Tasmanian state election, 1909
general election for the House of Assembly was held in the Australian state of Tasmania on 30 April 1909 (a Friday, as the convention of holding elections on a Saturday did not become common until the 1920s). The 1909 election was the first to use the Hare-Clark proportional representation system. [1 ]
The Hare-Clark system [ edit ]
The Tasmanian House of Assembly had, from its inception in
1856, used a plurality voting system to elect members from one or two-seat electorates. In 1896, the Tasmanian attorney-general, Andrew Inglis Clark, suggested the House adopt a single transferable vote system devised by Englishman Thomas Hare with certain variations devised by himself, which became known as the Hare-Clark system. The system was used on a trial basis in the Hobart and Launceston electorates from the 1897 election onwards, but was never used in the country electorates and was repealed in 1901, with the districts being broken up at the 1903 election. In order to blunt the emergence of the Australian Labour Party which won eight seats in the 1906 election, Clark convinced the House to apply the Hare-Clark system statewide. [2 ]
The outgoing House at the election represented 35 single-member districts. The adoption of the Hare-Clark system saw the number of seats in the House reduced from 35 to 30, and six members for each of five electorates (corresponding to the
federal electoral divisions of Bass, Darwin, Denison, Franklin and Wilmot) would be elected using proportional representation.
Key dates [ edit ]
20 March 1909
New electoral rolls came into force.
22 March 1909
The Parliament was dissolved.
30 April 1909
Polling day, between the hours of 8am and 6pm.
19 June 1909
The Lewis Ministry was reconstituted.
29 June 1909
Parliament was summoned for business.
Results [ edit ]
Tasmanian state election, 30 April 1909
House of Assembly
<< 1906 — 1912 >>
Summary of votes by party
17 – 5
Distribution of Seats [ edit ]
Aftermath [ edit ]
Anti-Socialist Party (previously known as the Free Trade Party) was a coalition of conservative parliamentarians, exhorted by incumbent Premier John Evans to combine their forces against the threat from the Labour Party who had won an unprecedented 12 seats. Evans offered to resign if asked, and in June was taken to his word, with Elliott Lewis elected as leader and premier with a pledge of twelve months loyalty. A faction of Liberals led by Norman Ewing undermined Lewis' leadership, culminating in a no-confidence motion in October 1909 which led to the Governor of Tasmania Sir Harry Barron calling on John Earle to form Tasmania's first Labour ministry, a minority government which lasted only a week before being voted out by the House. [6 ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ House of Assembly Elections, Parliament of Tasmania.
^ Moon, Jeremy; Campbell Sharman (2003). Australian Politics and Government: The Commonwealth, the States, and the Territories. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-53205-1.
^ "Electoral Act 1907: A Proclamation", Tasmanian Government Gazette, 1909:321 (20 March 1909)
^ "Dissolution of the House of Assembly", Tasmanian Government Gazette, 1912:356 (22 March 1912)
^ "Parliament of Tasmania: A Proclamation", Tasmanian Government Gazette, 1909:762 (22 June 1909)
^ Scott Bennett, ' Lewis, Sir Neil Elliott (1858 - 1935)', , Volume 10, Melbourne University Press, 1986, pp 94-95. Australian Dictionary of Biography
External links [ edit ]