|Country||Kingdom of Great Britain|
|Owner||Lord Archibald Hamilton|
|St Leger Stakes (1792)|
Tartar (later named Toy, foaled 1789) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1792. One of the smallest horses to win a classic, he won the St Leger on his racecourse debut in September 1792. He won twice in the following season before racing without success in 1794.
Tartar was a chestnut horse standing 14.1 hands high, foaled in 1789. He was sired by Florizel a successful racehorse whose other offspring included The Derby winners Diomed and Eager as well as the St Leger winner Ninety-three. Tartar was the sixth of eight foals produced by the Duke of Cumberland's mare Ruth.
The name Tartar had previously been used for several other horses in the 18th century. The most notable was a Yorkshire-bred racehorse who sired Herod and was therefore the paternal great-grandsire of the St Leger winner who shared his name.
1792: three-year-old season
Until 1913, there was no requirement for British racehorses to have official names, and the horse who later became known as Tartar competed in 1792 as Ld A. Hamilton's ch. c. by Florizel out of Ruth.
There is no record of Hamilton's colt competing in public until the autumn of 1792. The St Leger, run over two miles at Doncaster Racecourse on 25 September attracted a field of eight colts and three fillies. Mr Wentworth's colt Ormond, Sir Frank Standish's Kit Carr and an unnamed colt owned by John Hutchinson led the betting at odds of 3/1 with Hamilton's colt starting a 25/1 outsider. Ridden by his trainer, John Mangle, the nameless colt won the classic from the filly Skypeeper with Adonis in third place.
1793: four-year-old season
Before the start of the 1793, season the St Leger winner was sold and entered the ownership of Mr L. Jewison. He was still without an official name when he made his first appearance as a four-year-old at Newcastle-under-Lyme Racecourse on 2 July. Jewison's chestnut colt by Florizel contested a £50 race run in a series of four-mile heats with the prize going to the first horse to win twice. He won the first heat from Ruby and Highland Lass, and took the win when both his opponents were withdrawn from the second heat. On the following day Jewison's colt finished third in the first heat of another £50 race, but won the next two heats to win the prize from Virgin and Young Eclipse. On 20 August, Jewison's colt appeared as Tartar for the first and only time in a race at York. This was a "give and take" race in which horses were given a weight based on their height. Tartar, whose height was given as 14 hands 1 inch, started the 6/4 favourite but was withdrawn after finishing second in the first heat. Tartar's last race recorded race of 1793 was at Boroughbridge Racecourse on 2 October. He finished second, fourth and fifth in three heats of a £50 race won by Alexina.
1794: five-year-old season
On 13 June 1794 at Manchester Racecourse, Mr Thompson's five-year-old chestnut horse Toy finished second to Minimus in the first heat of an £80 race. According to the 1794 Racing Calendar, Toy was the horse formerly known as Tartar.
|Young Cartouch mare||Young Cartouch|
|The Ruby Mare|
|Blank mare||Blank||Godolphin Arabian|
- Tartar was inbred 4 x 4 to the Godolphin Arabian, meaning that this stallions appears twice in the fourth generation of his pedigree.
- William Pick (1805). The turf register, and sportsman & breeder's stud-book. A Bartholoman. p. 522. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- "King Herod". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2013-04-04.
- Morris, Tony; Randall, John (1990). Horse Racing: Records, Facts, Champions(Third Edition). Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-902-1.
- James Weatherby (1793). Racing calendar. 1792. H Reynell. p. 115. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- Sporting magazine (Apr. -Sept. 1793). J Wheble. 1793. p. 41. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- Sporting magazine (Apr. -Sept. 1793). J Wheble. 1793. p. 26. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- Sporting magazine (Oct. 1793-Mar. 1794). J Wheble. 1794. p. 15. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- Edward and James Weatherby (1795). Racing calendar. 1794. H Reynell. p. 34. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- Edward and James Weatherby (1795). Racing calendar. 1794. H Reynell. p. 318. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
- Logan, John Alexander (1897). In joyful russia. Russia: D. Appleton and company. p. 213.