Acraea cabira

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Yellow-banded acraea
Yellow-banded Acraea 19 07 2010.JPG
Male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Acraeini
Genus: Acraea
Species: A. cabira
Binomial name
Acraea cabira
Hopffer, 1855
Synonyms
  • Acraea (Actinote) cabira
  • Telchinia cabira (Hopffer, 1855)
  • Hyalites cabira (Hopffer, 1855)
  • Acraea supponina ninapo Suffert, 1904
  • Acraea apecida Oberthür, 1893
  • Acraea apecida var. flavomaculata Lanz, 1896
  • Acraea apecida var. natalensis Staudinger, 1896
  • Acraea cabira biraca Suffert, 1904
  • Acraea apecida var. abrupta Grünberg, 1910
  • Acraea cabira apecida var. swinburnei Stevenson, 1940

Acraea cabira, the yellow-banded acraea, is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae that is native to Africa.

Side view of a male Acraea cabira recently hatched from its pupa

Description[edit]

The wingspan is 38–44 mm for males and 40–45 mm for females.[1] The male and female are very similar in colour. The upper surface of the wings is near black with large yellow patches on the forewing and hindwing. There is some reddish brown on the veins near the base of the forewings. The underside has patches of yellow corresponding to the upperside. The base of the undersurface of the wing has orange-brown markings with black spots. The margin of the wing on the undersurface has black lines on an orange-brown background.[2]

Distribution[edit]

It is found from the eastern subtropical forest areas of South Africa, through Swaziland, Zimbabwe,[2] and to Uganda, the Congo and Kenya.[3]

Life cycle[edit]

Larvae[edit]

The larvae feed on Triumfetta (including T. tomentosa), Hemannia, Hibiscus and Cephalomma species. When young, they group together on a mass of silk that they spin on the food plant, but as they grow older they venture out alone to different parts of the food plant.

Pupae[edit]

The pupae have a whitish to yellowish background with two rows of yellow and black markings down the back, but the pupa becomes dark coloured close to hatching. The wing areas have fine black veining on a whitish to yellowish background, but the black and yellow wings show through the shell of the pupa near hatching.

Adults[edit]

Adults are on wing year round but are more common in warmer months.[1] They have a slow, weak flight pattern and stay close to the ground, favouring sunny areas in forest clearings or on the edges of forest. The adults feed on nectar from flowers.[2]

Gallery[edit]

Taxonomy[edit]

Acraea cabira is a member of the Acraea bonasia species group; see Acraea.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  2. ^ a b c Williams, M. (1994). Butterflies of Southern Africa; A Field Guide. ISBN 1-86812-516-5.
  3. ^ "Acraea Fabricius, 1807" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
  • Bernaud & Pierre, 2007. - Acraea cabira, A. sotikensis et espèces voisines. Révision et premiers états. Lambillonea, CVII, 1bis, supplément II, Mai 2007: 1-14

External links[edit]