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The Deceived Ones

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The Deceived Ones
Written bythe Accademia degli Intronati
Date premiered12 February 1532 (1532-02-12)
Place premieredSiena
Original languageItalian
GenreComedy of intrigue

The Deceived Ones, or The Deceived (Italian: Gl'ingannati), is a 1531 comedy of intrigue written collectively by the Accademia degli Intronati (the center of intellectual life in Siena).[1][2][3] It was the Academy's first publicly hosted event, performed on the last day of carnival 1532 (February 12).

It uses stock characters of Commedia dell'Arte. It was internationally successful and translated in many languages, including French, Spanish and Latin.

The play is believed to be the main source for the plot of William Shakespeare's comedy Twelfth Night, although as no contemporary English translation of the work is known, his direct source for the influence is uncertain.[4][5]


  1. ^ William Shakespeare; J.M. Lothian; T.W. Craik (18 September 1975). Twelfth Night. Cengage Learning EMEA. pp. 35–6. ISBN 0-17-443625-4.
  2. ^ Michele Marrapodi (2004). Shakespeare, Italy, and Intertextuality. Manchester University Press. pp. 107–8. ISBN 978-0-7190-6666-5.
  3. ^ Clubb, Louise George (2010). Pollastra and the origins of Twelfth night : Parthenio, commedia (1516) with an English translation. Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate. ISBN 9780754668909.
  4. ^ "Gl'Ingannati, an Italian play about twins and mistaken identity". British Library. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  5. ^ William Shakespeare (19 February 2004). Twelfth Night or What You Will. Cambridge University Press. pp. 19–20. ISBN 978-1-139-83529-9.