Tlacopan

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Tlacopan
1428–1521
Glyph of Tlacopan
Glyph
This map Valley of Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest shows Tlacopan in relation to Tenochtitlan and other cities in the Valley of Mexico.
This map Valley of Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest shows Tlacopan in relation to Tenochtitlan and other cities in the Valley of Mexico.
Common languagesClassical Nahuatl
Religion
Aztec religion
Historical eraPre-Columbian
• Formation of the Aztec Empire
1428
1521
Succeeded by
New Spain

Tlacopan, also called Tacuba, was a Tepanec / Mexica altepetl on the western shore of Lake Texcoco. The site is today the neighborhood of Tacuba, in Mexico City.

Etymology[edit]

The name comes from Classical Nahuatl tlacōtl, "stem" or "rod" and -pan, "place in or on" and roughly translates to "place on the rods"),[1]

History[edit]

Tlacopan was a Tepanec subordinate city-state to nearby altepetl, Azcapotzalco.

In 1428, after its successful conquest of Azcapotzalco, Tlacopan allied with the neighbouring city-states of Tenochtitlan and Texcoco, thus becoming a member of the Aztec Triple Alliance and resulting in the subsequent birth of the Aztec Empire.[2]: xxxviii 

Aculnahuacatl Tzaqualcatl, the son of the Tepanec ruler, Tezozomoc, was installed as tlatoani of Tlacopan until his death in c.1430. Throughout its existence, Tlacopan was to remain a minor polity within the Triple Alliance. It received only a fifth of tribute earnt from joint campaigns with its more powerful allies.

In 1521, The Aztec Empire collapsed as a result of the Spanish conquest of Mexico, led by Hernán Cortés and his native Tlaxcallan allies. Over the next few centuries, Tlacopan has been assimilated into the sprawling mega-metropolis of Mexico City. The archæological site of Tlacopan is located in Tacuba, within the present-day municipality of Miguel Hidalgo.

Rulers of Tlacopan[edit]

Aculnahuacatl Tzaqualcatl (c. 1400-c. 1430[citation needed])

Totoquihuatzin (?-?)[3]

Chimalpopoca (1469-1489)

Antonio Cortes Totoquihuatzin II (1489-1519 or 1525)

Pedro Cortes Tetepanquetzatzin (1519[4] or 1525[5]-??)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Siméon, R. (1977). Diccionario de la lengua náhuatl o mexicana. México: Siglo Veintiuno.
  2. ^ León-Portilla, M. 1992, 'The Broken Spears: The Aztec Accounts of the Conquest of Mexico. Boston: Beacon Press, ISBN 978-0807055014
  3. ^ Diego Durán, The History of the Indies of New Spain, translated, annotated and with introduction by Doris Heyden. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994.
  4. ^ Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxichotl, History of the Chichimeca Nation. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2019.
  5. ^ Eduardo de J. Douglas, In the Palace of Nezahualcoyotl. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010.