Tenko (TV series)
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Title caption that was seen throughout the series.
|Created by||Lavinia Warner|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||3|
|No. of episodes||31|
|Running time||50 minutes|
22 October 1981 – 12 November 1984,26 December 1985
Tenko is a television drama, co-produced by the BBC and the ABC. A total of thirty episodes were produced over three series between 1981 and 1984, followed by a one-off special (which was twice the length of the other episodes), Tenko Reunion, in 1985.
The series dealt with the experiences of British, Australian and Dutch women who were captured after the Fall of Singapore in February 1942, after the Japanese invasion, and held in a Japanese internment camp on a Japanese-occupied island between Singapore and Australia. Having been separated from their husbands, herded into makeshift holding camps and largely forgotten by the British War Office, the women have to learn to cope with appalling living conditions, malnutrition, disease, violence and death.
Tenko was created by Lavinia Warner after she had conducted research into the internment of nursing corps officer Margot Turner (1910–1993) for an edition of This Is Your Life and was convinced of the dramatic potential of the stories of women prisoners of the Japanese. Aside from the first two episodes, set in Singapore, which were written by Paul Wheeler, the series was written by Jill Hyem and Anne Valery.
Owing to high production costs, only the first two episodes of the first series were filmed on location in Singapore. For the majority of series 1 and 2, set in the camp, the programme was filmed in a specially constructed set in Dorset. Hankley Common was also used.
The series takes its name from the Japanese word "tenko" (点呼/てんこ) which means "roll-call". POWs and internees in Japanese-run camps had regular roll-calls, where they had to line up and number off or were counted in Japanese.
The major characters who featured in all three series and the reunion telemovie were:
- Marion Jefferson (Ann Bell)—the wife of an army colonel.
- Beatrice Mason (Stephanie Cole)—a stern, officious doctor.
- Kate Norris (Claire Oberman)—a brash Australian nurse.
- Domenica Van Meyer (later Forster-Brown) (Elizabeth Chambers)—a vain, selfish Dutch woman.
- Christina Campbell (Emily Bolton)—a mixed-race (Chinese/Scottish) young woman.
- Dorothy Bennett (Veronica Roberts)—a young working-class housewife (later, an Antiques dealer and Jake's love interest).
- Sister Ulrica (Patricia Lawrence)—a formidable Dutch nun.
Only Ann Bell, Stephanie Cole and Claire Oberman appeared in all thirty regular episodes plus the reunion. Episodes were missed by Elizabeth Chambers in Series 1, Emily Bolton in Series 2, Veronica Roberts in Series 1 and 3 and Patricia Lawrence in Series 2 and 3.
Other major characters throughout the series included:
- Rose Millar (Stephanie Beacham) - Series 1-2
- Blanche Simmons (Louise Jameson) - Series 1-2
- Lady Jocelyn 'Joss' Holbrook (Jean Anderson) - Series 2-3
- Nellie Keene (Jeananne Crowley) - Series 1
- Sylvia Ashburton (Renee Asherson) - Series 1
- Sally Markham (Joanna Hole) - Series 1-2
- Verna Johnson (Rosemary Martin) - Series 2
- Lillian Cartland (Philippa Urquhart) - Series 2
- Dr. Natalie Trier (Carolle Rousseau) - Series 2
- Daisy Robertson (Anna Lindup) - Series 2
- Debbie Bowen (Karin Foley) - Series 1-2
- Judith Bowen (Ann Queensberry) - Series 1
- Maggie Thorpe (Elizabeth Mickery) - Series 3 & Reunion
- Alice Courtenay (Cindy Shelley) - Series 3 & Reunion
- Major Yamauchi (Burt Kwouk) - Series 1-3
- Lt. Sato (Eiji Kusuhara) - Series 1-3
- Shinya (Takashi Kawahara) - Series 1-2
- Miss. Hasan (Josephine Welcome) - Series 2
- Colonel/Brigadier Clifford Jefferson (Jonathan Newth) - Series 1 & 3
- Jake Haulter (Damien Thomas) - Series 3 & Reunion
- Stephen Wentworth (Preston Lockwood) - Series 3 & Reunion
- Phyllis Bristow (Elspet Gray) - Series 3
- Teddy Forster-Brown (Robert Lang) - Reunion
- Lau Peng (Swee Hoe Lim) - Reunion
DVD release and books
All three series plus the Reunion Special were released in one DVD box-set in 2011 through Acorn Media UK.
Three paperback books were published in the 1980s. One covering the first series, titled Tenko, while a second called Last Tenko, covered the second and final series. The third book, written by Anne Valery, covered the Reunion.
A book about the making of Tenko called Remembering Tenko by Andy Priestner was published in October 2012.
- Warner and Sandilands Women Beyond the Wire: A Story of Prisoners of the Japanese 1942-45 1982 dustjacket
- Bomb alert hits 'Tenko' beauty spot
- Tenko a website authorised by creator Lavinia Warner
- Tenko at the BFI's Screenonline
- "Tenko". BBC Programmes.
- Tenko at the Internet Movie Database
- Complete cast list and episode guide
- Lavinia Warner's page on Tenko
- RealPlayer version of the opening titles, at the BBC Cult homepage
- A brief essay on the series, and an episode guide