Texas Cart War

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The Texas Cart War was an outbreak of violence in 1857. Most of the violence occurred when American ox cart drivers attacked and hanged 70 Mexican ox cart drivers. The 'war' consisted of five attacks, three in July, one in September, and the last in November 1857. All of the attacks were on roads from San Antonio to Lavaca, Texas.[1][2][3][4][5]


An attempted attack in 1855, as well as other sporadic attacks had occurred,[3] and sustained violence began on July 3, 1857, when a group of disguised men attacked six carts, and wounded six drivers in Goliad County, Texas. In the second attack, on July 14, around 20 Americans attacked carts near Goliad. There were no injuries or fatalities. In the third attack on July 31, three Mexicans were wounded, and one American who supported the Mexican cart drivers was killed. In September, the fourth attack saw Antonio Delgado, a prominent local politician killed. Five men died in the third, and last, major attack.[5] John Twiggs had, as a result of the frequent attacks, begun providing armed escorts with American government shipments. The Ambassador of Mexico to the United States complained to the United States federal government, estimating at least 75 Mexicans had been killed in the attacks.[6]


  1. ^ Romero, Simon (2003-07-19). "War of Words Divides Residents of Texas Town". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  2. ^ "Pease to the Texas Legislature, November 30, 1857 | TSLAC". www.tsl.texas.gov. Retrieved 2018-02-09.
  3. ^ a b J., WEBER, DAVID (2010-06-12). "CART WAR". Texas Handbook. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
  4. ^ McComb, David G. (1989). Texas, a Modern History. University of Texas Press. ISBN 9780292746657.
  5. ^ a b "The Cart War: Defining American in San Antonio in the 1850s". Southwestern Historical Quarterly: 318–335. January 1, 2006.
  6. ^ History of Texas, Together with a Biographical History of Tarrant and Parker Counties: Containing a Concise History of the State, with Portraits and Biographies of Prominent Citizens of the Above Named Counties, and Personal Histories of Many of the Early Settlers and Leading Families. Lewis Publishing Company. 1895.
  • When the Smoke Lifted: The 1857-1858 'Cart War' of South Texas. ISBN 1244062189.