Triammonium citrate

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Triammonium citrate
Ammoniumcitrat V2.svg
Ammoniumcitrat.JPG
Names
IUPAC name
Ammonium 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate
Other names
Ammonium citrate tribasic; Ammonium citrate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.020.359 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 222-394-5
E number E380 (antioxidants, ...)
UNII
UN number 3077
  • InChI=1S/C6H8O7.3H3N/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10;;;/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12);3*1H3
    Key: YWYZEGXAUVWDED-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • C(C(=O)[O-])C(CC(=O)[O-])(C(=O)[O-])O.[NH4+].[NH4+].[NH4+]
Properties
C6H17N3O7
Molar mass 243.216 g·mol−1
Density 1.48
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation mark
Warning
H315, H319, H335
P261, P264, P271, P280, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P312, P321, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P403+P233, P405, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

Triammonium citrate is a chemical compound whose molecular formula is C6H17N3O7.[1]

Synopsis[edit]

It was patented some date prior to 1986.[2]

This substance causes serious eye irritation, causes skin irritation and may cause respiratory irritation.[1]

It is known in the European E number food additive series as E380. It is known in the United States as "an indirect food additive for use only as a component of adhesives", and as a "substance added directly to human food affirmed as generally recognized as safe (GRAS)."[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Substance information - Triammonium citrate". European Chemicals Agency.
  2. ^ a b "Compound Summary for CID 18954 - Ammonium Citrate, Tribasic". PubChem.