List of Tenochtitlan rulers

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This is a list of the tlatoque of the pre-Columbian altepetl of Tenochtitlan.

Under the Tepanec suzerainty[edit]

Acamapichtli
1376 – 1395
Acamapichtli.png Son of Opochtli Iztahuatzin and Atotoztli I 1 Reed (1395) HIs first wife was Ilancueitl, and among his many others were Tezcatlan Miyahuatzin, Huitzilxotzin, and Xiuhcuetzin.[citation needed]
Huitzilihuitl
Five Snake (22 January)
3 Reed (1396) – 5 Snake (1417)
Huitzilíhuitl.gif Son of Acamapichtli and Tezcatlan Miyahuatzin 5 Snake (1417) Among his wives were Queen Ayauhcihuatl, Queen Cacamacihuatl, Queen Miahuaxihuitl, and Queen Miyahuaxochtzin.
Chimalpopoca
3 Serpent (21 July)
1 Reed (1417) – 12 Rabbit (1427)
Chimalpopoca.jpg Son of Huitzilihuitl and Ayauhcihuatl 12 Rabbit (1427)
His wife was Matlalatzin.

Emperors of the Triple Alliance (Aztec Empire)[edit]

Tlatoani Picture Birth Death Notes
Itzcoatl
13 Water (22 June)
13 Reed (1427) – 13 Flint (1440)
Itzcoatl.jpg Son of Acamapichtli and a commoner from Azcapotzalco 13 Flint (1440)
His wife was Huacaltzintli.
Moctezuma Ilhuicamina
(Moctezuma I)
3 Serpent (22 May)
13 Flint (1440) – 3 house (1469)
Huehuemoteuczoma mendoza.jpg Son of Huitzilihuitl and Miahuaxihuitl of Quauhnahuac 3 House (1469)
His wife was Chichimecacihuatzin I.
Axayacatl
2 Rain (2 August)
3 House (1469) – 2 House (1481)
Axayacatl.jpg Son of Tezozomoctli and Atotoztli II 2 House (1481) Married to Xochicueyetl.
Tizoc
6 Vulture (2 June)
2 House (1481) – 7 Rabbit (1486)
Tizoc.jpg Son of Tezozomoctli and Atotoztli 7 Rabbit (1486)
Ahuitzotl
10 Rabbit (15 April)
7 Rabbit (1486) – 10 Rabbit (1502)
Ahuitzotl.jpg Son of Tezozomoctli and Atotoztli II 10 Rabbit (1502) Married to Tlilancapatl
Moctezuma Xocoyotzin
(Moctezuma II)
9 Deer (14 April)
10 Rabbit (1502) – 2 Flint (1520)
Moctezuma Mendoza.jpg Son of Axayacatl 2 Flint (1520) Teotlalco was Moctezuma's principal wife.[1] He was also married to Tlapalizquixochtzin and many other nobles.[2]
Cuitláhuac
5/8 Wind (16 September)
2 Flint (1520)
Cuitlahuac2.jpg Son of Axayacatl and a noblewoman of Itztapalapan 2 Flint (3 December)
2 Flint (1520)
Married to a daughter of Moteixcahuia Quauhtlehuanitzin
Cuauhtémoc
Izcalli/February
3 House (1521) – 7 House (1525)
Cuauhtemoc cropped.jpg Son of Ahuitzotl 7 House (27 February 1525)
Acalan

Colonial rulers[edit]

Tlatoani Picture Birth Death Notes
Juan Velázquez Tlacotzin
7 House (1525)
Grandson of Tlacaelel II, grandson of Tlacaelel 7 House (1525)
Nochiztlan
Installed by Hernán Cortés in Huey Mollan. Died before returning to Tenochtitlan.
Andrés de Tapia Motelchiuh
7 House (1525) – 12 Rabbit (1530)
12 Rabbit (1530)
Aztatlan
Installed in Huey Mollan. A quauhtlatoani ("interim ruler").
Pablo Xochiquentzin
1 Flint (1532) – 5 Flint (1536)
5 Flint (1536) A quauhtlatoani ("interim ruler").
Diego de Alvarado Huanitzin
7 Rabbit (1539) – 10 House (1541)
Huanitzin2.jpg Son of Tezozomoctli Aculnahuacatl, grandson of Axayacatl 10 House (1541)
Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquititzin
10 House (1541) – 10 Rabbit (1554)
Tehuetzquititzin.jpg Son of Tezcatl Popocatzin, grandson of Tizoc 10 Rabbit (1554)
Esteban de Guzmán
10 Rabbit (1554) – 13 House (1557)
Xochimilco Not a tlatoani, but a judge (juez).
Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin
13 House (1557) – 5 Rabbit (1562)
Cristobaldeguzman.jpg Son of Diego Huanitzin 5 Rabbit (1562) Installed by Esteban de Guzmán.
Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin
6 Reed (1563) – 8 House (1565)
Luiscipac.jpg 8 House (1565)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moctezuma's children: Aztec royalty under Spanish rule, 1520-1700 by Donald E. Chipman
  2. ^ New World, First Nations: Native Peoples of Mesoamerica and the Andes Under Colonial Rule by David Patrick Cahill and Blanca Tovías

External links[edit]