Trillium nivale

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Snow trillium
Trillium nivale emergent small.jpg
anthesis in snowfall
Trillium nivale
East Lansing, Michigan

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Trillium
Species: T. nivale
Binomial name
Trillium nivale
Riddell, 1835

Trillium nivale, the snow trillium[2] or dwarf white trillium, is a member of the Trilliaceae family. It is native to parts of the east and midwest United States, primarily the Great Lakes States, the Ohio Valley, and the Upper Mississippi Valley.[3][4] It is one of the earliest flowers to bloom. Along the Ohio River valley, flowers may be seen in early March. At its northern limit in Minnesota, it blooms in early April. Far beyond its native range, at Edmonton, Alberta, it blooms in late April.[5]

Trillium nivale is smaller than many of the other species in the genus, seldom reaching a height of more than 9 cm (3.5 in). Unlike most trilliums, it does not grow in leaf mold, preferring limy sandy gravel, crevices in limestone, or calcareous mineral soil instead.[5][6]


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