Tapton, Derbyshire

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Tapton
TaptonIC.jpg
Tapton Innovation Centre
Tapton is located in Derbyshire
Tapton
Tapton
Tapton shown within Derbyshire
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHESTERFIELD
Postcode district S41 0xx
Dialling code 01246
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°14′51″N 1°24′44″W / 53.247636°N 1.412128°W / 53.247636; -1.412128Coordinates: 53°14′51″N 1°24′44″W / 53.247636°N 1.412128°W / 53.247636; -1.412128

Tapton is a suburb of Chesterfield, in the county of Derbyshire, England. It is located along the Brimington Road B6543, between Chesterfield town centre, and Brimington(where the population is included in the Brimington South Ward). It became a suburb of Chesterfield as far back as the 1920s. The buildings along Brimington road, which runs through the centre of Tapton, are testament to this fact. Consisting of various semi-detached houses in a style typical of the 20s and 30s.

The village is also home to Tapton House, in Tapton Woods, the woods being the former grounds of the house, now a Municipal park.

Tapton Lock Visitor Centre is located on the Chesterfield Canal to the north of Tapton Park.[1]

History Of Tapton[edit]

Located in the grounds of the House, is a large mound or hill, once the moat, of Chesterfield Castle or Tapton Castle as it was sometimes also known. The castle at least dates as far back as the Norman Conquest[citation needed] and later fell into the hands of the Crown, becoming a Crown Fortress. During the English Civil War, the castle was raised to the ground, by Parliamentarian forces.[citation needed]

Tapton Hall, Chesterfield[edit]

"Tapton Hall, Derbyshire", 18th century engraving by J. Eastgate

Tapton Hall, Derbyshire (not to be confused with Tapton Hall, Sheffield). In 1638 the lordship of Tapton with a capital messuage known as Tapton Hall was sold by Durant Allsopp and Thomas Allsopp, gentlemen, also of Durant Hall, Holy Well Street, Chesterfield, to George Taylor (d.1668) of London, Vintner, with closes (fields) at Brimington with several other properties including Durant Hall.[2] Taylor left instructions in his will for the founding of alms houses, and 6 alms houses were duly erected in 1678 in Salter Gate, by his son-in-law Charles Scrimshire, as the inscription in the centre of the buildings attests.[3] It was inherited by Taylor's daughter and sole-heiress Esther Taylor, who married Sir Charles Scrimshire of Norbury in Staffordshire, Sheriff of Derbyshire in 1698.[4] It was then acquired in 1701, with Durant Hall, by Thomas Gladwin,[5] a member of the Gladwin family of Tupton Hall and descended via his co-heiress to the Clarke family and thence to the Cox family, and in 1746 was sold, with Durant Hall, and with the manor and lordship of Tapton, by William Coxe to Adam Slater of Chesterfield, apothecary.[6]

Tapton House and Castle[edit]

Tapton House is a large gentleman's residence, built in the Georgian Style of Red brick, located in the woods on Tapton Hill looking down on the Town of Chesterfield. Tapton House was once the home of English mechanical engineer George Stephenson who built the first public railway line in the world to use steam locomotives. In 1837 he arrived in Chesterfield, to undertake the construction of the Derby to Leeds railway (North Midland Line). As work continued George Stephenson, took up residence there. The House was bequeathed to the borough of Chesterfield on his death.

It was then converted into a school. In 1931, the first pupils passed through its doors as Tapton House Central Selective School. The school continued until 1993.[7]

Tapton House grounds are now used as the Tapton Park Innovation Centre which is open for free use to the general public. The House itself is currently the Higher Education Campus for Chesterfield College.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tapton Lock Visitor Centre - official website
  2. ^ Derbyshire Record Office D135/M/T/1 17 Feb 1637/8 [1] Bargain and sale by Durant Allsopp and Thomas Allsopp of Chesterfield, gents. to George Taylor of London, vintner, in consideration of £2,100, of the manor and lordship of Tapton, a capital messuage known as Tapton Hall, closes called the Croft, Broome Close, Woodclose, Woodmeadowe, Peaserclose, the Pingles, Little Coaterclose, Castleclose Pennyleyes, Little Lady Leys, Goulden Cliffes, 2 lands in Silverice, 1a in Balme Oak Close, closes called Ouldfields, 2 messuages and a close at Hill Topp, Brimington a cottage and 4a land in the Intake, a cottage and 1a land near Ouldfeilde, a cottage in Ouldfeilde, a cottage near Tapton Hall, and a cottage and garden in the Blakepitte, with a capital messuage at Chesterfield known as Durant Hall with closes known as Crofte and Durant Meadowe
  3. ^ Hall, Rev. George, History of Chesterfield, 1839, p.273
  4. ^ Betham, William, Baronetage of England, 1805,vol.5, re Milnes, Taylor, Scrimshire pedigree [1]
  5. ^ Derbyshire Archives D135/M/E/4 "Articles of agreement between Sir Charles Skrymsher and Thomas Gladwin for the sale to Gladwin of Tapton Hall etc. Date 30 September 1701 [2]
  6. ^ Derbyshire Archives D135/M/T/21-22 "Lease and release by William Coxe to Adam Slater of Chesterfield, apothecary and surgeon, in consideration of £2000, of the manor and lordship of Tapton - Tapton Hall and 80 acres of land - Durant Hall and 30 acres of land - a messuage and 4 acres of land in Chesterfield. Date 8 May 1746 [3]
  7. ^ http://www.oldtaptonians.co.uk/
  8. ^ http://www.tapton.co.uk

External links[edit]