Thomas Graham Brown

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Thomas Graham Brown
T. graham brown 2.jpg
Born 27 March 1882
Died 28 October 1965 (1965-10-29) (aged 83)
Nationality Scottish
Alma mater University of Edinburgh
Awards Fellow of the Royal Society (1927)[1]
Scientific career
Fields physiologist

Thomas Graham Brown FRS[1] (27 March 1882 – 28 October 1965) (usually known as T. Graham Brown) was a Scottish mountaineer and physiologist.

Life and family[edit]

Graham Brown was born in Edinburgh on 27 March 1882. His father, Dr John Joseph Graham Brown[2] was a President of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh from 1912 to 1914. His mother was Jane Pasley Hay Thorburn. The family lived at 63 Castle Street in Edinburgh's New Town.[3]

Thomas studied Science and Medicine at the University of Edinburgh gaining an MD in 1912 with a thesis on rhythmic movement[4] before moving to Glasgow and then Liverpool. He served in the Royal Army Medical Corps during World War I; after the war he continued his work on the physiology of the nervous system, particularly reflex movements and posture,[5] and in 1920 he accepted the Chair in Physiology at the University of Wales at Cardiff.[6] In 1927 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[5]

He died on 28 October 1965 and was buried with his parents on the hidden southern terrace of Dean Cemetery in western Edinburgh.

The east or Brenva face of Mont Blanc, seen from Pointe Helbronner
The grave of Thomas Graham Brown, Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh


The east or Brenva face of Mont Blanc was the scene of his most famous first ascents, his three new routes – the Sentinelle Rouge, Route Major and the Pear Buttress – constituting "the most important new routes made by British climbers in the Alps in the inter-war years."[7] In an article in the Alpine Journal, Graham Brown wrote

The great Brenva face of Mont Blanc de Courmayeur and Mont Blanc had not been climbed between the line of Güssfeldt's ascent of the Aiguille Blanche de Pétérey and the line of the Brenva route until Smythe and I had the good fortune to discover the 'Sentinel' route in 1927.[8]

He climbed the first of these routes, the Sentinelle Rouge, with Frank Smythe on 1–2 September 1927.[9] Smythe also accompanied him on the first ascent of Route Major on 6–7 August 1928.[9] According to Claire Engel, "both expeditions were among the most notable of the century".[10] The third route – the Pear Buttress – ascended the large rock buttress on the left of the face, and was made by Graham Brown, together with Alexander Graven and Alfred Aufdenblatten, on 5 August 1933.[11]

Graham Brown was the editor of the Alpine Journal from 1949 to 1953.[12]

In 1935, Graham Brown made the first ascent of Alaska's 5304 m Mount Foraker in company with Charles Houston and Chychele Waterston.

In 1936, Graham Brown was part of the joint British–American team that made the first ascent of Nanda Devi in the Indian Himalaya, though only two of the party, Bill Tilman and Noel Odell, made the summit.[13]


Graham Brown bequeathed his collection of alpine and mountaineering literature, consisting of some 20,000 items, to the National Library of Scotland.[14] He left his house for the use of the Edinburgh University Mountaineering Club.[15] The original house was sold by Edinburgh University as part of their sale of assets to meet debts in the 1990s. After protests by members of the time, the University named a flat in newly constructed student accommodation 'Graham Brown House' and is still used by the club.[16]


  1. ^ a b Adrian, L. (1966). "Thomas Graham Brown 1882-1965". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 12: 22–26. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1966.0002.
  2. ^ W. J. O'Connor, British Physiologists 1885–1914: A Biographical Dictionary, Manchester University Press, 1991, p. 366.
  3. ^ Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1882–83
  4. ^ Graham Brown, Thomas (1912). "Rhythmic movements. A contribution to the physiology of the central nervous system".
  5. ^ a b Obituary of Graham Brown at Accessed on 8 September 2008
  6. ^ Portrait of Brown at the Gazetteer for Scotland Accessed on 8 September 2008
  7. ^ Editor's 'Notes on the Extracts', in Peaks, Passes and Glaciers, ed. Walt Unsworth, London: Allen Lane, 1981, p. 280.
  8. ^ T. Graham Brown, 'First Ascent of Mont Blanc de Courmayeur from the Brenva Glacier, and Other Climbs', Alpine Journal, Vol. XLI, reprinted as 'Route Major', in Peaks, Passes and Glaciers, ed. Walt Unsworth, London: Allen Lane, 1981, p. 188
  9. ^ a b T. Graham Brown, Brenva, J. M. Dent & Sons, London, 1944, p. 189
  10. ^ Claire Engel, Mountaineering in the Alps, London: George Allen and Unwin, 1971, p. 192.
  11. ^ Brenva, p. 191
  12. ^ Details of the Graham Brown collection at Accessed on 9 September 2008
  13. ^ H. W. Tilman, The Ascent of Nanda Devi, London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1936
  14. ^ Details of the Graham Brown collection at Accessed on 8 September 2008
  15. ^ Portrait of Brown at Accessed on 9 September 2008
  16. ^ Information about the current Graham Brown House at Accessed on 6 October 2010