Joseph-Marie Trịnh Như Khuê

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In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Trịnh. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Khuê.
His Eminence
Joseph-Marie Trịnh Như Khuê
Cardinal, Archbishop of Hanoi
Church Roman Catholic
Archdiocese Hanoi
Installed 1976
Term ended 27 November 1978
Predecessor François Chaize
Successor Joseph-Marie Trịnh Văn Căn
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of San Francesco di Paola ai Monti
Ordination 1 April 1933
Consecration 15 August 1950
Created Cardinal 24 May 1976
by Paul VI
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1898-12-11)December 11, 1898
Trang-Duê, Vietnam
Died November 27, 1978(1978-11-27) (aged 79)
Hanoi, Vietnam
Nationality Vietnamese
Previous post Apostolic Vicar of Hanoi (1950-1960)
Coat of arms
Styles of
Joseph Marie Trịnh Như Khuê
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Hanoi

Joseph-Marie Trịnh Như Khuê (December 11, 1898–November 27, 1978) was the first Vietnamese cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Hanoi from 1960 until his death, having previously served as its apostolic vicar, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1976.


Khuê was born in Trang-Duê, and ordained to the priesthood on April 1, 1932. On April 18, 1950, he was appointed Apostolic Vicar of Hanoi and Titular Bishop of Synaus by Pope Pius XII. Khuê received his episcopal consecration on the following August 15 from Bishop Thaddée Le Huu Tu, OCist, with Bishops Francisco Gomez de Santiago, OP, and Pierre Pham-Ngoc-Chi serving as co-consecrators, in the Cathedral of Hanoi. He was later raised to the rank of a Metropolitan Archbishop upon his vicariate's elevation to a metropolitan see on November 24, 1960.

The archbishop was reserved as a cardinal in pectore by Pope Paul VI when the consistory was announced on April 28, 1976, and was published and created Cardinal Priest of S. Francesco di Paola ai Monti at the consistory on May 24 of that same year. Khue attended the consistory in the purple robes of a bishop, because he did not have time to get red ones. He was the first cardinal to hail from Vietnam, and was also one of the cardinal electors who participated in the conclaves of August and October 1978, which selected Popes John Paul I and John Paul II respectively.

Cardinal Khuê died in Hanoi, at the age of 79; he had been the ecclesiastical leader of Hanoi for twenty-eight years. He is buried in St. Joseph's metropolitan cathedral, Hà Nội


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