Tróndur í Gøtu
Tróndur í Gøtu
|Died||1035 (aged 89–90)|
|Parent(s)||Torbjørn Gøtuskegg and Guðrún|
Tróndur í Gøtu (Icelandic: Þrándur í Götu, Old Norse Þrǫ́ndr í Gǫtu) (c. 945 – 1035) was a Viking era chieftain in the Faroe Islands.
He lived in the village of Gøta on Eysturoy island. He opposed the Christianization of the Faroes, a cause promoted by rival chieftain Sigmundur Brestisson, which led to significant conflict between them as documented in the Færeyinga saga. An Icelandic saying, "vera einhverjum Þrándur í Götu" or "to be a þrándur í götu", meaning to be an obstacle to somebody, originates from Tróndur's opposition to royal taxation. In modern Faroese culture, Tróndur í Gøtu is considered a national hero and is commemorated in a song by the Faroese band Týr.
Tróndur í Gøtu lived at his father's home in the village of Gøta on the island of Eysturoy. Initially Tróndur and his brother Thorlac drew lots to decide who should inherit the estate. After losing, Thorlac went to live in neighbouring islands with his wife. The siblings eventually lived together at Gøta with their children.
Tróndur opposed Christianization of the Faroes and pronounced a curse against the religion and rival chieftain Sigmundur Brestisson who was promulgating it. He and Sigmundur Brestisson are central figures in the Færeyinga saga, which tells the early history of the Faroe Islands and the coming of Christianity to the islands. This is also the subject of the poem "Gandkvæði Tróndar" by the Faroese poet Janus Djurhuus (1881–1948).
Færeyinga saga was written in Iceland shortly after 1200. The saga is the oldest recorded source of the history of the Faroe Islands. It is commonly believed to have relied upon oral testimonies from the Faroe Islands. Tróndur í Gøtu himself was probably unknown to most Icelanders, explaining why the words þrándur and götu may be commonly lower cased. Because Tróndur opposed royal taxation, Icelanders might think that þrándur literally means an obstacle.
The saying in the Icelandic language, vera einhverjum Þrándur í Götu (e. being someones Þrándur í Götu) or just að vera þrándur í götu (e. to be a þrándur í götu), means to be an obstacle to somebody.
In popular culture
To present day Faroese Tróndur í Gøtu is considered a national hero. The Faroese music band Týr wrote a song called "Tróndur í Gøtu" in honor of this famous Faroese warrior which was released in 2009 on the album By the Light of the Northern Star.
- ^ a b "Tróndur í Gøtu". snar.fo. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- ^ "Sigmundur Brestisson (961-1005)". snar.fo. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- ^ "Monument of Sigmundur Brestisson - Swimming from Skúvoy to Suðuroy". flickr.com. 25 March 2009. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- ^ J.H.O. Djurhuus: en litterær biografi, by Hanus Kamban, translated by Kirsten Brix (Odense Universitetsforlag, 2001} ISBN 9788778386045
- ^ Málfarsbankinn
- ^ "þrándur". wiktionary.org. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- ^ C. C. Rafn, 1832. "Færøboernes historie". wiktionary.org. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- ^ "vera þrándur í götu". wiktionary.org. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- ^ "Tyr, By the Light of the Northern Star". blabbermouth.net. 13 July 2009. Retrieved November 1, 2019.