as well. The Cronquist system will fade away, much like the Takhtajan system has. Our decision to update our classification in the taxobox was made by consensus and, last time I checked, nearly all of our articles are presented this way. Rkitko (talk) 11:51, 7 September 2014 (UTC)

Three Suggestions to Evolution Section. 29 September 2014[edit]

It can be added to the Evolution section that there are six origins of carnivory itself among the different groups of angiosperms, and that carnivory and stereotyped trap forms have arisen independently among different lineages of angiosperms. Also, it was found that flypaper traps share close common ancestry with all other trap forms. [1]

Also, this section... "The model proposes that plant carnivory by snap-trap evolved from the flypaper traps driven by increasing prey size. Bigger prey provides higher nutritional value, but large insects can easily escape the sticky mucilage of flypaper traps; the evolution of snap-traps would prevent escape and kleptoparasitism (theft of prey captured by the plant before it can derive benefit from it), and would also permit a more complete digestion.[20][21]" is not specifically correct as the experiment done by John Hutchens and James Luken found that there is no effect of trap size in relation to prey capture success and that the prey capture is opportunistic rather than selective. Therefore, the model that larger prey means more nutrition and thus larger traps would evolve, would not be correct in this evolutionary aspect. [2]

Thirdly, it can be added that the nerve-like sensory system of the Venus Fly-trap evolved about 135 million years ago in the Cretaceous period. Also, the Venus Fly-trap has an active steel trap, like that of "Aldrovandra", the water wheel plant. [3] Saridakis.5 (talk) 19:33, 29 September 2014 (UTC)

Three Suggestions to this page. 30 September 2014[edit]

Three ways this page could be improved are to talk about how the organism’s trap attracts and lures prey into its trap, to talk about and expand on how the plant developed a carnivorous trap in the first place, and to talk about what nutrients exactly the plant gains from digesting insects specifically that it could not acquire by other means Houchens.9 (talk) 18:18, 30 September 2014 (UTC)Willie Houchens

Semi-protected edit request on 2 October 2014[edit]

Please include in the evolution section of the article how the Venus flytrap attracts its prey to its carnivorous leaves. The following article I believe addresses this topic.

Jurgens, A.; El-Sayed, A.M.; and Suckling, D.M. “Do carnivorous plants use volatiles for attracting prey insects?” Functional Ecology. Published 18, Sept 2009. Accessed 14, Sept. 2014. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2009.01626.x/full Houchens.9 (talk) 02:10, 2 October 2014 (UTC)Willie Houchens Houchens.9 (talk) 02:10, 2 October 2014 (UTC)

Red information icon with gradient background.svg Not done: I'm not sure if the reference provided is reliable. Nevertheless, please discuss and gain consensus for this alteration.  LeoFrank  Talk 09:41, 3 October 2014 (UTC)

Thank you for your feedback Leo, I will do what I can to get on that Houchens.9 (talk) 03:49, 15 October 2014 (UTC)Willie Houchens

Edits 11/14/14[edit]

It can be added to the proposed evolutionary history: Due to recent research on the protein composition and DNA sequences, the Venus Fly Trap has been found to have proteins that are categorized as pathogenesis related proteins, suggesting that the plant's digestive system has evolved from defense-related processes [4]. During the evolution of carnivory in plants, there was likely a shift from a pathogen related response to a prey related response, and thus a shift from the hydrolysis and destruction of the pathogen to the hydrolysis and digestion of the prey [5]. It can be seen that through evolutionary time, the plants shifted from defending against insects to preying on them in order to better benefit the plant. Receiving nutrients from the insects instead of expelling energy solely to defend against them can be seen as a beneficial and thus a positive selection property of carnivory. Overall, through the use of deep sequencing of the transcriptome and proteomic analyses, unique hydrolytic enzymes were found, along with a high proportion of pathogenesis related proteins, suggesting that the capability of carnivorous plants to digest prey evolved from a less complex plant defense system [6].

It can also be added to the evolution section that there is an opposing view of the evolution of the Venus Fly Trap. There is evidence that disagrees with the evolution of a larger trap length due solely to higher nutritional value from larger prey. It had been found that prey capture is opportunistic rather than selective and that there is no effect on trap size to prey capture success [7]. The evolution of trap size can be explained more simply that traps collect prey, whether large or small and since there are varying types of prey, larger ones are not necessarily more nutritious [8]. Saridakis.5 (talk) 20:51, 14 November 2014 (UTC)

Possible Edit[edit]

In the carnivory section, something like following could be inserted: In order for these traps to work, prey must actually come to them, a study in 2009 focused on how exactly carnivorous plants attract prey to its trap. This study concluded that it is possible that most carnivorous plants make use of a chemical substance in order to attract its prey. It also stated in the results of the study that the Venus flytrap emits a scent from its trap, even though it is relatively weak, in order to attract nectar-seeking insects from a close distance to feed on.

Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page without content in them (see the help page). Jurgens, A.; El-Sayed, A.M.; and Suckling, D.M. 2009. Do carnivorous plants use volatiles for attracting prey insects? Functional Ecology, Volume 23, Issue 5. Accessed 14, Sept. 2014.http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2009.01626.x/full

Houchens.9 (talk) 04:49, 18 November 2014 (UTC)Willie Houchens

Semi-protected edit request on 22 November 2014[edit]

Theft of naturally growing Venus Flytraps is now a felony offense in certain North Carolina counties. See [9]. User28412 (talk) 16:06, 22 November 2014 (UTC) User28412 (talk) 16:06, 22 November 2014 (UTC)

Red question icon with gradient background.svg Not done: it's not clear what changes you want to be made. Please mention the specific changes in a "change X to Y" format. — {{U|Technical 13}} (etc) 17:28, 23 November 2014 (UTC)

Minor Error[edit]

Hello -

I simply want to address a minor error in the text. Under the "Conservation" section, there is a sentence that reads, "As of December 1st. 2014, the theft of..." This should actually read, "As of December 1, 2014, the theft of..."

I apologize if I'm using the incorrect outlet for this. I am new to Wikipedia and do not know to whom or how to address this.

Thanks!

Linkspants (talk) 20:13, 1 January 2015 (UTC) Linkspants

Hello Linkspants! This was the perfect place to make that request, and I changed the date format for you (though I used 1 December 2014 because that seems to be more standard on Wikipedia). Howicus (Did I mess up?) 20:19, 1 January 2015 (UTC)
    • ^ Albert, V. A., Williams, S. E., & Chase, M. W. (January 01, 1992). Carnivorous plants: phylogeny and structural evolution. Science (new York, N.y.), 257, 5076, 1491-5.
    • ^ Hutchens, J. J. J., & Luken, J. O. (October 01, 2009). Prey capture in the Venus flytrap: collection or selection?. Botany, 87, 10.)
    • ^ Williams, S. E. (June 15, 1976). Comparative Sensory Physiology of the Droseraceae-The Evolution of a Plant Sensory System. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 120, 3, 187-204.
    • ^ Schulze, W. X., Sanggaard, K. W., Kreuzer, I., Knudsen, A. D., Bemm, F., Thøgersen, I. B., Bräutigam, A., ... Enghild, J. J. (January 01, 2012). The protein composition of the digestive fluid from the venus flytrap sheds light on prey digestion mechanisms. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics : Mcp, 11, 11, 1306-19.
    • ^ Schulze, W. X., Sanggaard, K. W., Kreuzer, I., Knudsen, A. D., Bemm, F., Thøgersen, I. B., Bräutigam, A., ... Enghild, J. J. (January 01, 2012). The protein composition of the digestive fluid from the venus flytrap sheds light on prey digestion mechanisms. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics : Mcp, 11, 11, 1306-19.
    • ^ Schulze, W. X., Sanggaard, K. W., Kreuzer, I., Knudsen, A. D., Bemm, F., Thøgersen, I. B., Bräutigam, A., ... Enghild, J. J. (January 01, 2012). The protein composition of the digestive fluid from the venus flytrap sheds light on prey digestion mechanisms. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics : Mcp, 11, 11, 1306-19.
    • ^ Hutchens, J. J. J., & Luken, J. O. (October 01, 2009). Prey capture in the Venus flytrap: collection or selection?. Botany, 87, 10.)
    • ^ Hutchens, J. J. J., & Luken, J. O. (October 01, 2009). Prey capture in the Venus flytrap: collection or selection?. Botany, 87, 10.)
    • ^ http://www.wect.com/story/26320766/stealing-venus-flytrap-plants-now-a-felony