The Singing Hill
|The Singing Hill|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Lew Landers|
|Produced by||Harry Grey|
|Screenplay by||Olive Cooper|
|Music by||Raoul Kraushaar (supervisor)|
|Edited by||Lester Orlebeck|
|Distributed by||Republic Pictures|
The Singing Hill is a 1941 American Western film directed by Lew Landers and starring Gene Autry, Smiley Burnette, and Virginia Dale. Based on a story by Jesse Lasky Jr. and Richard Murphy, the film is about a singing cowboy and foreman of a ranch that may be sold to an unstrupulous banker by the young madcap heiress who is unaware that the sale will result in the local ranchers losing their free grazing land and their ranches. In the film, Autry introduced the song "Blueberry Hill" which would become a standard recorded by such artists as Louis Armstrong (1949), Fats Domino (1956), and Elvis Presley (1957).[N 1] The song became one of Autry's best-selling recordings. In 1987, "Blueberry Hill" received an ASCAP Award for Most Performed Feature Film Standards on TV.
Singing cowboy Gene Autry (Gene Autry) is the foreman of the Circle R Ranch, which has been in the Adams family for generations. The ranchers in the area have enjoyed free grazing rights on the Circle R for years. Recently, the madcap heiress of the ranch, beautiful Jo Adams (Virginia Dale), negotiated the sale of the ranch in order to pay off some of her debts. She accepted a $25,000 down payment, with an option to purchase in 60 days, from unscrupulous cattle broker John Ramsey (George Meeker) who is conspiring with Adams' business manager James Morgan (Harry Stubbs) to buy the ranch and cut off grazing rights to the ranchers.
As the head of the cattlemen's association, Gene is accused of betraying the ranchers after they learn that the Circle R is being sold and that their grazing rights, bequeathed to them by Jo's late grandfather, will be taken away. Without access to the Circle R pasture lands, most of the ranches in the area will go bankrupt. Determined to persuade Jo to change her mind, Gene and his pals, Frog Millhouse (Smiley Burnette), Cactus Mack (Cactus Mack), and Patsy (Mary Lee), drive to Jo's palatial house in the city. The scatterbrained Jo mistakes them for the band hired to play at her birthday party that evening, and they perform in order to stay.
After the party, Gene explains who they are and urges Jo to return to the ranch and run it the way her grandfather did. The frivolous heiress, however, has no intention of changing her extravagant lifestyle. With few options available to him, Gene abducts Jo and her butler, Dada (Gerald Oliver Smith), and takes them back to the Circle R Ranch, where Pop Sloan (Wade Boteler), a rancher who has known Jo all her life, has organized a welcoming party for her. Despite her appreciation, Jo tells Gene that she is broke and has to sell the ranch to pay her debts.
Soon after, Gene approaches Judge Henry Starbottle (Spencer Charters) and explains the impact the sale of the Circle R would have on the ranchers in the area. They conspire to have Jo declared legally incompetent in order to buy some time. At the hearing, Henry rules that she is to become a ward of the court, and Gene is placed in charge of the ranch until Jo can prove her competency.
In order to raise enough money to repay Ramsey his down payment, Gene and the ranchers drive their cattle to market. When Ramsey learns of their intentions, he sends his henchmen to blow up a dam and flood the valley through which the cattle are passing.[N 2] The dam is destroyed and the cattle stampede. In the ensuing chaos, most of the cattle are drowned or dispersed, and Gene is barely able to save Pop from drowning.
Meanwhile, Jo wins her competency hearing, regains control over the ranch, and quickly fires Gene and the other Circle R cowboys. As the men are packing to leave, Jo arrives to say goodbye to the men, but is distressed to see families who will be displaced because of her actions. She drives away, but is stopped on the road by Judge Henry, who tells her that she must say goodbye to Pop before she leaves. Jo is overcome with grief when the judge brings her to the old man's funeral; the old man did not survive his ordeal.
Later, after Jo reveals that she told Ramsey about the cattle drive, Gene realizes that Ramsey was behind the dam explosion. When Jo tells him that she now intends to keep the ranch, Gene devises a plan, sending her to Ramsey's office where she tells him that Gene is holding Morgan in an attempt to get information from him. Worried that Morgan will implicate him in the dam explosion, Ramsey hires a group of gunmen to kill Gene. When the hired guns sneak onto the Circle R that night, they are beaten and captured by Gene and the ranch hands. Gene himself apprehends Ramsey after giving the corrupt cattle broker a beating. Afterwards, the ranchers are promised a good deal on their next herds, and Jo keeps Gene as her foreman.
- Gene Autry as Gene Autry
- Smiley Burnette as Frog Millhouse
- Virginia Dale as Jo Adams
- Mary Lee as Patsy
- Spencer Charters as Judge Henry Starrbottle
- Gerald Oliver Smith as 'Dada' the Butler
- George Meeker as John R. Ramsey
- Wade Boteler as Pop Sloan
- Harry Stubbs as James Morgan
- Cactus Mack as Cactus Mack
- Jack Kirk as Rancher Flint
- Frankie Marvin as Short Dancing Cowhand
- William H. O'Brien as Butler
- Dan White as Rancher (uncredited)
- Champion as Gene's Horse (uncredited)
Filming and budget
Virginia Dale was a former Earl Carroll showgirl. Working for Paramount as a contract player, she was loaned out to Republic Pictures for The Singing Hill when the studio's original choice, Patricia Morison refused the part because of the unsuitability of the story and the clothes.
- Andy Jauregui Ranch, Placerita Canyon Road, Newhall, California, USA
- Walker Ranch, Placerita Canyon Road, Newhall, California, USA
- Red Rock Canyon State Park, Highway 14, Cantil, California, USA
- "Blueberry Hill" (Al Lewis, Larry Stock, Vincent Rose) by Gene Autry
- "The Last Round-Up" (Billy Hill) by Gene Autry
- "Let a Smile Be Your Umbrella on a Rainy Day" (Sammy Fain, Irving Kahal, Francis Wheeler)
- "Tumbledown Shack in Havana" (Jule Styne, Eddie Cherkose, Sol Meyer) by Virginia Dale
- "Sail the Seven Seas" (Smiley Burnette) by Smiley Burnette and Mary Lee
- "Patsy's Birthday Routine" (Jule Styne, Sol Meyer)
- "Ridin' Down That Old Texas Trail" (Milt Mabie, Dott Massey) by Gene Autry, Smiley Burnette, Cactus Mack, and Mary Lee
- "Good Old-Fashioned Hoedown" by Gene Autry
- "There'll Never Be Another Pal Like You" (Gene Autry, Johnny Marvin)
- The song was also recorded by Gene Krupa (1940), the Glenn Miller Orchestra (1940), Kay Kyser (1940), Jimmy Dorsey (1940), Little Richard (1958), Ricky Nelson (1958), Andy Williams (1959), Duane Eddy (1959), Bill Haley & His Comets (1960), Cliff Richard (1962), The Everly Brothers, Led Zeppelin (1970), Loretta Lynn (1971), Jerry Lee Lewis (1973), The Beach Boys (1976), and Link Wray (1982).
- The dam used in The Singing Hill was a miniature built by the Lydecker brothers for Ralph Byrd's Born to Be Wild (1938). It was later used in the serials Dick Tracy Returns (1938) and King of the Texas Rangers (1941).
- "The Singing Hill". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- Magers 2007, pp. 187–188.
- "Blueberry Hill". Allmusic. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- Magers 2007, p. 188.
- "Vincent Rose Song Catalog". Songwriters Hall of Fame. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "Awards for The Singing Hill". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- Magers 2007, p. 187.
- "Full cast and crew for The Singing Hill". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "Locations for The Singing Hill". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- "Soundtracks for The Singing Hill". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
- George-Warren, Holly (2007). Public Cowboy no. 1: The Life and Times of Gene Autry. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195177466.
- Green, Douglas B. (2002). Singing in the Saddle: The History of the Singing Cowboy. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press. ISBN 978-0826514127.
- Magers, Boyd (2007). Gene Autry Westerns. Madison, NC: Empire Publishing, Inc. ISBN 978-0944019498.