Dornbirn

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Dornbirn
Watzenegg7.JPG
Coat of arms of Dornbirn
Coat of arms
Location of Dornbirn within Vorarlberg
Location of Dornbirn within Vorarlberg
Dornbirn is located in Vorarlberg
Dornbirn
Dornbirn
Location within Vorarlberg
Dornbirn is located in Austria
Dornbirn
Dornbirn
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°24′50″N 09°44′40″E / 47.41389°N 9.74444°E / 47.41389; 9.74444Coordinates: 47°24′50″N 09°44′40″E / 47.41389°N 9.74444°E / 47.41389; 9.74444
Country Austria
StateVorarlberg
DistrictDornbirn
Government
 • MayorAndrea Kaufmann (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total120.93 km2 (46.69 sq mi)
Elevation
437 m (1,434 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total49,278
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6850
Area code05572
Vehicle registrationDO
Websitewww.dornbirn.at

Dornbirn [ˈdɔʁnbɪʁn] is a city in the westernmost Austrian state of Vorarlberg. It is the administrative centre for the district of Dornbirn, which also includes the town of Hohenems, and the market town Lustenau.

Dornbirn is the largest city in Vorarlberg and the tenth largest city in Austria. It is an important commercial and shopping centre.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Dornbirn is located at 437 metres above sea level in the Alpine Rhine Valley, at the foot of the Karren mountain, part of the Bregenz Forest Mountain chain at the edge of the Eastern Alps. It is near the borders to Switzerland, Germany and Liechtenstein. The Dornbirner Ach river flows through the town and later into Lake Constance.

Municipal structure[edit]

Marktplatz

Dornbirn once consisted only of four "quarters" or precincts: Markt, Hatlerdorf, Oberdorf and Haselstauden. By the 20th century Dornbirn had annexed two formerly independent communities to the west: Rohrbach and Schoren, thus bringing the total number of precincts to six.

Neighbouring municipalities[edit]

The town of Dornbirn itself constitutes almost 70% of the surface of the district Dornbirn and borders on numerous other municipalities: Hohenems and Lustenau, 15 municipalities of the Bregenz District: (Lauterach, Wolfurt, Schwarzach, Bildstein, Alberschwende, Schwarzenberg, Reuthe, Mellau, Damüls), and four of the Feldkirch District: (Laterns, Zwischenwasser, Viktorsberg, Fraxern).

Dornbirn, St.-Leopold-church

History[edit]

The earliest evidence of human presence in the Dornbirn area dates from the Mesolithic era. The name "Dornbirn" derives from 'torrin puirron', meaning the 'Settlement of Torro' (the name of an Alemannic farmer living there), and thus has nothing to do with "pears" (German "Birnen"), although this fruit is prominently portrayed on the town emblem. 'Torrin puirron' is mentioned for the first time in 895, in a document from St. Gallen (Switzerland).

Dornbirn became part of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1380. In 1793 it was elevated to a market community. It was not given municipal status until 1901. In 1932 the mountain village of Ebnit was annexed. In 1969 Dornbirn became the seat of the new Dornbirn district administrative authority.

Historic marginalia[edit]

1881: the first telephone service in the K&K empire was inaugurated by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria on August 10, 1881.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18698,707—    
18809,464+8.7%
189010,810+14.2%
190013,193+22.0%
191016,320+23.7%
192314,481−11.3%
193416,650+15.0%
193917,572+5.5%
195122,532+28.2%
196128,075+24.6%
197135,113+25.1%
198138,641+10.0%
199140,735+5.4%
200142,301+3.8%
201145,605+7.8%
201446,883+2.8%
201749,090+4.7%
Source:[citation needed]
Largest groups of foreign residents
Nationality Population
 Turkey 1,813
 Germany 1,209
 Bosnia & Herzegovina 460
 Croatia 347
 Russia 239

Politics[edit]

Municipal Council[edit]

Dornbirn Rädermacher

The Dornbirn Municipal Council has 36 seats and the following party mandates:

The current mayor (since 2013) is Andrea Kaufmann (ÖVP).

International relations[edit]

Dornbirn has town partnerships with

Culture[edit]

Museums[edit]

The City Museum Dornbirn is Dornbirn's local museum, specialized in the city's history, early photography, traditional crafts, agriculture and the formerly flourishing textile industry.[3]

Inatura

Inatura is an interactive natural history museum. The museum includes a documentation center about nature in Vorarlberg, along with an interactive exhibition.[4]

The Mohren Biererlebniswelt is a beer museum of Vorarlberg's oldest brewery Mohrenbrauerei. It shows traditional brewery equipment and gives insights in the history of beer brewing. Additionally, it hosts workshops on beer.[5]

The Rolls-Royce Museum is a privately-owned automobile museum. It is said to have the world's largest collection of Rolls-Royce cars.[6]

ART BODENSEE is an annual meeting point for artists, art collectors, and connoisseurs. Since 2001, it has included exhibits of works by international artists.[7]

The FLATZ Museum sees itself as a forum concerned with artistic impulses and contemporary cultural positions. It shows changing exhibitions designed by international guest curators, with a focus on photographic art; it organises readings, lecture series, discussions and performances.[8]

Architecture[edit]

Dornbirn's Messestadion is an indoor sporting arena, and home to the local ice hockey team.

An example of modern Vorarlberg architecture is the LifeCycle-Tower ONE (LCT ONE), an innovative architectural project concerned with environmental and energy efficiency. With its eight floors, it is the first modular wooden hybrid complex; it was built in 2012.[9]

Economy[edit]

Vorarlberg's regional studio of the ORF (Austrian Broadcasting Corporation) is located in Dornbirn.

Zumtobel Group is an ATX traded company, one of many firms based in Dornbirn. The town was formerly a major centre of the textile industry, which suffered a serious decline beginning in the 1980s.

The Mohrenbrauerei August Huber is Vorarlberg's oldest brewery and market leader in the gastronomy and retail sectors.[10]

Transport[edit]

Located in the middle of the Rhine valley, Dornbirn is an important junction of regional and interregional bus lines, connecting Bregenz to the north, Feldkirch to the south, and the Bregenz Forest to the east. The A14 Rheintal motorway (Autobahn) passes by to the west. The Achrain tunnel, opened in 2009, directly connects Dornbirn/Haselstauden with the Bregenz Forest - Alberschwende region. The town has an excellent network of municipal buses.

Dornbirn's railway station is an important stop for all trains between western and eastern Austria.

A small airport is located at nearby Hohenems.

Education[edit]

University of Applied Sciences Vorarlberg

Educational institutions in Dornbirn include the Vorarlberg University of Applied Sciences, two general education secondary schools, and a higher technical vocational college (Höhere Technische Lehranstalt).

The Vorarlberg University of Applied Sciences (German: Fachhochschule Vorarlberg) was originally founded as a school for technology in 1989. It achievedthe status of an officially recognized university in 1999. It currently offers bachelor's and master's degrees in the fields of Business, Engineering & Technology, Design, and Social Work.

Sports[edit]

Among the most important sports institutions in Dornbirn is the RHC Dornbirn, one of the most powerful Austrian Rink Hockey teams. In 2010 it hosted the 2010 Rink Hockey Men's B World Championship.

The Baseball & Softball Club Dornbirn was founded in 1990, and has won the Austrian national title twice. BSC Dornbirn consists of one youth team, two men's teams, and two women's teams.

Dornbirn hosted the World Gymnaestrada event in 2007 and 2019.[11]

The Mohrenbrauerei (Mohren brewery)[edit]

Glass of Mohrenbräu beer

The Mohrenbrauerei was founded in Dornbirn in 1834,[12] which makes it the oldest operating brewery in Vorarlberg.

Well-known citizens of Dornbirn[edit]

  • Aaron Pilsan (born 1995), pianist
  • Tamira Paszek (born 1990), WTA tennis player
  • Yvonne Meusburger (born 1983), WTA tennis player
  • Ingrid Eberle (born 1957), ski racer
  • Elfi Graf (born 1952), singer
  • Wolfgang Flatz (born 1952), performance artist
  • Karl Cordin (born 1948), ski racer
  • Wolfgang Rümmele (1946–2019), Mayor of Dornbirn 1999-2013
  • Margret Dünser (1926–1980), journalist
  • Artur Doppelmayr (1922–2017), ski lift pioneer
  • Gerold Ratz (1919–2006), former Landesstatthalter of Vorarlberg
  • Karl Aubert Salzmann (1876–1934), president of Federal Council (Austria)
  • Johann Georg Waibel (1828–1908), Mayor of Dornbirn 1869–1908, member of the Austrian Reichsrat and Landtag
  • Francis Martin Drexel (1792–1863), Philadelphia banker and artist
  • Niklas Lerchenmüller (born 1969), scientist

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Stadtmuseum - Dauerausstellung". stadtmuseum.dornbirn.at. Retrieved 2019-09-10.
  4. ^ "inatura - interactive Nature Exhibition in Dornbirn". Urlaub in Vorarlberg. Retrieved 2019-09-10.
  5. ^ KG, Mohrenbrauerei Vertriebs. "Mohrenbrauerei Vertriebs KG>". Mohrenbrauerei Vertriebs KG (in German). Retrieved 2019-09-10.
  6. ^ "FIA Heritage Museums: Historic Vehicles around the World". www.fiaheritagemuseums.com. Retrieved 2019-09-10.
  7. ^ "ART BODENSEE – Messe für zeitgenössische Kunst". artbodensee.messedornbirn.at. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  8. ^ "FLATZ Museum Dornbirn". museenvorarlberg.at. Retrieved 2019-09-10.
  9. ^ "LCT ONE – LifeCycle Tower, Dornbirn". HKArchitekten.
  10. ^ "Marktführer Mohrenbrauerei". Marktführer Mohrenbrauerei (in German). Retrieved 2019-09-13.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-25. Retrieved 2015-07-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Wirtschaftsarchiv Vorarlberg". wirtschaftsarchiv-v.at. Retrieved 2020-06-30.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Lisbon, Portugal (2003)
World Gymnaestrada host city
2007
Succeeded by
Lausanne, Switzerland (2011)
Preceded by
Helsinki, Finland (2015)
World Gymnaestrada host city
2019
Succeeded by
Amsterdam, Netherlands (2023)