Treaty Between France and Spain Regarding Morocco

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The Treaty between France and Spain regarding Morocco was signed on 27 November 1912 by French and Spanish head of states, establishing de jure a Spanish Zone of influence in northern and southern Morocco, both zones being de facto under Spanish control,[1] while France was still regarded as the protecting power as it was the sole occupying power to sign the Treaty of Fez.

The northern part has to become the zone of Spanish protectorate in Morocco with its capital in Tetuan, while the southern part was ruled from El Aiun as a buffer zone between the Spanish Colony of Rio de Oro and Morocco.


  1. ^ Treaty Between France and Spain Regarding Morocco, in: The American Journal of International Law, vol.7, no.2, Apr. 1913