The Subtle Knife
|Cover artist||Philip Pullman & David Scutt|
|Series||His Dark Materials|
|Media type||Print (hardback & paperback)|
|Preceded by||Northern Lights (The Golden Compass)|
|Followed by||The Amber Spyglass|
The Subtle Knife, the second book in the His Dark Materials series, is a young-adult fantasy novel written by Philip Pullman and published in 1997. The novel continues the adventures of Lyra Belacqua as she investigates the mysterious Dust phenomenon and searches for her father. Will Parry is introduced as a companion to Lyra, and together they explore the new realms to which they have both been introduced.
Twelve-year-old Will Parry cares for his sick mother in Oxford. When he accidentally kills an intruder, he runs away and discovers a portal to a parallel universe. In the seemingly deserted city of Cittàgazze, he encounters 12-year-old Lyra Silvertongue and her dæmon Pantalaimon, who arrived via a hole in the sky created by her father, Lord Asriel.
The witch Serafina Pekkala discovers that the Magisterium, the theocratic authority in Lyra's world, and Lyra's mother, Mrs. Coulter, are torturing a witch to discover the prophecy that concerns Lyra. Serafina votes to join Lord Asriel against the Magisterium. Lyra's ally Lee Scoresby ventures out to find the explorer Stanislaus Grumman, who is rumoured to know of an object that gives protection to whoever holds it.
Will and Lyra decide to go to Will's world to gather more information; Will wants to learn about his father, who vanished during an expedition, and Lyra is looking for scholars who know about Dust, mysterious particles with some connection to consciousness. On the advice of Lyra's alethiometer, her truth-telling device, she meets the physicist Dr. Mary Malone, who is studying dark matter.
After accepting a lift from a gentleman introducing himself as Sir Charles Latrom, Lyra discovers that he has stolen her alethiometer. Sir Charles forces Will and Lyra into retrieving a mysterious knife from Cittàgazze for the alethiometer's return. They defeat the youth who holds the knife, but Will receives a distinctive wound – the loss of two fingers – which the knife's true guardian explains is the sign of its next bearer. The knife can cut any material, physical or spiritual, and can even be used to cut holes between the different universes. The guardian also explains that this world is haunted by soul-eating Spectres, which prey on older children and adults but are invisible to children.
Will uses the knife to cut a hole from Cittàgazze into Charles's home. They overhear a conversation with Mrs Coulter and Lyra realises that he is really Lord Boreal, who came to Will's world long ago. Will also hears news of his father, who discovered a doorway between the worlds. They escape to Cittàgazze with the alethiometer and are rescued from marauding children by Serafina, who attempts unsuccessfully to heal Will's wound with a spell.
Dr. Malone is visited by Sir Charles, who threatens to use his connections to cut their funding if they do not co-operate with his wishes. Dr. Malone returns at night to follow Lyra's suggestion to communicate with the dark matter using a machine of her invention. The dark matter instructs her to travel through the same window between worlds used by Will and Lyra, and that her role is to "play the serpent".
Lee Scoresby finds Grumman living as a shaman known as Jopari, an abbreviation of his original name, John Parry, Will's father. Grumman has summoned Scoresby to take him to the bearer of the knife and assist in Lord Asriel's rebellion against the Authority. They set off in Scoresby's hot air balloon but are forced to land by Magisterium soldiers. Scoresby dies holding off the soldiers so that Grumman can complete his task.
Mrs. Coulter tricks Charles into revealing the secret of the knife and kills him. She uses the spectres, which she has learned to control, to torture a witch into revealing the prophecy: Lyra is the second Eve. Mrs. Coulter plans to destroy Lyra rather than risk a second Fall.
Serafina goes to aid Scoresby, having heard his last plea for help, and Will encounters Grumman, who staunches the bleeding in his hand and instructs him in his task. They begin to realise they are long-separated father and son, but a moment later Grumman is killed by a vengeful witch who loved Grumman, who once spurned her love. Will returns to camp to find a pair of angels, Balthamos and Baruch, waiting to guide him to Lord Asriel. He goes to awaken Lyra, but discovers she is missing and her guardian witches have been killed by spectres. Will finds her alethiometer and refuses to go with the angels until he finds Lyra.
Parents' Choice Gold Book Award; American Library Association Best Book for Young Adults; Booklist Editors' Choice; Publishers Weekly Best Book of the Year; Horn Book Fanfare Honor Book; Bulletin Blue Ribbon Book; Book Links Best Book of the Year; American Bookseller Pick of the Lists
Before the release of The Golden Compass, a film adaptation of the first book in the series, on 7 December 2007, New Line Cinema said that an adaptation of The Subtle Knife would go into production only if the first film was a success. The Golden Compass made over twice its budget worldwide but was a disappointment in the United States, leaving the fate of its sequel unclear. The international rights were also originally sold to provide financing for the first film, thus amounting to a significant disappointment for New Line Cinema. Producer Deborah Forte, however, was adamant that she will finish the trilogy, saying, "I believe there are enough people who see what a viable and successful franchise we have." However, Philip Pullman later remarked at the British Humanist Association annual conference in 2011 that due to the first film's disappointing sales in the United States, there would not be any sequels made.
An audiobook adaptation, featuring a full cast and narration by the author, was released in 2002. See The Subtle Knife Audio.
As the second novel of the His Dark Materials trilogy, the book has also formed part of a radio drama on BBC Radio 4, starring Terence Stamp as Lord Asriel and Lulu Popplewell as Lyra, and as a two-part, six-hour performance for London's Royal National Theatre in December 2003, running until March 2004, and starring Anna Maxwell Martin as Lyra, Dominic Cooper as Will, Timothy Dalton as Lord Asriel and Patricia Hodge as Mrs Coulter, and a second run between November 2004 and April 2005.
- Mcnary, Dave (4 January 2007). "New Line pulls in pic scribe: Amini to pen second part of Pullman trilogy". Variety, Los Angeles. Retrieved 13 December 2007.
- Dawtrey, Adam (13 March 2008). "'Compass' spins foreign frenzy". Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved 13 March 2008.
- Lenz, Millicent (2005). His Dark Materials Illuminated: Critical Essays on Phillip Pullman's Trilogy. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3207-2.
- Frost, Laurie (2006). The Elements of His Dark Materials. The Fell Press.