Royal Irish Academy
|Founder||James Caulfeild, 1st Earl of Charlemont|
|Headquarters||19 Dawson Street, Dublin 2,|
|Michael Peter Kennedy|
The Royal Irish Academy (RIA; Irish: Acadamh Ríoga na hÉireann), based in Dublin, is an all-Ireland, independent academic body that promotes study and excellence in the sciences, humanities and social sciences. It is one of Ireland's premier learned societies and cultural institutions, and currently has around 501 members including Honorary Members, elected in recognition of their academic achievements. The Academy was established in 1785 and granted a royal charter in 1786.
Until the late 19th century the Royal Irish Academy was also the owner of the main national collection of Irish antiquities. It presented its collection of archaeological artefacts and similar items, which included such famous pieces as the Tara Brooch, the Cross of Cong and the Ardagh Chalice to what is now the National Museum of Ireland, but retains its very significant collection of manuscripts including the famous Cathach of Colmcille, the Book of the Dun Cow (c. 1100), the later medieval Leabhar Breac, the Book of Ballymote, and the Annals of the Four Masters.
The Academy has issued the following mission statement:
The Royal Irish Academy, the academy for the sciences and humanities for the whole of Ireland, will vigorously promote excellence in scholarship, recognise achievements in learning, direct research programmes and undertake its own research projects, particularly in areas relating to Ireland and its heritage.
It will reflect upon, advise on and contribute to, public debate and public policy formation on issues of major interest in science, technology and culture.
It will continue to offer an independent forum to Irish scholars, it will provide a network of support for scholarly disciplines through its network of academy committees, it will maintain and enhance its unique library, it will publish scholarly papers and it will represent the world of Irish learning internationally.
Election to Membership of the Royal Irish Academy is a public recognition of academic excellence and is sometimes held to be the highest academic honour in Ireland. Those elected are entitled to use the designation "MRIA" after their name. The criterion for election to Membership is a significant contribution to scholarly research as shown in the candidate's published academic work. However some of those elected to membership are not academics at all but receive the accolade in recognition of other contributions to society - these include former public servants, philanthropists, leaders in political and business life, and others (see Notable Members below).
To be elected, a candidate has to be proposed and recommended by five Members, and selection is made by a rotating committee of existing Members, their names not made known outside the Academy. Presently, twenty Members are elected each year, equally divided between the sciences and humanities. Membership is open only to those resident in Ireland.
Honorary Membership can be awarded to persons who have made outstanding contribution to their academic discipline, but who are normally resident outside the island of Ireland. At least two existing Members must propose and recommend a candidate for Honorary Membership. Honorary members are entitled to use the designation "Hon. MRIA" after their name.
The Academy is one of the longest-established publishers in Ireland, beginning in 1787. The Academy currently publishes six journals: Ériu, Irish Studies in International Affairs, Mathematical Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy Section C, Irish Journal of Earth Sciences and Biology and Environment . The Academy's research projects also regularly publish the Irish Historic Towns Atlas series, the Documents on Irish Foreign Policy, Foclóir na nua-Ghaeilge, the Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources, and the New Survey of Clare Island. In 2014 the Academy published (in association with Yale University Press) the five-volume Art and Architecture of Ireland.
The Academy is committed to publishing work which not only influences scholarship, but also the wider community, for example Flashes of Brilliance by Dick Ahlstrom, and Judging Dev by Diarmaid Ferriter. Both of these publications have been accompanied by either a television or a radio series.
During the 1950s the Academy began forming national committees, each relating to a specific discipline. Today the main focus of the Academy committees is to serve as a strategic vehicle for the disciplines they represent, and to act as a national forum, providing input into policy, research priorities and issues of public concern, such as climate change. They also organise public outreach activities, such as lectures and public interviews, and award grants for research and travel. The Academy committees are made up of both Members and non-Members, including representatives from universities, research institutions, government agencies and, where appropriate, industry.
Science Committees: Climate Change and Environmental Sciences; Engineering and Computer Sciences; Geosciences and Geographical Sciences; Life and Medical Sciences; Physical, Chemical and Mathematical Sciences
Humanities and Social Sciences Committees: Ethical, Political, Legal and Philosophical Studies; Historical Studies; Social Sciences; Study of Languages, Literature, Culture and Communication; Coiste Léann na Gaeilge, Litríocht na Gaeilge agus na gCultúr Ceilteach
In 1852 the Royal Irish Academy moved from 114 Grafton Street to its current premises at 19 Dawson Street, Dublin 2, known as "Academy House". Built in c.1750, the building has some fine decorative plasterwork and a handsome meeting room designed in 1854 by Frederick Clarendon and now used for conferences, exhibitions and public talks. Academy House was home to many of Ireland's finest national treasures, including the Ardagh Chalice and the Tara Brooch, until 1890 when the Academy transferred its collections to the newly established National Museum of Ireland.
The Academy Library holds the largest collection of Old Irish manuscripts in the world. It is an important research centre for studies covering Irish history, language, archaeology and the history of Irish science. The Library is home to the sixth-century Latin psalter, the Cathach, reputedly copied by St Columcille. The Library also holds the personal library of Thomas Moore and the philological collection of Osborn J. Bergin.
See also Category:Royal Irish Academy Library
The Academy manages a number of high-profile research projects in the sciences and humanities. Past projects have included The Digital Humanities Observatory (DHO), New Survey of Clare Island(NSCI) and The Origins of the Irish Constitution (OIC).
- Dictionary of Irish Biography (DIB)
- Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources (DMLCS)
- Documents on Irish Foreign Policy (DIFP)
- Foclóir na nua-Ghaeilge (Dictionary of Modern Irish)
- Irish Historic Towns Atlas (IHTA)
The President and Council are responsible for the Academy's general government and regulation. They are elected annually at the Stated Meeting on 16 March. The President normally serves a three-year term of office. The membership of Council is drawn from the Sciences and Humanities sections. Council formulates policies, and recommends candidates for membership.
The Executive Committee supports the Council in supervising the day-to-day business of the Academy. The members of the Executive Committee are the President, Senior Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Secretaries of Science and PL&A (Polite Literature & Antiquities, i.e. Humanities), Executive Secretary, Secretary for International Relations, and a staff representative.
The Royal Irish Academy became a prescribed body under the terms of the Freedom of Information Act 1997 and the Freedom of Information Act (Amendment) 2003, on 31 May 2006.
Current and past presidents
- 2017: Michael Peter Kennedy
- 2014: Mary E. Daly 
- 2011: Luke Drury
- 2008: Nicholas Canny
- 2005: James Slevin
- 2002: Michael E. F. Ryan
- 1999: David Spearman
- 1996: Michael Herity
- 1993: John O. Scanlan
- 1990: Aidan Clark
- 1987–1990: James Dooge
- 1985–1987: T. K. Whitaker
- 1982: William Arthur Watts
- 1979: Proinsias Mac Cana
- 1976–1979: Frank Mitchell
- 1973: David Greene
- 1970–1973: Vincent C. Barry
- 1967–1970: Joseph J. Raftery (1913–1992)
- 1966–1967: Myles Dillon
- 1964–1966: Joseph Doyle (1891–1974)
- 1961–1964: John Lighton Synge
- 1958–1961: Aubrey Osborn Gwynn
- 1955–1958: James O’Connor, (1886-1974)
- 1952–1955: Patrick Joseph Boylan, (1879–1974)
- 1949–1952: John James Nolan
- 1946–1949: Thomas Percy Claude Kirkpatrick
- 1943–1946: Richard Irvine Best
- 1940-1943: Eoin MacNeill 
- 1937–1940: Arthur William Conway
- 1934–1937: Edward John Gwynn
- 1931–1934: Robert Lloyd Praeger
- 1926–1931: Robert Alexander Stewart Macalister
- 1921–1926: Sidney Young
- 1916–1921: John Henry Bernard
- 1911–1916: John Pentland Mahaffy
- 1907: Francis Alexander Tarleton
- 1901–1906: Robert Atkinson
- 1896–1901: Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse
- 1892–1896: John Kells Ingram 
- 1891–1892: William Reeves (died 1892)
- 1886–1891: Samuel Haughton
- 1882–1886: Samuel Ferguson
- 1877–1882: Robert Kane
- 1874–1876: William Stokes
- 1869–1874: John Hewitt Jellett
- 1866–1869: James Talbot, 4th Baron Talbot de Malahide
- 1861–1866: Charles Graves
- 1856–1861: James Henthorn Todd
- 1851–1856: Thomas Romney Robinson
- 1846–1851: Humphrey Lloyd
- 1837–1846: Sir William Rowan Hamilton
- 1835–1837: Bartholomew Lloyd
- 1822–1835: John Brinkley
- 1812–1822: Charles Bury, 1st Earl of Charleville
- 1799–1812: Richard Kirwan
- 1785–1799: James Caulfeild, 1st Earl of Charlemont (1st president)
After a period of uncertainty and experimentation regarding the terms and conditions of the award, it was agreed in 1848 that the medals would be open to the authors of works or essays in the areas of Science, Polite Literature and Antiquities, published in Ireland or about Irish subjects.
The Medal is awarded every three years to Members of the Academy in recognition of "outstanding contributions to scholarship and the objectives of the Academy" 
- 2017: Dervilla M. X. Donnelly (chemistry)
- 2014: Patrick Honohan (economics)
- 2011: John V McCanny (microelectronics)
- 2008: Seamus Heaney (poetry)
- 2005: Denis L. Weaire (physics)
- 2001: Daniel Joseph Bradley (physics); Maurice Craig (architectural history); Sir Bernard Crossland (engineering); David Beers Quinn (history)
- 1989: Frank Mitchell (natural history)
- 1885: John Christian Malet (mathematics)
- 1884: John Birmingham (astronomy)
- 1883: Edward Perceval Wright (editing Proceedings of RIA)
- 1881: Howard Grubb (astronomy)
- 1879: Robert Stawell Ball (mathematics); William Archer (natural history)
- 1878: George James Allman (natural history); Edward Dowden (literary criticism); Aquilla Smith (numismatics); John Casey (mathematics)
- 1873: Sir William Wilde (polymath, father of Oscar Wilde)
- 1862: Robert Mallet (seismology); Humphrey Lloyd (astronomy); John Thomas Gilbert (history); Whitley Stokes (linguistics)
- 1858: Edward Joshua Cooper (astronomy); George Salmon (mathematics); Charles William Wall (literary criticism); William Reeves (history)
- 1851: John Hewitt Jellett (mathematics)
- 1848: Samuel Haughton (mathematics);Sir William Rowan Hamilton (mathematics); Edward Hincks (orientalist);John O'Donovan (history)
- 1843: Robert Kane (chemistry)
- 1839: James Apjohn (physics) ; George Petrie (history)
- 1838: James MacCullagh (physics)
- 1834: William Rowan Hamilton (mathematics)
- 1833: George Petrie (history)
- 1830: George Petrie (history)
- 1827: John D'Alton (history)
- 1818: John Brinkley (astronomy)
- 1805: William Preston (poetry)
- 1800: Theophilus Swift (writing, poetry)
- 1796: Thomas Wallace
- Sir Francis Beaufort, hydrographer and originator of the Beaufort Wind Scale
- Sir William Betham (1779–1853), Ulster King of Arms 1820–1853
- Frederick Boland, diplomat
- Andrew Nicholas Bonaparte-Wyse, civil servant
- Angela Bourke an award-winning Irish author and academic.
- Hugh Carleton, 1st Viscount Carleton, eminent judge and politician
- Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach 1932–1948; 1951–1954; 1957–1959 and President of Ireland 1959–1973
- James Dooge, engineer, Government minister, architect of the European Union; President of the RIA 1986–1990
- Samuel Ferguson (1810–1886)
- Garret FitzGerald, Taoiseach 1981–1982 and 1982–1987
- Aloys Fleischmann (1910–1992), composer
- James Gandon, architect
- Edmund Getty, antiquarian and naturalist
- Henry Grattan, politician
- Seamus Heaney (1939–2013), poet, Nobel laureate
- William Rowan Hamilton, mathematician
- Walter Heitler, physicist
- Thomas Dix Hincks (1767–1857), orientalist and naturalist
- John Houston (1802–1845), surgeon and anatomist
- Richard Kirwan, chemist, meteorologist, and mineralogist
- Seán Lemass, Taoiseach 1959–1966
- F. S. L. Lyons, historian
- Gearóid Mac Eoin, linguist and historian, member since 1975.
- Eoin MacNeill, politician and historian
- William Hunter McCrea, astronomer
- Frank Mitchell, naturalist
- Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin and President of the International Olympic Committee
- Thomas E. Nevin (1906–1986), elected in March 1942, distinguished career in molecular spectroscopy
- Cormac O'Ceallaigh, Irish cosmic ray physicists
- Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh, Attorney General 1946–1948, 1951–1953 and President of Ireland 1974–1976
- Fergus O'Rourke, zoologist
- John O'Donovan (1806–1861), Irish language scholar and place-name expert
- Eva Philbin (1914–2005), chemist and first female senior vice-president
- David Puttnam, Lord Puttnam
- William Reeves (1815–1892), antiquarian and bishop, President of the Academy in 1891
- Erwin Schrödinger (1931), Nobel physics laureate
- Robert William Smith (1807–1873), surgeon and pathologist
- James Henthorn Todd (1805–1869), biblical scholar, educator, and Irish historian
- Johannes Diderik van der Waals (1837–1923), winner of the 1910 Nobel Prize in physics
- Ernest T. S. Walton (1935), Nobel physics laureate
- Trevor West, mathematician and senator
- Robert Anthony Welch, author, educator, and literary historian
- Isaac Weld (1774–1856), topographical author
- William Wilde (1815–1876), polymath and father of the playwright, Oscar Wilde
- Edward Percival Wright (1834–1910), ophthalmic surgeon, botanist and zoologist
- Mary Somerville (1780–1872), science writer, astronomer, mathematician
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