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Tehran Symphony Orchestra

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Tehran Symphony Orchestra
Tehran Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Shahrdad Rohani in Roudaki Hall
Native nameارکستر سمفونیک تهران
Short nameTSO
Former nameMunicipality Symphony Orchestra
Founded1933 (1933)
Principal conductorManouchehr Sahbai

The Tehran Symphony Orchestra (TSO, Persian: ارکستر سمفونیک تهران), founded in 1933, is Iran's oldest and largest symphony orchestra. It was founded as the Municipality Symphony Orchestra by Gholamhossein Minbashian, before entering its modern form under Parviz Mahmoud in 1946. In the years that followed, conductors such as Rubik (Ruben) Gregorian, Morteza Hannaneh, Haymo Taeuber, Heshmat Sanjari, and Farhad Meshkat took over as the conductors of the orchestra.[1]

After the 1979 Revolution, many musicians of the TSO emigrated to Europe and the US. For some years Heshmat Sanjari and then Fereydoun Nasseri were the conductors. The current conductor of TSO is Manouchehr Sahbai.


Yehudi Menuhin plays with Tehran Symphony Orchestra with Heshmat Sanjari as the conductor 1967

In the golden age of the orchestra, many notable musicians like Yehudi Menuhin and Isaac Stern played with the orchestra.[2]


After the 1979 Iranian revolution, clerics outlawed all pre-revolutionary music, hardline clerics say music comes between the faithful and God, and leads to an impure mind.[3] As a result, the orchestra faced its darkest age, playing only a few concerts in the decade following the revolution. The pressure caused the conductor Heshmat Sanjari a serious sickness, he died in 1995.[4]

The orchestra still plays concerts once in a while.

Principal conductors[edit]

Tehran Symphony Orchestra performs at Roudaki Hall, 2018


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Another Look at the Tehran Symphony Orchestra's Concert in Germany"
  2. ^ "Biography Heshmat Sanjari". Archived from the original on 2010-09-25. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  3. ^ "Cultural exchange: German orchestra to make rare visit to Iran". CBC.ca. Associated Press. 2007-08-26. Archived from the original on 2007-08-28. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  4. ^ Mahmoud Khoshnam (2005-01-02). "يادی از" حشمت سنجری"" [A memory of Heshmat Senjari] (in Persian). BBC Persian. Retrieved 29 June 2023.