Theodor Magnus Fries

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Theodor Magnus Fries
Theodor Magnus Fries.jpg
Born(1832-10-28)28 October 1832[1]
Femsjö, Sweden
Died29 March 1913(1913-03-29) (aged 80)
Uppsala, Sweden
Scientific career
FieldsBotany, Lichenology
Author abbrev. (botany)Th.Fr.

Theodor Magnus Fries (28 October 1832 – 29 March 1913), the son of Elias Magnus Fries, was a Swedish botanist and lichenologist.

Following in his father's footsteps, Fries studied botany, obtaining his doctoral degree in 1857 at Uppsala. He became a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1865 and professor of botany and applied economics at Uppsala in 1877.[2] His most notable work was Lichenographia scandinavica (1871–1874). He also produced a two-volume biography of Carl Linnaeus (1903).

His sons Thore Christian Elias Fries and Robert Elias Fries also became botanists.


  1. ^ Nordisk Familjebok Volume 8. Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förlags aktiebolag. 1908. p. 1397. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  2. ^ Jorgensen, Per Magnus. 2001. Th. M. Fries (1832–1913), a Grand Scandinavian Lichenologist. The Bryologist 104 (4):537–542
  3. ^ IPNI.  Th.Fr.

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