Thomas Dix Hincks

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Thomas Dix Hincks (1767 in Dublin, Ireland – 1857 in Belfast, Ireland) was an Irish orientalist and naturalist. He was a founder member of the Belfast Natural History Society and a Member of the Royal Irish Academy.

Hincks was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. He was ordained a Presbyterian minister and worked at the Old Presbyterian Church (Unitarian) on Princes Street in Cork. After teaching in the Cork Institution, which he founded, he taught in Fermoy, County Cork. In 1821 he was appointed Master of the Classical School at the Belfast Academical Institution, in 1822 becoming Professor of Oriental Languages. He gained a Doctorate in Laws from Glasgow University in 1834. He wrote A Greek-English Lexicon. Containing all the words that occur in the books used in most schools and collegiate courses London: Whittaker & Co. Dublin and edited the Munster Agricultural Magazine in Cork. For Rees's Cyclopædia he contributed the article on Ireland (Vol 19), 1811 and other Irish topics. The Philosophical Magazine article (1820) also says he wrote about Geography. Hincks was the father of three distinguished sons: (1) the Orientalist, Edward Hincks (2) William Hincks, Professor of Natural History, and (3) Sir Francis Hincks, Canadian politician and Governor of Barbados.


  • Nash, R. and Ross, H.C.G. The development of natural history in early 19th century Ireland in From Linnaeus to Darwin: commentaries on the history of biology and geology Society for the bibliography of Natural History 13:27-
  • Foster, John Wilson; Helena C. G. Chesney, eds. (1997). Nature in Ireland: A Scientific and Cultural History. Dublin: Lilliput Press. ISBN 1-874675-29-5. 

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