Tenby Museum and Art Gallery
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|Location||Castle Hill, Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales|
|Website||Tenby Museum and Art Gallery|
Tenby Museum and Art Gallery, located in Tenby, Pembrokeshire, South West Wales, is the oldest independent museum in Wales. Established in 1878 the Museum has a collection of local geology, biology, archaeological and maritime artifacts. Accompanying the regular exhibitions since 1976 is a collection of images and crafts by local and national artists such as Augustus and Gwen John.
At the beginning of January 1878 a meeting of a like-minded group of would be trustees of a proposed museum, was held at 10 The Norton, Tenby, the home of one of their number, Charles Allen. The group also comprises: Edward Laws (Hons. Secretary), Dr Frederick Dyser, Rev. George Huntington, James T. Hawkesley, E. Rawdon Power, Dr. John G. Lock and Frederick Walker.
It was the wish of the group to house and display the collection of valuable geological specimens formerly belonging to the late Rev. Gilbert N. Smith, and amateur archaeologist and geologist, who had been the Rector of nearby Gumfreston. The collection had been purchased by the town of Tenby for £100 and was to form the basis of a museum collection together with other promised items of natural history and of scientific books.
The trustees wished these collections to be permanently housed in the town for the benefit of the community and from the onset they decided upon a purely local museum with no ‘cosmopolitan’ collections being accepted. (This basic rule has been adhered to ever since and material unconnected with the area is not collected).
Having agreed in principle to found a museum, the next important step was to secure a suitable building in which to house the collection. Fortunately, the National school building on Castle Hill had recently been vacated, a new school having been built in the centre of the town. In February 1878, a meeting of the Tenby Town Council, presided over by Alderman Charles Allen, passes a resolution to grant the trustees permission to rent the school building at the cost of one shilling per annum for the purpose of forming a permanent museum. The council had no wish to become involved in any other expenditure and therefore the costs of refurbishing the building and administering a museum were to be met by the trustees.
The trustees immediately set about obtaining an estimate for the necessary rebuilding work. Lewis John, a local builder estimated a total cost of £44 12s 11d for initial repair work to the building. His estimate being accepted, Mr John set about repairing the roof, guttering, windows, doorways and staircases together with plastering and some redecoration. His work was regarded as highly satisfactory and he was later employed in further work to the building. Some display cases were also purchased at the time.
It was obvious that to provide a community museum, financial help was going to be necessary from within the community itself. Earl in February, Edward Laws, prepared two hundred letters which were circulated to selected residents of the town, setting out the aims of the proposed museum and outlining the finances required to achieve those aims.
There was a good response to the letter and soon a number of donations were received. Mr E. J. Reid, the Member of Parliament for the Pembroke Boroughs gave £100 and wrote to Laws: ‘I need hardly say that the establishment at Tenby of such a museum as that contemplated would be to me, as to many others, a source of great satisfaction’.
There were other similar favourable responses from the community and elsewhere to the idea of forming a museum collection, but, as this extract from a letter to the ‘Tenby Observer’ of 3 January 1878 written by one ‘SGP’ of Bristol (subsequently identified as one Samuel Purchase) indicates a note of caution was being urged with regard to the administration of the proposed museum and the safeguarding of its collection.
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Throughout the last 125 years Tenby Museum and Art Gallery has continued with the support of volunteers, to exhibit, study and preserve a collection relating to the social and cultural history of the area.
17 June 1976 saw the official opening of the Wilfred Harrison Art Gallery. In 1995 the New Art Gallery was opened at Tenby Museum.
In the 20th century the museum was affiliated to the National Museum and Galleries of Wales and received increasing recognition and support from a number of professional museum organisations.
In the 1990s the museum was the recipient of national awards: the Prince of Wales Award 1993 and the Shoestring Award (Museum of the Year Award 1996) for the UK museum which achieved the most with the least available financial resources. In 2000 national and regional awards were presented for high standards of professional training.
On 31 July 2003 Prince Charles visited Tenby and the Tenby Museum and Art Gallery to mark the 125th anniversary of the museum’s opening.
Notable personalities associated with Museum and its collection
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- William Lyons (1776–1849) — lived in Tenby in early 19th century and was a collector and researcher of specimens of natural history. The Lyons shell collection which was donated to the Tenby Local Museum by his daughters in 1878.
- Revered Gilbert N. Smith (1796–1877) — a collector and amateur geologist and archaeologist, he was the rector of Gumfreston from 1837 until his death. For many years Smith had excavated at Eel Point on the north Caldey Island.
- Dr. Frederick Daniel Dyster (1810–1893) — a founder member of the Museum, he had for many years been interested in marine biology and was the friend and correspondent of T. H. Huxley. Dr Dyster contributed to the early collections of the museum by donating a number of scientific books to the museum’s library.
- Frederick Walker (1815–1899) — a Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society, Walker’s interests lay especially in plants of Pembrokeshire. His account of his subject was published in the ‘Mason’s Guide book to Tenby and the Neighbourhood’.
- The Rev. George Huntington (1824–1905) — Rector of Tenby from 1867 to 1905, he was interested in many aspects of archaeology and local history. He published ‘Random Recollections of some Noted Divines’.
- James Taylor Hawkseley (1839–1891) — born in Birmingham, Hawkesley became the owner of Caldey when the island was bought for him by his father in 1867. Hawkesley had studied farming science and was pioneered farm management and agricultural techniques on Caldey.
- Dr. John Griffith Lock (1847–1907) — he studied at Addenbrooke’s Hospital, then became a General Practitioner for thirty five years. In 1873 he was appointed Medical Officer of Health of Tenby.
- Charles Allen (1807–1884) — it was at his home at 10 The Norton, Tenby, that the first meeting was held to discuss the formation of a Local Museum for Tenby. Allen came from a well known Pembrokeshire family. After retirement he was a member of the Town Council and Mayor in 1865 and 1871.
- Edward Laws (1837–1913) — the prime mover in the establishment of a local museum for Tenby and became the first Hon. Secretary of the Museum’s trustees. Laws was an amateur historian and archaeologist, who was the author of several works including ‘The History of Little England beyond Wales’, ‘The church Book of St Mary the Virgin’ and ‘The Civil War in Pembrokeshire’. In 1877 he had also excavated in the Tenby area with Professor George Rolleston.
- Professor George Rolleston (1829–1881) — Professor of Anatomy and Physiology at Oxford in 1860, he pioneered the teaching of Zoology. He undertook anthropological excavations with Edward Laws in the Tenby area in 1877 and in the following year was invited to perform the opening ceremony of the Tenby Local Museum, which took place on 26 July.
- Edward Rawdon Bingham Power (1811–1896) — a native of Surrey, Power had retired with his family to Tenby after a long career in the civil service in Ceylon. He was a J.P. and served as Mayor of Tenby in 1872. For the remainder of his life he was one of the most regular members at museum committee meetings and actively supported the museum’s interests. He undertook considerable work on behalf of charitable organisations in the town. These included the Tenby Cottage Hospital, of which he was the Hon. Secretary and Treasurer[full citation needed]
The New Gallery features changing exhibits of contemporary art and crafts in various media, and the permanent art collection includes works by such Welsh artists as Gwen and Augustus John, Kyffin Williams, John Piper, Nina Hamnett, Claudia Williams, John Uzzell Edwards and John Knapp Fisher.