Tetrahydrofuran (data page)

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This page provides supplementary chemical data on tetrahydrofuran.

Material Safety Data Sheet[edit]

The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommend that you seek the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for this chemical from a reliable source such as SIRI, and follow its directions. MSDS is available at Mallinckrodt Baker.

Structure and properties[edit]

Structure and properties
Index of refraction, nD 1.4040 at 25°C
Abbe number ?
Dielectric constant, εr[1] 7.52 ε0 at 22 °C
Bond strength  ?
Bond length  ?
Bond angle  ?
Magnetic susceptibility  ?
Viscosity[1] 0.456 mPa·s at 25°C

Thermodynamic properties[edit]

Phase behavior
Triple point 164.76 K (–108.39 °C), ? Pa
Critical point 541 K (268 °C), 5190 kPa
Std enthalpy change
of fusion
, ΔfusHo
8.540 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of fusion
, ΔfusSo
51.8 J/(mol·K)
Std enthalpy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapHo
32 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapSo
51.8 J/(mol·K)
Solid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHosolid
 ? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sosolid
 ? J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp  ? J/(mol K)
Liquid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHoliquid
 ? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Soliquid
203.8 J/(mol K)
Enthalpy of combustion, ΔcHo –2501.2 kJ/mol
Heat capacity, cp 123 J/(mol K) at 25°C
Gas properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHogas
–184.2 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sogas
301.7 J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp 76.6 J/(mol K) at 25°C

Vapor pressure of liquid[edit]

Vapor pressure 143 mm Hg at 20°C[1]

P in mBar[2] 9.9 19.5 36.3 63.9 107 173 268 402 586 831 1013
T in °C –30 –20 –10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 66
log10 Tetrahydrofuran vapor pressure. Uses formula: obtained from CHERIC[3]

Distillation data[edit]

Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium
of Tetrahydrofuran/Ethanol
[4]
P = 100 kPa
BP
Temp.
°C
 % by mole THF
liquid vapor
78. 0.00 0.00
77.4 1.72 3.69
76.2 5.36 11.5
73.8 13.9 26.4
71.0 26.3 42.8
67.7 49.7 62.8
67.2 54.3 65.4
65.9 71.5 76.2
65.4 85.7 86.5
65.2 90.8 90.8
65.4 91.8 91.48
65.4 94.99 94.46
65.5 98.15 97.9
65.6 100.0 100.0

Spectral data[edit]

UV-Vis
λmax  ? nm
Extinction coefficient, ε  ?
IR
Major absorption bands  ? cm−1
NMR
Proton NMR  
Carbon-13 NMR  
Other NMR data  
MS
Masses of
main fragments
 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tetrahydrofuran Physical Properties". Sigma-Aldrich. Retrieved 25 June 2009. 
  2. ^ "Tetrahydrofuran (THF) Storage and Handling" (PDF). BASF. Retrieved 24 May 2007. 
  3. ^ "Pure Component Properties". Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved 24 May 2007. 
  4. ^ "Binary Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data". Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved 24 May 2007. 

Except where noted otherwise, data relate to standard ambient temperature and pressure.

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