Thornton-le-Street

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Thornton-le-Street
Former public house at Thornton le Street - geograph.org.uk - 405952.jpg
Former public house at Thornton le Street
Thornton-le-Street is located in North Yorkshire
Thornton-le-Street
Thornton-le-Street
Thornton-le-Street shown within North Yorkshire
Population 42 
OS grid reference SE413862
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town THIRSK
Postcode district YO7 4
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°16′13″N 1°21′59″W / 54.270359°N 1.366258°W / 54.270359; -1.366258Coordinates: 54°16′13″N 1°21′59″W / 54.270359°N 1.366258°W / 54.270359; -1.366258

Thornton-le-Street is a village and parochial and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It is part of the civil parish of Thornton-le-Moor and Thornton-le-Street for District purposes.[1] As the population remained less 100 at the 2011 Census details are included in the civil parish of Thornton-le-Moor. It is situated on the A168 (the Thirsk to Northallerton road), about three miles north of Thirsk and about 5.3 miles (8.5 km) south east of the county town of Northallerton.

The whole village is within the site of the old medieval village and designated and Ancient Monument under the terms of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.[2] It is located between the west bank of the Cod Beck and the A168 road between Thirsk and Northallerton.

History[edit]

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Torentun in the Allerton hundred. The manor was the possession of Earl Edwin at the time of the Norman invasion. Afterwards it passed to the Crown who granted it to the manor of Northallerton whose lord was the Bishop of Durham.[3] In the 13th and 14th centuries, the main landowners were the de Wassand and de Wadesley families. In the 16th century the line of descent had altered through marriage to the Everingham's and then by sale to the Talbot's who held the title to the manor until 1793. It was briefly the possession of Samuel Crompton whose daughter inherited the manor where it passed down her husbands', Alan Frederick Cathcart, 3rd Earl Cathcart, line of descent.[4][5]

The name is derived from Old English words þorn and tūn combined with the Anglian word, strēt to give the meaning of Thorn tree farm on a Roman road. The suffix of le-street was used to distinguish it from other Thornton's in the area.[6][7]

Governance[edit]

The village is within the Thirsk and Malton UK Parliament constituency. It lies within the Thorntons ward of Hambleton District Council and Sowerby electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council.[8]

Geography[edit]

The village is located between the west bank of the Cod Beck and the A168 road between Thirsk and Northallerton. Within a radius of 2.5 miles (4.0 km) can be found the settlements of Thornton-le-Moor, Borrowby, Knayton, Upsall, South Kilvington, Newsham and South Otterington. The mean elevation in the village is 154 feet (47 m).[8]

The abandoned medieval village, fishponds and manorial site complete with a moat, are now little more than earthwork banks, but with well preserved below-ground remains. The old route of the main street which follows that of the old Roman road can be traced from the end of the existing main street running towards the eastern side of Old Hall.[4][8]

Religion[edit]

St Leonard's Church, Thornton-le-Street

The village church is dedicated to St Leonard and is a Grade II* listed building. The oldest parts indicate it was built in the 12th century with modifications in the 14th and 19th centuries.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish Info". Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Ancient monument status". English Heritage. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Thornton-le-Street in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Parish History". Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 832–833. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  6. ^ Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. pp. 610–11. ISBN 978-0521168557. 
  7. ^ A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 459. ISBN 978-0192800749. 
  8. ^ a b c Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
  9. ^ "Church Listing". English Heritage. 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Thornton-le-Street at Wikimedia Commons