Trillium nivale

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Snow trillium
Trillium nivale emergent small.jpg
anthesis in snowfall
Trillium nivale
East Lansing, Michigan

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)[1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Liliales
Family: Melanthiaceae
Genus: Trillium
Species: T. nivale
Binomial name
Trillium nivale
Riddell, 1835

Trillium nivale, the snow trillium[2] or dwarf white trillium, is a member of the Melanthiaceae family. It is native to parts of the east and midwest United States, primarily the Great Lakes States, the Ohio Valley, and the Upper Mississippi Valley.[3][4] It is one of the earliest flowers to bloom. Along the Ohio River valley, flowers may be seen in early March. At its northern limit in Minnesota, it blooms in early April. Far beyond its native range, at Edmonton, Alberta, it blooms in late April.[5]

Trillium nivale is smaller than many of the other species in the genus, seldom reaching a height of more than 9 cm (3.5 in). Unlike most trilliums, it does not grow in leaf mold, preferring limy sandy gravel, crevices in limestone, or calcareous mineral soil instead.[5][6]


  1. ^ "Trillium nivale". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved 2008-05-02.
  2. ^ "Trillium nivale". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  3. ^ "Trillium nivale". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  4. ^ "Trillium nivale". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  5. ^ a b Case, Frederick W. (2002). "Trillium nivale". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 26. New York and Oxford – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  6. ^ Case, Frederick W.; Case, Roberta B. (1997). Trilliums. ISBN 0-88192-374-5.

External links[edit]