Tohoku Shinseien Sanatorium

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National Sanatorium Tōhoku Shinseien
Geography
Location Sakomachi, Tome, Miyagi, Japan
Organisation
Care system HealthCare of those who had leprosy
Hospital type National hospital run by Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (Japan)
History
Founded 1939
Links
Website www.tohoku-shinseien.com
Lists Hospitals in Japan

Tōhoku Shinseien Sanatorium or National Sanatorium Tōhoku Shinseien is a sanatorium for leprosy or ex-leprosy patients situated in Tome-shi, Miyagi-ken, Japan, founded in 1939.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

Following prefectural sanatoriums, the Japanese Government decided to increase sanatoriums, starting with National Sanatorium Nagashima Aiseien Nagashima Aiseien Sanatorium in 1930. Tohoku Shinseien Sanatorium was the 6th sanatorium which was established in 1939.

Tohoku Shinseien Sanatorium[edit]

  • In October, 1939, National Sanatorium Tohoku Shinseien was established.
  • Apr 1996:The 1953 Leprosy Prevention Law was abolished.
  • Jul 1998: The trial for compensation started.
  • May 11, 2001: The trial for compensation ruled that the previous Leprosy Prevention was unconstitutional.
  • May 25, 2001: The trial for compensation was confirmed. The compensation of 8,000,000 yen to 14,000,000 yen was given to patients depending on the duration of unconstitutional periods.

Number of Patients at the end of the fiscal year[edit]

The number of in-patients is the sum of patients which changed not only by the newly diagnosed hospitalized and those who died among in-patients, by other factors such as the number of patients who escaped or were discharged, depending on the condition of the times. Recently they were encouraged to be discharged, but the long period of the segregation policy causing leprosy stigma might influence the number of those who went into the society.

  • the end of the fiscal year is the March 31, next year[1]
Number of in-patients
Year Males Females Total
1939 39 13 52
1940 311 139 450
1945 430 175 605
1955 397 220 617
1965 350 204 554
1975 299 174 473
1985 230 157 387

[2]

Year Number of
in-patients
2003 191
2004 177
2005 167
2006 158
2007 152
2008 144

The number of healed, discharged patients[edit]

Year Patients
1940 9
1941 21
1942 13
1943 8
1944 2
1945 5
1946 3
1947 0
Year Patients
1948 0
1949 3
1950 0
1951 0
1952 1
1953 0
1954 2
1955 1
Year Patients
1956 2
1957 3
1958 2
1959 2
1960 29
1961 7
1962 6

[3]

Museum[edit]

  • On June 26, 2006, "Shinsei Museum" opened with various historical materials concerning patients' life in previous days of the Sanatorium in the classroom of the branch school of Hanokizawa within the Sanatorium. Its purpose is to reduce leprosy stigma. It is open between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. on weekdays.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Leprosy and society(1986), Kon S, J. Iwate med Ass. 38,2,161-174
  2. ^ Number of in-patients (residents) 2009.12.20
  3. ^ Jinjutsu wo Mattou Seshi Hito The history of Dr. Kamikawa Yutaka,(1970) ed. Mamoru Uchida, Tohoku Shinseien

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°40′56″N 141°03′38″E / 38.68222°N 141.06056°E / 38.68222; 141.06056