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Theodore McMillian (January 28, 1919 in St. Louis – January 18, 2006) was the first African American to serve on the Missouri Court of Appeals, and the first African American to serve on the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.
McMillian served as assistant circuit attorney, St. Louis City, 1953–1956, and circuit judge, St. Louis City, 1956-1972. He was a faculty member at University of Missouri-St. Louis, the National College of State Judiciary, University of Nevada, Reno, and a lecturer at Saint Louis University School of Law. He served as board chairperson, Human Development Corporation, local CAP agency; Minority Economic Development Agency; Herbert Hoover’s Boys Club of St. Louis; board member, American Judicature Society; Blue Cross Hospital Association; and Urban League. Member: St. Louis University’s President’s Council and board of trustees, St. Louis Junior College District. Appointed to the Missouri Court of Appeals, Eastern District, by Governor Warren E. Hearnes, October 26, 1972. He was the first African-American to serve on the Court. Retained in 1974. Resigned from the Missouri Court of Appeals in 1978 to accept an appointment to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit.
Judge McMillian served on the Eighth Circuit in active status until July 1, 2003, when he took senior status. He continued to serve on the court as senior judge until 2006, when he died in St. Louis.
- Theodore McMillian at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
William Duane Benton