Tarutyns'kyj steppe

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Tarutyns'kyj steppe (landscape preserve)
Ukrainian: Тарутинський степ (ландшафтний заказник)
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Випас худоби в Тарутинському степу.jpg
Grazing cattle at Tarutyns'kyj steppe
Map showing the location of Tarutyns'kyj steppe (landscape preserve)
Map showing the location of Tarutyns'kyj steppe (landscape preserve)
Location of Reserve
LocationTarutyne Raion, Odessa Oblast, Ukraine
Coordinates46°15′39″N 29°26′26″E / 46.26083°N 29.44056°E / 46.26083; 29.44056Coordinates: 46°15′39″N 29°26′26″E / 46.26083°N 29.44056°E / 46.26083; 29.44056
Area5200 ha

The Tarutyns'kyj steppe is a protected landscape located in Tarutyne Raion, Odessa Oblast, Ukraine. It is one of the largest preserved steppe fragments in Ukraine, and of significant local importance.

Location[edit]

The Tarutyns'kyj steppe is located in the Odessa Oblast in the territory of Veselodolyns'ka village council. It is administered by the Veselodolyns'ka village council. The total land area of the protected land is 5200 hectares. There are 4800 hectares of natural pasture and 400 hectares of wooded areas. [1]

Creation[edit]

The original proposal by the State Department, put forward in 2008, was for the creation of a park that could be used for public recreation. This was considered by the Tarutyne District Council on no fewer than three occasions, and finally rejected in 2010. The reasons given were twofold.

The Ministry of Defence objected due to the fact that the proposed area occupies part of the former Tarutyns'kyj military range, created in 1946, a total area of 24,521 hectares. Residents of several villages of the district were evicted from these lands. Military exercises were conducted here, and grazing and mowing was stopped. In the late 1990s the intensity of use of the range by the military gradually decreased, and in 2005 the range was abandoned. However, the dispute remained between the district administration and The Ministry of Defence of Ukraine for the right to dispose of the lands.[2][3]

And secondly, part of the area was also reclaimed landfill, and deemed too dangerous for public use.[4]

The proposal was then modified from a landscape park to a preserve. After that, in 2011, the Tarutyne District Council and district administration agreed to create such a preserve. The landscape preserve "Tarutyns'kyj steppe" was announced by decree № 445-VI during the 12th session of the Odessa Regional Council of People's Deputies of the Sixth Convocation (26 of April, 2012). It was signed by the village council, the district administration of Odessa Oblast, and the State Department of Environmental Protection in the Odessa Oblast.[5][6][7]

Value[edit]

Ironically, it was the former military range, with the large protected zone used for grazing, which created conditions similar to the natural steppe ecosystem requirements - over 100 years of moderate grazing pressure and lack of plowing.

The main values of the preserve are ecosystems of forb-fescue-feather grass and fescue-feather grass, typical of virgin and secondary steppe. Here, Stipa capillata, Stipa lessingiana and rarely other feather grass species dominate. Among animals which occur here, over 40 species are listed in the Red Book of Ukraine. The steppe plays an important role for the preservation of many rare species of steppe birds. Also, the territory is important for the southern birch mouse. Its population in "Tarutyns'kyj steppe" landscape preserve is one of the last population which has been preserved in Ukraine.

The preserve is nominated as the object of the Emerald Network and is included in the Emerald Network database by a Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats Secretariat.

Flora and fauna[edit]

A significant floristic and faunal diversity is a characteristic of the preserve. Below is a list of wildlife and flora which exist in the area.

Plants

Animals

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://archive.today/20150402213803/http://oblrada.odessa.gov.ua/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1651:-------------l-r&catid=122&Itemid=185&lang=uk
  2. ^ Вакаренко Л. Перспективы создания степных региональных ландшафтных парков в Одесской области // Степной бюллетень, № 26 весна 2009. — С.15-18
  3. ^ Парникоза И., Борейко В. Один из крупнейших фрагментов понто-каспийских равнинных степей взят под охрану в Украине // Степной Бюллетень № 35 лето 2012
  4. ^ "Tarutino District Council (Russian)". Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  5. ^ Рішення Веселодолинської сілької ради№ 68-11/VI від 04.11.2011 "Про внесення зміни до рішення сільської ради № 94-3/V від 3.9.2008 року "Про створення регіонального ландшафтного парку «Тарутинський степ»
  6. ^ Рішення Тарутинської районної ради № 183-VI від 16.09.2011 року «Про погодження оголошення місцевого ландшафтного заказника „Тарутинський степ“ у Тарутинському районі Одеської області.»
  7. ^ Розпорядження Тарутинської РДА № 29/А-2012 від 19.01.2012 року "Про погнодження створення місцевого ландшафтного заказника «Тарутинський степ»