Tasmanian state election, 1996

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Tasmanian state election, 1996
Tasmania
1992 ←
24 February 1996 → 1998

All 35 seats to the House of Assembly
  First party Second party Third party
  Christine Milne
Leader Ray Groom Michael Field Christine Milne
Party Liberal Labor Greens
Leader since 17 December 1991 14 December 1988 1993
Leader's seat Denison Braddon Lyons
Last election 19 seats 11 seats 5 seats
Seats won 16 seats 14 seats 4 seats
Seat change Decrease3 Increase3 Decrease1
Percentage 41.21% 40.47% 11.14%
Swing Decrease12.91 Increase11.62 Decrease2.09

Premier before election

Ray Groom
Liberal

Resulting Premier

Tony Rundle
Liberal

Elections for the Tasmanian House of Assembly were held on 24 February 1996. The Liberal Party of Australia, led by Ray Groom, hoped to secure another term in government.

The Opposition Labor party was headed by Michael Field and the Tasmanian Greens were headed by Christine Milne.

Prior to the election, the Liberal Party held 19 of the 35 seats, a majority in the House of Assembly. Labor held 11 and the Tasmanian Greens held five.

Before the election, Groom and Field both promised that they would only govern in majority.

Extremely Greedy 40% Extra Party[edit]

The Extremely Greedy 40% Extra Party was a single-issue political party which contested the election. It was formed to oppose what was seen as an excessive pay rise the Tasmanian Parliament had awarded to itself.

In October 1993, Tasmanian parliamentarians voted to link their pay to 90% of an equivalent federal parliamentarian. This resulted in an immediate 40% pay rise. The legislation took about an hour or so to pass through both houses of Parliament. In the Lower House, the 19 Liberal and 11 Labor members voted for the legislation and the 5 Greens voted against. The Upper House suspended Standing Orders to speed the passage of the bill.

The Extremely Greedy Party was formed in 1993 with an intention to stand candidates at the 1996 election in all electorates. As the increase was made in the early part of Groom's term (hoping the electorate would forget), the strategy of the party was simply to ensure the electorate were reminded of the earlier pay rise incident through the party name being on the ballot papers. Bumper stickers were placed on cars around the state reading "40% never forget" although politicians' wages had been on freeze for some time and the rise was in keeping with inflation.

Six months after the election, the Tasmanian Parliament passed a bill to refer the matter of setting Tasmanian Parliamentary salaries to the Tasmanian Industrial Commission (TIC). The decision of the commission was to reduce the state MP salary to 83% of a federal parliamentarian based on the ratio of average Tasmanian wages to average Australian mainland wages.[1]

Results[edit]

The election ended with a swing against the Liberals. A fall of over 10% caused them to lose their parliamentary majority. The Liberals lost three sitting members; Carole Cains, John Barker and Brian Davison. The Liberals polled strongly in Braddon and Bass but poorly in Franklin.

Labor polled well in the Hobart area (Denison and Franklin). The Tasmanian Greens suffered a statewide swing of over two percent against them and lost one of their seats (Lance Armstrong in Bass) but gained the balance of power because Di Hollister narrowly held onto her seat in Braddon, while the party received a high vote in Denison.

The Extremely Greedy 40% Extra Party polled 0.8% of the vote, well behind winning a seat, but its appearance on the ballot paper succeeded in reminding voters of the previous wage increases. Independent Bruce Goodluck narrowly won a seat at the expense of the Liberals' Paul Harriss. The Australian Democrats ran four candidates in Franklin but were unsuccessful at winning a seat.

Tasmanian state election, 24 February 1996
House of Assembly
<< 19921998 >>

Enrolled voters 324,556
Votes cast 311,486 Turnout 95.98 +1.00
Informal votes 16,815 Informal 5.40 +0.84
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes  % Swing Seats Change
  Liberal 121,391 41.20 –12.91 16 – 3
  Labor 119,260 40.47 +11.62 14 + 3
  Greens 32,813 11.14 –2.09 4 – 1
  National 6,476 2.20 +2.20 0 ± 0
  Extremely Greedy 40 Extra 2,251 0.76 +0.76 0 ± 0
  Democrats 2,190 0.74 +0.74 0 ± 0
  Independent 10,290 3.49 +2.36 1 + 1
  Others –2.67 0 ± 0
Total 294,671     35  

Distribution of Seats[edit]

Electorate Seats won
Bass              
Braddon              
Denison              
Franklin              
Lyons              
  Labor
  Liberal
  Greens
  Independent

Aftermath[edit]

Labor had the numbers to enter minority government with the Greens, but had refused to do so. This left a Liberal minority government as the only realistic option. Groom was not willing to break his promise to only govern in majority, and was replaced as Liberal leader and premier by Tony Rundle, who reached an informal agreement with the Greens.

This election was the last time that Tasmanians voted 35 members into parliament because it was reduced to 25 members in 1998.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Tasmanian political party". Green Left Online. 20 April 1994. 

Further reading[edit]

  • (1994) Democracy through education, education through participation : a presentation to the Board of Inquiry into the Size & Constitution of the Tasmanian Parliament.