Bicentennial National Trail
The Bicentennial National Trail (BNT), originally known as the National Horse Trail, is one of the longest multi-use, non-motorised, self-reliant trails in the world, stretching 5,330 kilometres from Cooktown, Queensland, through New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory to Healesville, 60 km north-east of Melbourne, Victoria. This trail runs the length of the rugged Great Dividing Range through national parks, private property and alongside wilderness areas. The BNT follows old coach roads, stock routes, brumby tracks, rivers and fire trails. It was originally intended for horses, but is these days promoted also for cycling and walking, though it is not yet entirely suited to these two activities.
The trail was initiated and planned by the Australian Trail Horse Riders Association. The Association spent many years planning and negotiating a route that linked up the mustering, brumby tracks, pack horse trails, historic coach roads and stock routes, thus providing an opportunity to legally ride the routes of stockmen and drovers who once travelled these areas.
The development of this idea was left to a committee led by R. M. Williams and coordinated and planned by Brian Taylor  in cooperation with the Australian Trail Horse Riders Association affiliated clubs, farmers, landowners and government agencies. Dan Seymour was sponsored by R.M. Williams to find a route along the Great Dividing Range, and to promote enthusiasm for the proposal. Seymour volunteered to ride the Trail and set off from Ferntree Gully, Victoria in February 1972 with two saddle horses, a packhorse and 'Bluey', his blue heeler cattle dog. The Association provided Dan with encouragement during this lengthy journey. His twenty-one month ride finished in Cooktown, Queensland in September 1973. Dan's journey, which was regularly reported, created increased interest in the formation of the Trail.
In 1978 the first mail was carried along the route, initially known as the National Horse Trail, from Cooktown by a group of registered riders. These riders were acknowledged with a commemorative medallion.
The Trail committee proposed that the concept be made a project to celebrate Australia's Bicentenary in 1988. The suggestion was accepted, and funding of $300,000 was granted to research, mark a route and print guidebooks. In November 1988, this had been accomplished and the Trail was opened. Since the Trail opened, people have travelled all or parts of the Trail with camels and donkeys, as well as horses and mountain bikes.
People who have completed the Trail
Those who have completed the entire Trail include:
- 1989: Ken Roberts and Sharon Muir Watson (Cooktown to Healesville, with horses). Roberts and Watson were the first to complete the Trail by horse north to south.
- 1991: Arlene Christopherson (Healesville to Cooktown, with horses). Christopherson was the first to complete the Trail by horse from south to north.
- 1991: Anthony Mair and Melissa Weeks (Healesville to Cooktown, with horses).
- 1994: Gabrielle Schenk (Cooktown to Healesville, with horses).
- 1995: Darryl (Doc) Eckley and Robyn Surry (Healesville to Cooktown)
- 1997: Peter Spotswood (Cooktown to Healesville, with horses)
- 1999: Geoff Daniel (Healesville to Cooktown, with horses)
- 1999: Ed and Maria Van Zelderen. (Cooktown to Healsevllle to Cooktown, with horses). The Van Zelderens were the first to ride the Trail in both directions.
- 2000: Urs Marquardt and Karin Heitzmann (Cooktown to Healesville, with horses).
- 2000: Dyane Sabourin and Geoff Grundy, with daughters Angela and Serena (Cooktown to Healesville, with 12 horses)
- 2003: Therese Hanna (Healesville to Cooktown, with horses)
The Trail links eighteen of Australia's national parks and more than 50 state forests, providing access to some of the wildest, most remote country in the world. The Trail is suitable for self-reliant horse riders, walkers and mountain bike riders. Parts of the Trail, such as some of the Jenolan Caves to Kosciuszko section, are suitable for horse-drawn vehicles. The Trail is not open to motorised vehicles or trail bikes, and pets are not permitted. The Trail is divided into 12 sections of 400 to 500 kilometres, each with a corresponding guide book.
- Cooktown to Gunnawarra; the Trail passes through rain forest, gold fields and historical tin mining towns.
- Gunnawarra to Collinsville, through the grazing country of far north Queensland.
- Collinsville to Kabra
- Kabra to Biggenden
- Biggenden to Blackbutt
- Blackbutt, Queensland to the New South Wales border at Cullendore; this section of the Trail follows the Brisbane Valley Rail Trail.
- Killarney to Ebor; this is a rugged remote section that follows the Guy Fawkes River through Guy Fawkes River National Park and across Waterfall Way.
- Ebor to Barrington Tops; another rugged remote section that passes through Oxley Wild Rivers National Park. After passing Ebor the trail crosses the Point Lookout Road before it passes briefly through Cunnawarra National Park. It then runs on the east of Georges River until it crosses the Armidale to Kempsey Road. The Trail is mostly unmarked as it follows the Macleay River past the historic East Kunderang homestead in Oxley Wild Rivers National Park. Following Kunderang Brook it winds its way to mustering huts at Left Hand Hut, the remote Middle Yards Hut, Youdale’s Hut and to Cedar Creek on the edge of Werrikimbe National Park. After crossing the Oxley Highway the Trail passes through the Mummel Gulf National Park. This section takes at least five days to travel and all food and equipment has to be carried. There are numerous creek and river crossings, with some steep ascents and descents.
- Barrington Tops to Jenolan Caves
- Jenolan Caves to Kosciuszko
- Mt Kosciuszko to Omeo, including the Tom Groggin Track
- Omeo to Healesville, near Melbourne
|Ebor, New South Wales|
|Cunnawarra National Park|
|Oxley Wild Rivers National Park|
|Werrikimbe National Park|
|Mummel Gulf National Park|
|Barrington Tops National Park|
- Bicentennial National Trail Retrieved 2009-10-10
- Bushwalking - Bicentennial National Trail
- "Bushwalking the Bicentennial National Trail". Retrieved 2008-04-10.
- "Bicentennial National Trail". A Swag of Memories. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
- The Bicentennial National Trail, Welcome to One of the World's Great Natural Adventures
- "Section Six – Blackbutt to the Border". The Bicentennial National Trail. The Bicentennial National Trail Ltd. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- NSW Wilderness Red Index - Guy Fawkes Retrieved on 12 December 2012