Task-invoked pupillary response

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Pupillary response

Task-invoked pupillary response (also known as the "Task-Evoked pupillary response" is a pupillary response caused by a cognitive load imposed on a human and as a result of the decrease in parasympathetic activity in the peripheral nervous system.[1] It is found to result in a linear increase in pupil dilation as the demands a task places on the working memory increase. Beatty evaluated task-invoked pupillary response in different tasks for short-term memory, language processing, reasoning, perception, sustained attention and selective attention and found that it fulfils Kahneman’s three criteria for indicating processing load.[2][3] That is, it can reflect differences in processing load within a task, between different tasks and between individuals. It is used as an indicator of cognitive load levels in psychophysiology research and information systems research.[4]


  1. ^ Kramer, A. F., 1991. Physiological metrics of mental workload: A review of recent progress. In: Damos, D. L. (ed.) Multiple-task Performance. London: Taylor & Francis Ltd.
  2. ^ Beatty, J., 1982, Task-evoked pupillary responses, processing load, and the structure of processing resources. Psychological Bulletin, 91, 276-292.
  3. ^ Kahneman, D., 1973, Attention and effort, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., Prentice-hall.
  4. ^ Fehrenbacher, Dennis D.; Djamasbi, Soussan. "Information systems and task demand: An exploratory pupillometry study of computerized decision making". Decision Support Systems. doi:10.1016/j.dss.2017.02.007.