Tasmanian state election, 1909

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Tasmanian state election, 1909
Tasmania
1906 ←
30 April 1909 → 1912

All 30 seats to the House of Assembly
  First party Second party Third party
  Sir John William Evans.jpg John Earle (Australian politician).jpg No image placeholder.gif
Leader John Evans John Earle
Party Anti-Socialist Labour Liberal Democrat
Leader since 12 July 1904 1906
Leader's seat Franklin Franklin
Last election 22 seats 7 seats 6 seats
Seats won 17 seats 12 seats 1 seats
Seat change Decrease5 Increase5 Decrease5
Percentage 50.61% 38.94% 9.70%
Swing Increase8.81 Increase18.82 Decrease4.38

Premier before election

John Evans
Ministerialist

Resulting Premier

John Evans
Anti-Socialist

A general election for the House of Assembly was held in the Australian state of Tasmania on 30 April 1909 (a Friday, as the convention of holding elections on a Saturday did not become common until the 1920s). The 1909 election was the first to use the Hare-Clark proportional representation system.[1]

The Hare-Clark system[edit]

The Tasmanian House of Assembly had, from its inception in 1856, used a plurality voting system to elect members from one or two-seat electorates. In 1896, the Tasmanian attorney-general, Andrew Inglis Clark, suggested the House adopt a single transferable vote system devised by Englishman Thomas Hare with certain variations devised by himself, which became known as the Hare-Clark system. The system was used on a trial basis in the Hobart and Launceston electorates from the 1897 election onwards, but was never used in the country electorates and was repealed in 1901, with the districts being broken up at the 1903 election. In order to blunt the emergence of the Australian Labour Party which won eight seats in the 1906 election, Clark convinced the House to apply the Hare-Clark system statewide.[2]

The outgoing House at the election represented 35 single-member districts. The adoption of the Hare-Clark system saw the number of seats in the House reduced from 35 to 30, and six members for each of five electorates (corresponding to the federal electoral divisions of Bass, Darwin, Denison, Franklin and Wilmot) would be elected using proportional representation.

Key dates[edit]

Date Event
20 March 1909 New electoral rolls came into force.[3]
22 March 1909 The Parliament was dissolved.[4]
30 April 1909 Polling day, between the hours of 8am and 6pm.
19 June 1909 The Lewis Ministry was reconstituted.
29 June 1909 Parliament was summoned for business.[5]

Results[edit]

Tasmanian state election, 30 April 1909
House of Assembly
<< 19061912 >>

Enrolled voters 95,784
Votes cast 50,402 Turnout 52.62%
Informal votes 1,442 Informal 2.86%
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes  % Swing Seats Change
  Anti-Socialist 24,779 50.61% +8.81% 17 – 5
  Labour 19,067 38.94% +18.82% 12 + 5
  Liberal Democrat 4,748 9.70% –4.38% 1 – 5
  Ind. Labor 366 0.75% –3.11% 0 ± 0
Total 48,960     30  

Distribution of Seats[edit]

Electorate Seats won
Bass            
Darwin            
Denison            
Franklin            
Wilmot            
  Anti-Socialist
  Labour
  Liberal Democrat

Aftermath[edit]

The Anti-Socialist Party (previously known as the Free Trade Party) was a coalition of conservative parliamentarians, exhorted by incumbent Premier John Evans to combine their forces against the threat from the Labour Party who had won an unprecedented 12 seats. Evans offered to resign if asked, and in June was taken to his word, with Elliott Lewis elected as leader and premier with a pledge of twelve months loyalty. A faction of Liberals led by Norman Ewing undermined Lewis' leadership, culminating in a no-confidence motion in October 1909 which led to the Governor of Tasmania Sir Harry Barron calling on John Earle to form Tasmania's first Labour ministry, a minority government which lasted only a week before being voted out by the House.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ House of Assembly Elections, Parliament of Tasmania.
  2. ^ Moon, Jeremy; Campbell Sharman (2003). Australian Politics and Government: The Commonwealth, the States, and the Territories. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-53205-1. 
  3. ^ "Electoral Act 1907: A Proclamation", Tasmanian Government Gazette, 1909:321 (20 March 1909)
  4. ^ "Dissolution of the House of Assembly", Tasmanian Government Gazette, 1912:356 (22 March 1912)
  5. ^ "Parliament of Tasmania: A Proclamation", Tasmanian Government Gazette, 1909:762 (22 June 1909)
  6. ^ Scott Bennett, 'Lewis, Sir Neil Elliott (1858 - 1935)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, Melbourne University Press, 1986, pp 94-95.

External links[edit]