The Argus (Melbourne)
The Argus was a morning daily newspaper in Melbourne that was established in 1846 and closed in 1957 and was considered to be the general Australian newspaper of record for this period. Widely known as a conservative newspaper for most of its history, it adopted a left leaning approach from 1949. The main competitor over the life of the newspaper was David Syme's more liberal-minded The Age.
The newspaper was originally owned by William Kerr, a journalist who had worked with the Sydney Gazette before moving to Melbourne in 1839 to work on John Pascoe Fawkner's Port Phillip Patriot. The first edition was published on 2 June 1846.
The paper was known for its scurrilous abuse and sarcasm and by 1853 Kerr lost ownership through a series of libel suits. The paper was then published under the name of Edward Wilson. The paper was also to become a stablemate to the weekly The Australasian which was to become The Australasian Post in 1946.
In 1949 the paper was acquired by the London-based Daily Mirror newspaper group. On 28 July 1952, The Argus became the first newspaper in the world to publish colour photographs in a daily paper. The paper had interests in radio and, in 1956, the new medium of television, being part of the consortium General Telecasters Victoria (GTV), and its television station GTV-9. The company's newspaper operation experienced severe loss of profitability in the 1950s, attributable to increased costs of newsprint and acute competition for newspaper circulation in Melbourne. In 1957 the paper was discontinued and sold to the Herald and Weekly Times group (HWT), which undertook to re-employ Argus staff and continue publication of selected features. HWT made an allocation of shares to the UK owners. The final edition was published on 19 January 1957. The company's other print and broadcasting operations were unaffected.
Ironically, the takeover of The Argus by the powerful Mirror Group, of Fleet Street, led to hopes of a renaissance for The Argus. Fresh capital, new ideas, and new strategies from London. But instead, the new arrivals from England finished up destroying their new possession.
- List of newspapers in Australia
- Argus Building
- Frederick William Haddon - Argus sub-editor in 1863, editor 1867–1898
- Edward Wilson (journalist)
- Andrew Murray (journalist), editor in 1855 and 1856
- Howard Willoughby
- Original Argus system, system for determining the Premiers of the Victorian Football League's competition in 1901
- Amended Argus system, system for determining the Premiers of the Victorian Football League's competition from 1902 to 1930
- Australian Sketcher with Pen and Pencil
- Hirst, John; Suter, Geraldine, eds. (2012). "Index to the Melbourne Argus newspaper (for the period 1870-1889)". La Trobe University. Retrieved 20 March 2015.
- Three original proprietors The Argus, 9 September 1926, at Trove
- Message to Argus readers from The Sun News-Pictorial The Argus, final edition, 19 January 1957 at Trove
- Your Last Argus The Argus, 19 January 1957, at Trove
- Teichmann, Max The Argus: Life & Death of a Newspaper Book review at newsweekly.com.au, 31 March 2007. Accessed 20 July 2013
- Don Hauser, The Printers of the Streets and Lanes Of Melbourne (1837 - 1975) Nondescript Press, Melbourne 2006
- Jim Usher (ed) The Argus - life and death of a newspaper Australian Scholarly Publishing, Melbourne 2008 (ISBN 1 74097 143 4)
- Digitised historic The Melbourne Argus (1846-1848) at National Library of Australia
- Digitised historic The Argus (1848-1957) at National Library of Australia
- The Argus: Special War Edition - 1 May 1915
- Digitised World War I Victorian newspapers from the State Library of Victoria