The Marcels

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The Marcels
The Marcels with the Earth Angels, during their participation in the festival carried out at the Benedum Center during May 2010 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
The Marcels with the Earth Angels, during their participation in the festival carried out at the Benedum Center during May 2010 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Background information
OriginPittsburgh, Pennsylvania
GenresDoo-wop
Years active1959 (1959)–1962 (1962), 1972 (1972)
Past members
  • Richard Knauss
  • Cornelius Harp
  • Fred Johnson
  • Gene Bricker
  • Ron Mundy
Fred Johnson (right), with Christian Carrasco from the Earth Angels

The Marcels were an American doo-wop group known for turning popular music songs into rock and roll. The group formed in 1959 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and signed to Colpix Records with lead Cornelius Harp, bass Fred Johnson, Gene Bricker, Ron Mundy, and Richard Knauss. The group was named after a popular hair style of the day, the marcel wave,[1][2] by Fred Johnson's younger sister Priscilla.

Career[edit]

In 1961, the Marcels released a doo-wop cover of the ballad "Blue Moon" that began with the bass singer singing, "bomp-baba-bomp-ba-bomp-ba-bomp-bomp... vedanga-dang-dang-vadinga-dong-ding...". The record sold over one million copies and was awarded a gold disc.[3] It is featured in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.[citation needed]

The disc went to number one in the U.S. Billboard Hot 100[4] and UK Singles Chart.[5] In the US, additional revivals in the same vein as "Blue Moon"—"Heartaches" and "My Melancholy Baby"—were less successful, although "Heartaches" peaked at No. 7 on the Billboard Hot 100 and eventually sold over one million copies worldwide.

The introduction to "Blue Moon" was an excerpt of an original song that the group had in its act, a cover of "Zoom" by the Cadillacs. Colpix A&R director Stu Phillips transferred the introduction to "Blue Moon" to give the song additional flair. The Marcels recorded "Blue Moon" in two takes. A promotion man asked for and got a copy of the finished tape, which found its way to DJ Murray the K. He promoted it as an "exclusive" and reportedly played it 26 times on one show.

In August 1961, due to racial problems encountered while touring in the Deep South because of the group being multi-racial, Knauss and Bricker—the group's white members—left and were replaced by Allen Johnson (brother of Fred) and Walt Maddox. Mundy left soon after, leaving the group a quartet. In 1962, Harp and Allen Johnson left and were replaced by Richard Harris and William Herndon. There was a brief reunion of the original members in 1973. The group made several recordings in 1975 with Harp back on lead. Original member Gene Bricker died on December 10, 1983. Allen Johnson died of cancer on September 28, 1995 at age 55. By the early 1990s, the group included Johnson, Maddox, Harris, Jules Hopson, and Richard Merritt. The group split around 1995. Fred Johnson formed his own group with new members, while the other four members recruited new bassist Ted Smith. Maddox won a lawsuit against Sunny James Cvetnic, the manager of Johnson's group, for trademark infringement in 1996.[citation needed] Johnson reunited with Harp, Mundy and Knauss in 1999 for the PBS special Doo Wop 50.

The Marcels were inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2002.[6]

Original lead singer Cornelius "Nini" Harp died on June 4, 2013 at the age of 73.[7]

Ronald "Bingo" Mundy (born on April 20, 1940)[8] died of pneumonia on January 20, 2017, at the age of 76.[9]

Fred Johnson died March 31, 2022, aged 80.[10]

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

Title Album details
Blue Moon
  • Released: July 1961
  • Label: Colpix

Singles[edit]

Title Year Peak chart positions
US
[11][12]
US R&B
[13]
AUS
[14]
BE (FLA)
[15]
BE (WA)
[16]
CAN
[17]
GER
[18]
NL
[19]
NOR
[20]
NZ
[21]
UK
[22]
"Blue Moon"
b/w "Goodbye to Love"
1961 1 1 4 4 5 1 13 6 4 1 1
"Summertime"
b/w "Teeter-Totter Love"
78 46
"You Are My Sunshine"
b/w "Find Another Fool"
"Heartaches"
b/w "My Love for You"
7 19 67 22
"Merry Twist-Mas"
b/w "Don't Cry for Me This Christmas"
"My Melancholy Baby"
b/w "Really Need Your Love"
1962 58
"Twistin' Fever"
b/w "Footprints in the Sand"
103
"Hold On"
b/w "Flowerpot"
"Friendly Loans"
b/w "Loved Her the Whole Week Through"
"Lollipop Baby"
b/w "Allright, Okay, You Win"
"Don't Turn Your Back on Me"
b/w "That Old Black Magic"
1963
"I Wanna Be the Leader"
b/w "Give Me Back Your Love"
"One Last Kiss"
b/w "Teeter Totter Love"
"Your Red Wagon ("You Can Push It, or Pull It")"
b/w "Comes Love"
1964
"How Deep Is the Ocean"
b/w "Lonely Boy"
"In the Still of the Night"
b/w "High on a Hill"
1973
"A Fallen Tear"
b/w "I'll Be Forever Loving You"
1975
"Sweet Was the Wine"
b/w "Over the Rainbow"
"Most of All"
b/w "Just Two People in the World"
"Letter Full of Tears" (as Walt Maddox and the Marcels)
b/w "How Do You Speak to an Angel"
1982
"Blue Moon" (as Walt Maddox and the Marcels)
b/w "Clap Your Hands (When I Clap My Hands)"
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or were not released in that territory.

Chart performance[edit]

"Blue Moon"

  • No.1 U.S.[23]
  • No.1 U.K.
  • No.1 Australia[24]
  • No.1 Ger/Fra
  • No.1 N.Z.

"Summertime"

  • No.78 U.S.[25]
  • No.38 Australia[24]
  • No.12 N.Z.

"Heartaches"

  • No.7 U.S.[23]
  • No.3 U.K.
  • No.15 Australia[24]

"My Melancholy Baby"

  • No.30 U.K.
  • No.7 Australia[24]

"Flowerpot"

  • No.10 N.Z.

"Friendly Loans"

"Teeter-Totter Love" (1963 version)

  • No.2 Australia (The song was well received in the city of Adelaide where it reached No.2 in August 1963)[26]

Filmography[edit]

The Marcels' popularity in 1961 was so great that they were included in the Oscar Rudolph film Twist Around the Clock. Released on December 30, 1961, with the tagline "It's Twist-eriffic! The first full-length movie about the Twist!" the film also showcased fellow artists Chubby Checker, Dion DiMucci, Vicki Spencer and singer-songwriter and TV show host turned actor Clay Cole. Allen Johnson, Gene Bricker, Cornelius Harp, Fred Johnson, Richard Knauss and Ronald Mundy of The Marcels were all included—and had speaking parts in addition to performing musical numbers. They sing "Merry Twist-Mas", which was released over Christmas 1961, though no chart action ensued.

This Annette Funicello and Frankie Avalon movie, about a millionaire who sets out to prove his theory that his pet chimpanzee is as intelligent as the teenagers who hang out on the local beach where he is intending to build a retirement home but ends in hilarious results, also included two of The Marcels, Gene Bricker and Cornelius Harp. They provided backing vocals for two songs, Avalon's "Gimme Your Love Yeah Yeah Yeah" and Little Stevie Wonder's "(Happy Feelin') Dance And Shout".

References[edit]

  1. ^ Morrow, Cousin Brucie; Maloof, Rich (2007). Doo wop : the music, the times, the era. New York: Sterling Pub. p. 152. ISBN 978-1402742767.
  2. ^ Marv Goldberg (2009). "The Marcels". Retrieved August 19, 2012.
  3. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 137. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
  4. ^ Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard Book of Number One Hits: The Inside Story Behind Every Number One Single on Billboard's Hot 100 from 1955 to the Present (5 ed.). Billboard Books. p. 87. ISBN 0-8230-7677-6.
  5. ^ "Official Charts Company - Marcels - Blue Moon". Official Charts Company. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
  6. ^ "The Marcels – Inductees – The Vocal Group Hall of Fame Foundation". Vocalgroup.org. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved April 15, 2012.
  7. ^ Doc Rock. "The Dead Rock Stars Club 2013 January to June". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
  8. ^ Mervis, Scott (January 25, 2017). "Obituary: Ronald "Bingo" Mundy / An original member of the Marcels April 20, 1940 – January 20, 2017". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved December 11, 2017.
  9. ^ "Marcels singer Ronald 'Bingo' Mundy dies at 76". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 24, 2017.[dead link]
  10. ^ "Fred Johnson, The Founding Member Of The Marcels, Dies At 80". KDKA-TV. April 3, 2022. Retrieved April 4, 2022.
  11. ^ "The Marcels". Billboard. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  12. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1982). Joel Whitburn's Bubbling Under the Hot 100 1959–1981. Record Research. p. 106. ISBN 9780898200478.
  13. ^ "The Marcels". Billboard. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  14. ^ Kent, David (2005). Australian Chart Book 1940–1969. Australian Chart Book Pty Ltd, Turramurra, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-44439-5.
  15. ^ "ultratop.be - ULTRATOP BELGIAN CHARTS". www.ultratop.be. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  16. ^ "ultratop.be - ULTRATOP BELGIAN CHARTS". www.ultratop.be. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  17. ^ "The CHUM Tribute Site: 1961 charts". chumtribute.com. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  18. ^ "Suche - Offizielle Deutsche Charts". www.offiziellecharts.de. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  19. ^ "Dutch Charts - dutchcharts.nl". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  20. ^ "norwegiancharts.com - Norwegian charts portal". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  21. ^ "flavour of new zealand - search lever". www.flavourofnz.co.nz. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  22. ^ "MARCELS | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  23. ^ a b c "Search Results For: "The Marcels"". Billboard.com. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  24. ^ a b c d e 2UE Top 40 Official Music Charts for Sydney, Australia 1961, 1962 and 1963
  25. ^ "The Marcels – Chart history | Billboard". Billboard.com. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
  26. ^ 7KW Official Big 60 for South Australia including Barossa Valleys and Adelaide City Centre for 1961 through 1966

External links[edit]