Treaty of Whitehall

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The Treaty of Whitehall (or the Treaty of American Neutrality[1]) was signed between Louis XIV of France and James II of England in November 1686 as an agreement that Continental conflict would not disrupt peace and neutrality in New France and New England. It declared that "though the two Countries might be at war in Europe their Colonies in America should continue in peace and Neutrality."[2] The treaty specifically prohibited each nation from fishing or trading in the other's territory, and also forbid each power from aiding Indian tribes who may be at war with the other.[3]

The treaty was short lived, however, and was broken following the outbreak of King William's War in 1689, the first in the series of French and Indian Wars.


  1. ^ Faragher, pp. 79-81
  2. ^ Daugherty, J.E. (January 1983). "The Colonial Struggle for Acadia, The Initial Phase: 1686–1713". Maritime Indian Treaties In Historical Perspective. Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, Government of Canada. Retrieved 2007-12-01. 
  3. ^ Doyle, p. 180


  • Doyle, John Andrew (1907). English Colonies in America. New York: Henry Holt (No copyright in the United States). 
  • Faragher, John Mack (2005). A Great And Noble Scheme: The Tragic Story Of The Expulsion Of The French Acadians from their American Homeland. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-05135-8.