Trans-European high-speed rail network
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The Trans-European high-speed rail network (TEN-R), together with the Trans-European conventional rail network, make up the Trans-European Rail network, which in turn is one of a number of the European Union's Trans-European transport networks (TEN-T). It was defined by the Council Directive 96/48/EC of 23 July 1996.
The European Union council decision 2002/735/EC defines technical standards for interoperability of the system.
The network is defined as a system consisting of a set of infrastructures, fixed installations, logistic equipment and rolling stock.
By definition of the EC decision, a high-speed line must have one of these three infrastructure characteristics:
- specially built high-speed lines equipped for speeds generally equal to or greater than 250 km/h
- specially upgraded high-speed lines equipped for speeds of the order of 200 km/h
- specially upgraded high-speed lines which have special features as a result of topographical, relief or town-planning constraints, on which the speed must be adapted to each case.
The rolling stock used on these lines must be compatible with the characteristics of the infrastructure.
Along important listed rail routes (TEN-T), the railway shall be of high speed type, either when new parts are built, or when upgrades are made. This creates a quality requirement on these projects.
- Corridor 1 – Berlin-Palermo (Berlin-Leipzig-Nurnberg-Munich-Innsbruck-Verona-Florence-Rome-Naples-Reggio Calabria/Messina-Palermo, Milan-Bologna)
- Corridor 2 – Brussels-centred network to London, Paris, Amsterdam, Cologne
- Corridor 3 - High-speed rail axis of south-west Europe (Lisbon-Porto, Lisbon-Salamanca, Lisbon-Madrid-Barcelona-Lyon, Madrid-Bilbao-Bordeaux-Paris)
- Corridor 4 - High-speed railway axis east (Paris to Strasbourg, Luxembourg, Mannheim) (Lyon-Turin-Milan-Trieste-Ljubljana-Budapest)
- Corridor 6 - Lyon-Budapest
- Corridor 7 - Paris-Bratislava
- High-speed rail in Europe
- Trans-European Transport Networks
- Trans-European Road network
- Trans-European Rail network
- Trans-European conventional rail network
- Trans-European Inland Waterway network
- Motorways of the Sea
- Trans-European Seaport network
- Trans-European Airport network
- Trans-European Combined Transport network
- Council Directive 96/48/EC of 23 July 1996 on the interoperability of the trans-European high-speed rail system Retrieved 7 March 2012
- "2002/735/EC: Commission Decision of 30 May 2002 concerning the technical specification for interoperability relating to the rolling stock subsystem of the trans-European high-speed rail system referred to in Article 6(1) of Directive 96/48/EC". eur-lex.europa.eu. European Union. 12 September 2002. Retrieved 7 March 2013.