Talk:Warm-glow giving

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What is the Alternative to Warm-Glow Giving?[edit]

71.173.91.253 (talk) 00:06, 28 July 2012 (UTC)

Dr. Branas-Garza's comment on this article[edit]

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Comment 1

After paragraph 1: Warm-glow giving is an economic phenomenon (…) the positive emotional feeling people get from helping others. we could ADD: This approach is quite similar to identity models (LINK to Identity wikipage).REF1

Ref1: Akerlof, George and Kranton, Rachel, "Economics and Identity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics CVX (3), August 2000, pp. 715–753. Aguiar, Fernando, Brañas-Garza, Pablo, Espinosa, Maria Paz, and Miller, Luis (2010). “Personal Identity: a theoretical and experimental analysis” Journal of Economic Methodology 17(3): 261-275.

Comment 2

After the end of paragraph 3 “Further research has demonstrated that the reward centers of the brain activate in response to charitable giving and helping others, suggesting physiological evidence for the warm-glow phenomenon.[4]“ we could ADD: Recent studies suggests that altruistic behavior might be heritable. Ref 2

Ref2: Cesarini David, Dawes Christopher T, Johannesson Magnus, Lichtenstein Paul, Wallace Bjorn (2009). “Genetic Variation in Preferences for Giving and Risk Taking”. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 2: 809–842. Brañas-Garza Pablo, Kovářík Jaromir, Neyse Levent (2013). “Second-to-Fourth Digit Ratio Has a Non-Monotonic Impact on Altruism” PLoS ONE 8(4): e60419.

Comment 3

See also section: add Dictator Game (wikipage)


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  • Reference : Pablo Branas-Garza & Jaromir Kovarik & Levent Neyse, 2013. "Second-to-Fourth Digit Ratio has a Non-Monotonic Impact on Altruism," Working Papers 13-09, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 19:51, 1 July 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Tonin's comment on this article[edit]

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It would be good to add that "warm-glow as a motive for giving has been used to explain the absence of complete crowding out of charitable donations, as would be predicted by giving motivated solely by purely altruistic motives (Andreoni and Payne, 2003).

Andreoni, James, and A. Abigail Payne. "Do government grants to private charities crowd out giving or fund-raising?." The American Economic Review 93.3 (2003): 792-812.


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  • Reference 1: Tonin, Mirco & Vlassopoulos, Michael, 2011. "An Experimental Investigation of Intrinsic Motivations for Giving," IZA Discussion Papers 5461, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Reference 2: Tonin, Mirco & Vlassopoulos, Michael, 2013. "Sharing One's Fortune? An Experimental Study on Earned Income and Giving," IZA Discussion Papers 7294, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 15:58, 24 August 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Nyborg's comment on this article[edit]

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I would replace the word "egoistic" (occurs twice) by "self-oriented". There is not necessarily a conflict between being morally motivated and being concerned about one's own contribution. See Brekke, K. A., S. Kverndokk, and K. Nyborg (2003): An Economic Model of Moral Motivation, Journal of Public Economics 87 (9-10), 1967-1983.


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  • Reference : Brekke, Kjell Arne & Hauge, Karen Evely & Lind, Jo Thori & Nyborg, Karine, 2009. "Playing with the Good Guys: A Public Good Game with Endogenous Group Formation," Memorandum 08/2009, Oslo University, Department of Economics.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 19:08, 30 August 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Jimenez's comment on this article[edit]

Dr. Jimenez has reviewed this Wikipedia page, and provided us with the following comments to improve its quality:


I would add a paragraph with the analysis developped in experimental economics to test the warm-glow hypothesis:

The first studies focused on the crowding out effect of private contributions by government expenditures as predicted by the pure altruism model. Andreoni (1993) and Bolton and Katok (1998) find that this effect is significant and on the order of 70%. On the contrary, Konow (2004) finds support for the impure altruism model.

Eckel et al. (2005) offer a direct test of the warm glow hypothesis. They find a significant crowding out effect under no fiscal illusion (subjects are aware that their endowments have been reduced to fund the third-party giving) and no crowding out under fiscal illusion. Those results are consistent with pure egoism and warm glow giving, respectively.

There are other studies which attempt to decompose giving in the two standard motivations: pure altruism and warm-glow. Palfrey and Prisbrey (1997) and Goeree et al. (2002) use modified public goods experiments to this aim. Nevertheless, those studies lead to different conclusions. While Palfrey and Prisbrey (1997) find strong evidence for the warm-glow motivation, Goeree et al. (2002) find a strong support for altruistic giving.

Finally, Crumpler and Grossman (2008) propose a smart experimental design such that the pure altruistic motivation may be ruled out as an explanation for donation. They find that donations are on average a 20% of initial endowments and that around 57% of participants make a donation. This imply an important effect of the warm-glow motivation on giving since in other similar studies on giving (Eckel and Grossman (1996) and Davis et al. (2005)), participants donate around 30-50% of their endowments.

References: Andreoni, J., (1993). An experimental test of the public-goods crowding-out hypothesis. American Economic Review 83, 1317–1327. Bolton, G.E., Katok, E., (1998). An experimental test of the crowding out hypothesis: the nature of beneficent behavior. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 37, 315–331. Davis, D.D., Millner, E.L., Reilly, R.J., (2005). Subsidy schemes and charitable contributions: a closer look. Experimental Economics 8, 85–106. Eckel, C.C., Grossman, P.J., (1996). Altruism in anonymous dictator games. Games and Economic Behavior 16, 181–191. Eckel, C.C., Grossman, P.J., Johnston, M.R., (2005). An experimental test of the crowding out hypothesis. Journal of Public Economics 89, 1543–1560. Goeree, J.K., Holt, C.A., Laury, S.K., (2002). Private costs and public benefits: unraveling the effects of altruism and noisy behavior. Journal of Public Economics 83, 255–276. Konow, J., (2010). Mixed Feelings: Theories of and Evidence on Giving. Journal of Public Economics 94, 279-297. Palfrey, T.R., Prisbrey, J.E., (1997). Anomalous behavior in public goods experiments: how much and why? American Economic Review 87, 829–846. Crumpler, H. and Grossman, P.H. (2008) An experimental test of warm glow giving. Journal of Public Economics 92, 1011–1021.


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  • Reference : Kovarik, Jaromir & Jimenez, Natalia & Ponti, Giovanni & Espinosa Alejos, Maria Paz & Branas Garza, Pablo & Cobo Reyes, Ramon, 2009. "Altruism and Social Integration," DFAEII Working Papers 2009-05, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 20:22, 24 September 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Ellingsen's comment on this article[edit]

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Warm-glow giving is an economic phenomenon described by James Andreoni in 1989 that attempts to explain why people give to charity by proposing that people engage in impure altruism.[1][2] Instead of being motivated solely by an interest in the welfare of the recipients of their largess, "warm-glow givers" also receive utility from the act of giving. This utility is in the form of warm glow—the positive emotional feeling people get from helping others.

Comment: First, I would delete the passage "by proposing that people engage in impure altruism." This passage uses one undefined concept (impure altruism) to explain another (warm glow). I would probably also replace "emotional feeling" by "emotion". Second, it seems to me that Andreoni nowadays uses the concept as a broad term for all kinds of motives that are not explicitly tied to the recipient, but Jim is better placed to make that call. Third, I think you might want to cite some of the evidence that best distinguishes altruism from warm glow, such as the work of Michael Vlassopoulos and Mirco Tonin in Journal of Public Economics, Volume:94, (11-12), 1086-1092.


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  • Reference : Dreber, Anna & Ellingsen, Tore & Johannesson, Magnus & Rand, David, 2011. "Do People Care about Social Context? Framing Effects in Dictator Games," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 738, Stockholm School of Economics.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 22:42, 24 September 2016 (UTC)