Thiri Pyissaya

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Thiri Pyissaya
သီရိပစ္စယာ
Bagan
Temples in Bagan
Temples in Bagan
Thiri Pyissaya is located in Myanmar
Thiri Pyissaya
Thiri Pyissaya
Location of Bagan, Burma
Coordinates: 21°10′N 94°52′E / 21.167°N 94.867°E / 21.167; 94.867
Country Burma
Region Mandalay Region
Founded 12 December 950
Population
 • Ethnicities Bamar
 • Religions Theravada Buddhism
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Thiri Pyissaya (Burmese: သီရိပစ္စယာ, pronounced [θìɹḭ pjɪʔsəjà]; also spelled Thiri Pyitsaya and Siripaccaya) is a classical name of the city of Bagan (Pagan), Myanmar. According to the Hmannan Yazawin chronicle, King Thinli Kyaung I (r. 344–387) moved the palace to Thiri Pyissaya, not far from the original site at Arimaddana (modern Nyaung U). It ceased being the site of the palace when King Thaik Taing (r. 516–523) moved the palace to Tampawaddy, near Thiri Pyissaya.[1]

The chronicle Zatadawbon Yazawin disagrees with Hmannan, stating that the city was founded on Thursday, 1st waxing of Pyatho 312 Saka Era (Saturday, 22 December 390 CE).[2] However, archaeological evidence so far indicates that the earliest human settlement in the Pagan region dates only from the mid-7th century CE.[3] Therefore the date may likely be the Burmese calendar. Indeed, 1st waxing of Pyatho 312 ME (12 December 950 CE) was a Thursday.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maha Yazawin Vol. 1 2006: 139–141
  2. ^ a b Zata 1960: 53
  3. ^ Aung-Thwin 2005: 185

Bibliography[edit]

  • Aung-Thwin, Michael A. (2005). The Mists of Rāmañña: The Legend that was Lower Burma (illustrated ed.). Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. ISBN 9780824828868. 
  • Kala, U (1724). Maha Yazawin (in Burmese). 1–3 (2006, 4th printing ed.). Yangon: Ya-Pyei Publishing. 
  • Royal Historians of Burma (c. 1680). U Hla Tin (Hla Thamein), ed. Zatadawbon Yazawin (1960 ed.). Historical Research Directorate of the Union of Burma.