Thomas Harrison Butler
Thomas Harrison Butler, DM, FRCS(Eng) (19 March 1871 – 29 January 1945) was a British ophthalmologist and amateur boat designer. He published various designs of small, traditionally built yacht and was particularly concerned with the boat's handling under sail.
Butler graduated with an MA from Corpus Christi College, Oxford in May 1902, and received a Doctorate of Medicine (DM) at the same time. He practiced in Coventry, Birmingham and Leamington Spa, where he had private practices. He spent most of his time, however, on unpaid hospital work.
Harrison Butler was "a strong believer in the 'metacentric shelf formula' to achieve good balance and handling under sail. The theory held that as a yacht heels under sail, its balance will depend on the immersed form of the hull, with different sections exerting varying degrees of buoyancy and aft sections possibly being more buoyant than forward sections. Metacentric shelf analysis plots the shifts in the varying buoyancies as a net value to windward or leeward and serves as a guide to achieving equal buoyancy in the dissimilar ends of a design. The work can now be done by computer, but when it was applied by the brain, hand and eye of Dr. Harrison Butler it produced famously sweet-handling boats, in the age of heavy weather helm."
In the days before computers, Harrison Butler was known to cut out paper cross sections of his hulls in order to calculate lines of symmetry and centres of mass. Boats built to his designs are noted for their sleek looks as well as their pleasant handling.
He wrote two books, Cruising Yachts: Design and Performance, and An Illustrated Guide to the Slit-Lamp. and was the subject of a 1980s BBC TV documentary.
- Cyclone II Bermudan Cutter A small sailing yacht. Designed 1928, circa 7 built.
- Overall Length: 25ft 6in 7.77m
- Waterline: 22ft 6in 6.85m
- Beam: 9ft 1in 2.76m
- Draught: 4ft 6in 1.37m
- Displacement: 13 000lbs
- Yonne Class Cutter Described by Harrison Butler as a 'sports model'. Designed 1931, circa 8 built.
- Overall Length: 32ft 9in
- Waterline: 22ft 6in
- Beam: 8ft 6in
- Draught: 4ft 6in
- Englyn Design A small sailing yacht- circa 8 (+ 2 close derivatives) built, including 'Almonde', 1933-1959
- Overall Length: 26ft 6in
- Waterline: 22ft 5in
- Beam: 8ft 6in
- Draught: 4ft 6in
- Displacement: 7T (TM)
- Zyklon Similar to a Falmouth Quay Punt, although smaller and with traditional rigging. Versions of the Zyklon were built by Alfred Lockhart Ltd. and known as the 'Z' 4-tonner. Circa 45 built.
- Overall Length: 21ft 9in
- Waterline: 19ft
- Beam: 7ft 2in
- Draught: 4ft
- Displacement: 7 400lbs
In addition to those above, a number of other Harrison Butler designs were built over the years, including:
- Hong Kong - 1909, 4 Built
- Cyclone - 1919, 9 Built
- Askadil - 1934, 5 Built
- Bogle - 1934, 6 Built
- Khamseen - 1934, 4 (Including one new in 2015) Built
- Omega - 1938, 7 Built
- Irmiger - 1943, 1 Built
- Thuella - 1944, 6 Built
- Dream of Arden - 1945, 6 Built
The Harrison Butler Association
A Harrison Butler Association was formed in 1973 for anyone interested in his designs. It aims to keep track of Harrison Butler boats worldwide and help owners keep in touch. It holds two meetings and produces two newsletters annually.
Harrison Butler was the father-in-law of actress Joan Hickson.
- "University intelligence". The Times. No. 36770. London. 17 May 1902. p. 11.
- biographic note on Dr Thomas Harrison Butler Tradboat2.co.uk, accessed 26 September 2020
- Harrison Butler boat www.coburgbrokers.com, accessed 17 August 2006
- 1928 designs listed www.harrisonbutlerassociation.com, accessed 26 September 2020
- 1931 designs listed www.harrisonbutlerassociation.com, accessed 26 September 2020
- 1932 designs listed www.harrisonbutlerassociation.com, accessed 26 September 2020
- 1938 designs listed www.harrisonbutlerassociation.com, accessed 26 September 2020
- Harrison Butler designed www.harrisonbutlerassociation.com, accessed 26 September 2020