Theodore Tilton (October 2, 1835 – May 29, 1907) was an Americannewspapereditor, poet and abolitionist. He was born in New York City to Silas Tilton and Eusebia Tilton (same surname). On his twentieth birthday, October 2, 1855, he married Elizabeth Richards, known as Libby Tilton. Tilton's newspaper work was fully supportive of abolitionism and the Northern cause in the American Civil War.
Following the apparent acquittal of Beecher in the trial (the public view was ambivalent to his acquittal), Tilton moved to Paris, where he lived for the rest of his life. In the 1880s, Tilton frequently played chess with fellow American exile (but ex-Confederate) Judah Benjamin, until the latter died in 1884.